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Year Of the Frog PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Year Of the Frog. What Is an Amphibian?. Vertebrate Animal with a backbone Cold-Blooded Use their surroundings to warm up or cool down Amphibian = 2 Lives 1 st in the water--breathing with gills Lay eggs → hatch → metamorphose 2 nd on land--breathing with lungs.

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Year Of the Frog

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Year of the frog

Year

Of the

Frog


What is an amphibian

What Is an Amphibian?

  • Vertebrate

    • Animal with a backbone

  • Cold-Blooded

    • Use their surroundings to warm up or cool down

  • Amphibian = 2 Lives

    • 1st in the water--breathing with gills

      • Lay eggs→hatch→metamorphose

    • 2nd on land--breathing with lungs


What is an amphibian1

What is an Amphibian?

  • Frogs and Toads

  • Newts and Salamanders


Where do frogs live

Where do Frogs Live?

  • Rivers and streams

  • Lakes, ponds and marshes

  • Grasslands

  • Forests


Global amphibian distribution

Global Amphibian Distribution

  • 6,307 species of amphibians world-wide


Frogs in texas

63 species of amphibians in Texas

42 species of frogs and toads

4 species threatened

1 species endangered

1 extirpated

About 30 species of salamanders

6 species threatened

2 species endangered

Frogs in Texas


Frogs vs toads

Smooth or slimy skin

Strong long legs with webbed feet for jumping and leaping

Lay eggs in clusters

A Group of frogs is called

An ARMY of frogs

Warty and dry skin

Stubby bodies with short hind legs for hopping

Lay eggs in chains

A Group of toads is called

A KNOT of toads

Frogs vs. Toads


What do frogs eat

What do Frogs Eat?

  • Frogs are Carnivores

    • Carnivores eat other animals

    • Frogs eat

      • Insects

      • Snails

      • Spiders

      • Worms

      • Small fish

      • Other small aquatic and terrestrial animals


Life cycle

Life Cycle

Lay Eggs

Adult

Tadpoles

Metamorphs


Respiration

Respiration

  • Frogs can breath through their skin

    That’s why their skin needs to be moist!!


Why are they important

Why are they Important?

  • An important part of the Ecosystem

    • They eat insects and other small animals and other animals eat them

  • Provide Benefits to Humans

    • Source of Medicine

    • Control insects and insect-borne diseases

  • Indicators of Environmental Health

    • Permeable skin can absorb and concentrate toxins making them sensitive to environmental changes

  • Role in Culture and Religion


What s happening to frogs

What’s Happening to Frogs?

  • 32% of the world’s amphibian species are threatened with extinction.

  • Up to 122 species may have gone extinct since 1980.

  • At least 43% of all species are declining in population size.


Year of the frog

Why?


Habitat loss

Habitat Loss

  • Ponds and wetlands are being filled in to use the land for other purposes

  • Rainforests are being cut down to create land for farming and ranching

  • Habitat is being destroyed to build roads and buildings


Habitat fragmentation

Habitat Fragmentation

  • Habitat fragmentation is the breaking apart of habitat in smaller pieces.

  • Once they leave their pond, frogs and toads may travel across land to many different habitats to eat or hibernate.

  • However, if a large road or a town is built, then the frogs may not be able to travel back to a pond to lay their eggs.

  • No eggs→no new frogs!


Pollution

Pollution

  • Rain can wash chemicals and pollutants into streams, ponds, rivers and lakes.

  • The chemicals don’t only pollute the water but also seep into a frog’s skin.

  • These chemicals can affect tadpole development and behavior, development of male frogs, and the number of tadpoles produced.


Disease

Disease

  • Chytrid Fungus

    • A fungus that is believed to slowly suffocate frogs by attacking the skin through which they breathe

    • The chytrid fungus is spreading rapidly and affecting amphibians worldwide.

  • Malformations

    • Frogs that have extra or missing limbs

    • Caused by…

      • Genetics

      • Parasite disruption of limb formation

      • Chemical contamination

      • Viruses

      • Ultraviolet radiation

      • Physical trauma (from predators or people)

American bullfrog found in

San Marcos River


Climate change

Climate Change

  • Climate change is a big buzz in our society today. But how will it really affect frogs?

  • It can change the amount and timing of rain events

    • If rains don’t come at the right time, then frogs might not be able to breed

  • It can change temperatures

    • Temperature changes can also affect breeding and development of young

  • The golden toad in Costa Rica is

    thought to have become extinct

    because of climate change


What can you do

What can You do?

  • Watch out for frogs!

    • Become familiar with frogs in your area

    • Use pesticides carefully and sparingly

    • Create frog habitat in your yard

    • Keep cats and dogs away from amphibians

    • Be wise in your use of water and fossil fuels so that amphibians and the rest of us will have good habitats in the future!


What else can you do

Get Involved!!

Participate in a Leap Year activity at a local zoo or aquarium.

www.aza.org/Promotions/LeapDay_TX/

Participate in the National Wildlife Federation’s “Record the Ribbit” on May 3.

www.nwf.org/ribbit

Contact Texas Parks and Wildlife to become a citizen scientist through Texas Amphibian Watch.

You can become an Amphibian Spotter

You can Adopt-a-Frog Pond

Listen to frogs at night

Check for frogs with malformations

www.tpwd.state.tx.us/amphibians/

What else can YOU do?


Sources

Sources

A Thousand

Friends

of Frogs


Image acknowledgements

Image Acknowledgements

  • Slide 1

  • Clockwise from left top corner:

  • Horned Marsupial Frog - Tania Boniske

  • Magnificent Tree Frog - Kevin Johnson

  • Dendrobates tinctorius - Richard Gibson

  • Strawberry Poison Frog - Joe Milmoe

  • Dyeing Poison Arrow Frog - Gerry Marantelli

  • Lemur Leaf Frog - Ron Holt

  • Red-eyed Tree Frog - Ron Holt

  • Cacao Robber Frog - Miravilis Swarovsky

  • Grainy Cochran Frog - Ron Holt

  • Dainty TreeFrog - Lydia Fucsko

  • Slide 2

  • Morrocan Toad - Kevin Johnson

  • Tigar Salamander - Hoberg

  • Two-toned Poison Frog - Joe Milmoe

  • Slide 3

  • Newt – Amphibian Ark

  • others – Herps of Texas

  • http://www.zo.utexas.edu/research/txherps/

  • Slide 4

  • River, Prairie and pond – TPWD

  • Forest – Amphibian Ark

  • Marsh – Texas Coastal Wetlands

  • Slide 5

  • www.GlobalAmphibians.org

  • Slide 6

  • Herps of Texas

  • Slide 7

  • Green and Golden Bell Frog - Lydia Fucsko

  • Common Toad - Richard Gibson

  • Common Frog spawn - Aleksander Niwelinski

  • Common Toad spawn - Eugene Bruins

  • Slide 8

  • Frog eating spider – Amphibian Ark

  • Little Water Frog Eating a bird - Aleksander Niwelinski

  • Slide 9 (order they appear)

  • Common Toad - Richard Gibson

  • Common Toad - Eugene Bruins

  • Red-eyed Tree Frog, eggs - Ron Holt

  • Common Toad, Tadpoles - Aleksander Niwelinski

  • Southern Brown Tree Frog tadpoles, feeding - Lydia Fucsko

  • Marbled Treefrog, Larvae - Ron Holt

  • Slide 10

  • www.thefrog.org

  • Slide 11

  • Amphibian Ark

  • Slide 12

  • Panamanian Golden Frog – GerryMarantelli

  • Red-eyed Tree Frog - Ron Holt

  • La Palma Glass Frog - Ron Holt

  • Dainty TreeFrog - Lydia Fucsko

  • Cane Toad - Lydia Fucsko

  • Amphibian Ark

  • Two-toned Poison Frog - Richard Gibson

  • European Tree Frog - Richard Gibson

  • Slide 13

  • San Jose Cochran Frog - Ron Holt

  • Panama Golden Frogs – Paul Crump

  • Panamanian Golden Frog - Ron Gagliardo

  • Eleutherodactylus museosus - Brad Wilson

  • Crucifix Toad - Taronga Zoo

  • Hourglass Treefrog - Ron Holt

  • Asian Common Toad - Richard Gibson

  • Morrocan Toad - Kevin Johnson

  • Strawberry Poison Frog - Joe Milmoe

  • Banded Horned Tree Frog - Ron Holt

  • Slide 14

  • Amphibian Ark

  • Slide 16

  • TPWD

  • Slide 17

  • Top pictures – A Thousand Friends of Frogs

  • Lower picture – Melba Sexton

  • Slide 17

  • Top pictures – Herps of Texas

  • Bottom picture – Charles Smith, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

  • Slide 18

  • Strawberry Poison Frog - John Clarke

  • Asian Common Toad - Richard Gibson

  • Slide 19

  • TPWD


Useful links

Useful Links

  • www.tpwd.state.tx.us/leapyear/

  • www.tpwd.state.tx.us/amphibians/

  • www.amphibianark.org

  • www.globalamphibians.org

  • cgee.hamline.edu/frogs/

  • www.aza.org/YearoftheFrog/

  • www.exploratorium.edu


Year of the frog

Presentation designed by Heather Cardella Dammeyer


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