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Warm Up. Describe 4 factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution in Britain How did the Industrial Revolution transform the textile industry? How did transportation improve in the early 1800’s? 3 examples!. Remember!. Britain leads the way! Natural Resources Human Resources

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Warm up

Warm Up

Describe 4 factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution in Britain

How did the Industrial Revolution transform the textile industry?

How did transportation improve in the early 1800’s? 3 examples!


Remember

Remember!

  • Britain leads the way!

    • Natural Resources

    • Human Resources

    • Technical lead

    • Capital

    • Demand

    • Stable government


New industrial city

New Industrial City

  • Industrialization brought rapid urbanization

    • Population increases, changes in farming, demand for workers

    • Movement of people to cities

  • Manchester England

    • 17,000 (1750s) – 40,000 (1780) – 70,000 (1801)

    • Tenements (no running water, community pumps)

    • No sewage or sanitation system

    • Waste and garbage rotted in the streets

    • Disease spread rapidly


Factory system

Factory System

  • Working hours were long (12-16 hours)

  • Exhausted workers were suffered accidents

  • Machines had no safety devices

  • Air was polluted

  • If workers were sick/injured – lost their job

  • Authors like Charles Dickens described hard times in cities


Women

Women

  • Employers preferred women workers

  • Felt they could adapt more easily to machines and easier to manage than men

  • They were able to pay women less

  • New jobs took women away from homes


Child labor

Child Labor

  • Factories and mines hired children

  • Could fit in small spaces, were quick

  • Hired orphans


The working c lass

The Working Class

  • Protests

    • Weavers and other skilled workers

    • Resisted new labor saving machines

    • Some smashed machines and burned factories

    • Known as “Luddites” after a mythical figure who supposedly destroyed machines in the 1780s

  • Methodist preachers took message of hope and a better life to come into the slums

  • Helped channel anger from revolution to reform


The new middle class

The New Middle Class

  • Some were merchants who invested in factories

  • Others were inventors or skilled artisans

  • Nice homes, dressed well

  • Gained influence in Parliament

  • “Ladies” did not work outside the home

  • Valued hard work to get ahead

  • Had no sympathy for the poor


Benefits and problems

Benefits and Problems

  • Blessing or curse?

  • Terrible hardships, reform

  • Labor unions

    • Better wages and working conditions

    • Government saw unions as dangerous organizations


Closure

Closure

  • Primary Source

    • Page 207

    • What does the excerpt suggest about the role and status of middle-class women during the Industrial Revolution?

  • Compare life of a farmworker with that of an early factory worker


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