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Актуальные вопросы компьютерной лингвистики PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Актуальные вопросы компьютерной лингвистики. Часть 2. Генерация текстов на ЕЯ. Введение История Обзор существующих систем с разным типом входных данных: поток данных Информация об объектах и явлениях Формальные спецификации Семантическое представление.

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Актуальные вопросы компьютерной лингвистики

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    (Systemic Functional grammar - SFG) M.A.K.

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  • 80 PENMAN

  • 90 - KPML (http://purl.org/net/kpml)


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  • Special Interest Group on GENeration (SIGGEN)

    http://www.cs.columbia.edu/~acl/.

  • (The John Bateman and Michael Zock's list of Natural Language Generation Systems, http://purl.org/net/nlg-list)


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80-90

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1 employee appraiser austin haynes

1. Employee Appraiser ( Austin-Haynes)

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Performance now knowledgepoint

Performance Now ( KnowledgePoint)

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    Bert does not display the verbal communication skills required, andhis written communications fall short of the quality needed. Additionally,he does not exhibit the listening and comprehension skills necessary for satisfactory performance of his job.

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      , X he Y me (Because he hates me.) : Why do you think he hates you?; Supose he did hate you? )


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  • FoG (1989-2000)

    (Bateman, J. A. Anabling technology for multilingual natural language generation: the KPML environment. In: Natural Language Engineering, 1997, 1(1). Goldberg, E., Driedgar, N., and Kittredge, R. Using natural-language processing to produce weather forecasts. IEEE Expert, 1994, 9(2): 45-53.)

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  • ANA (1983)

    ( , , ..) .


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  • PostGraphe (1996)

    De 1987 1989 les profits de la compagnie A ont augment de 30$ 40$. Jusquen 1990 ils ont diminu de 40$ 35$.

    De 1987 1988 les profits de B ont augment de 160$ 165$. Pendant 1 anne ils ont diminu de 25$. Jusquen 1990 ils ont augment de 140$ 155$.


Gossip 1988

.

Gossip (1988)

  • , Gossip:

    The system was used for 7 hours 32 minutes 12 seconds. The users of the system ran compilers and editors during this time. The compilers were run six times, for 47% of the cpu time. The editors were run twelve times, for 53% of the cpu time. Two users, Jessie and Martin, logged on to the system. Jessie used the system for 63% of the time in use. Martin used the system for 40% of the time in use.


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  • TEXT [30] (1980-1985)

    (McKeown [K . (1989) // . . XXIV. M, 1989. C. 311-356. ])

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Text


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.

  • Caption Generation System (1998) . :

    These charts show information about house sales from data set PGH-23. In the two charts, the X-axis shows the selling prices. The top chart emphasizes the relationship between the number of rooms and the selling price. The bottom chart emphasizes the relationship between the lot size and the selling price.


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M-PIRO (2001-2003) , , , .

  • Artequakt (2002) . .

  • Demosthenes (2002) - , , . .

    , .


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  • XEplainer (2001), web-

    , , : , , . , . , , , . , , . , .


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  • Integrated Software and On-Line Documentation Environment (ISOLDE) (1992-2002)

    , .

    (http://www.cmis.csiro.au/iit/Projects/Isolde/index.htm).

  • ModelExplainer (1997) - , RationalRose Visio (http://www.cogentex.com/research/modex/index.shtml).

    HTML-, .

  • Proverb (1996-2000) , OMEGA ( ).


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  • AGILE [26] (2000) , .

    ( , )

    PLINE.

    Windows Poliline Poliline Draw.

    DOS/Unix Poliline Draw.

    1. .

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    Arc.

    a. Arc mode confirmation. Arc mode confirmation. Arc mode confirmation .


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  • SUREGEN-2 (2002) , , . .

  • MDA (Multilingual Document Authoring) (2000)


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Bateman zock 2001

([Bateman & Zock 2001])


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, (PDF, HTML ..) .


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    , FoG


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    .3. , -, -, , : - 10 .

    .3 , -, 10 .


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      • RST (Rhetorical Text Structure) [Mann and Thompson, 1988].

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      • 45 . : (nucleus) (satellite)

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    5065184

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    • , [Hovy 1993] [Paris 1993]


    Sacerdoti 1977

    [Sacerdoti 1977]:

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    Text mckeown 1985

    . TEXT [McKeown 1985].

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      • - (Office of Naval Research (ONR)) , [Chen, 1976]

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    , (, 1989)

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    • TEXT [Sinder 1979]


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    • SPL (Sentence Plan Language) [Kasper 1989]

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      -


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    (s0 / study

    :actor (Anni-Albers / female)

    :accompaniment (Martin-Brandenburg / male)

    :actee (x1 / art)

    :temporal-locating (x2 / three-d-time :year 1916-1919))

    . 1: SPL.

    1916-1919


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    5065184

    • - ( ) Upper Model

    • Upper Model (UM) .

    • Upper Model , KPML.

    • Upper Model, 150 . Upper Model .


    5065184

    • :

      • - (SFG: [Halliday 1994], KPML [Bateman 1996]),

      • tree-adjoining grammars (TAG: [Danlos 2000], TagGen)

      • - (MTM: [Melcuk 1988], RealPro [Lavoie and Rambow 1997]).


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