Dr leah jones yr athro professor richard hastings dr vaso tostika
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Ymwybyddiaeth O falgar er L les Rhieni P lant ag A nableddau Deallusol a D atblygiadol Mindfulness-Based Support for Parents of Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. Dr Leah Jones Yr Athro / Professor Richard Hastings Dr Vaso Tostika.

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Dr Leah Jones Yr Athro / Professor Richard Hastings Dr Vaso Tostika

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Dr leah jones yr athro professor richard hastings dr vaso tostika

YmwybyddiaethOfalgarerLlesRhieniPlant agAnableddauDeallusol a DatblygiadolMindfulness-Based Support for Parents of Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Dr Leah Jones

YrAthro / Professor Richard Hastings

DrVasoTostika


Dr leah jones yr athro professor richard hastings dr vaso tostika

Ymwybyddiaethofalgarerllesrhieni plant aganableddaudeallusola datblygiadolMindfulness-Based Support for Parents of Children with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

  • Pam foangencefnogi’rrhieniyma? Why do these parents need supporting?

  • Pam ymwybyddiaethofalgar? Why mindfulness?

  • Datblygucwrsargyferrhieni Developing a course for parents

  • Cynnal y cwrsyngNgogleddCymru Hosting a course in North Wales

  • Gwerthuso’rcwrs Evaluating the course


Pam fo angen cefnogi r rhieni yma why do these parents need supporting

Pam foangencefnogi’rrhieniyma?Why do these parents need supporting?

  • Rhieni plant aganableddau- ynenwedigawtistiaeth- ynadroddlefelauuchel o ofid, yncynnwysstraen, gorbryder ac iselderParents of children with disabilities- autism in particular- report elevated levels of distress, including stress, anxiety and depression

  • Gofidyngysylltiedigagymddygiad plant, ynogystalâffactoraueraill, e.e. statwseconomaidd, rhwydwaithcefnogol, brwydro am wasanaethauDistress associated with child behaviours, as well as other factors, e.g. economic status, support network, battling for services

  • Nidpobrhiantsyddyndioddef;mae’nbwysigdarganfodsutfodrhaiynaddasu/ymdopiynfwyeffeithiol nag eraillNot all parents experience negative outcomes; it’s important to understand how some paretns adjust more effectively than others

  • Tystiolaethfodprosesaugwybyddolsy’ngysylltiedigagymwybyddiaethynchwaraerhanmewnlles y rhienisyddynaddasuyn well (Jones et al, 2013) Evidence to suggest psychological processes associated with mindfulness are involved in better adjusted parents


Beth yw ymwybyddiaeth ofalgar what is mindfulness

Beth ywymwybyddiaethofalgar?What is mindfulness?

  • Talusylwynfwriadol at brofiadaucorfforol (meddyliau, ymdeimladaucorfforol, emosiynau, ymddygiad) fel y maentyndigwyddyn y foment Deliberately attending to our bodily experiences (thoughts, sensations, emotions and behaviours) whilst they unfold in the present moment

  • Ynchwilfrydig a gydag ‘meddwldechreuwr’ With curiosity and a ‘beginners mind’

  • Hebfarnu Without judgment

  • Hebgeisionewidy profiad Accepting without trying to change the experience

  • HebymatebynawtomatigWithout reacting automatically


Sut i feithrin ymwybyddiaeth ofalgar how to cultivate mindfulness

Sutifeithrinymwybyddiaethofalgar?How to cultivate mindfulness?

  • CaiffeiddatblygudrwyymarferionmyfyrdodIt is developed through meditating


Wrth f eithrin yr ymwybyddiaeth yma gallem by fostering a mindful approach we are able to

Wrthfeithrinyrymwybyddiaethymagallem:By fostering a mindful approach we are able to:

  • Gweldeinprofiadauynglir, a dewissutiymateb,ynlleymatebynawtomatigSee our experiences more clearly and choose how to respond rather than react automatically

  • Troituag at anawsterau a sialensiau Turn towards difficulties and challenges

  • Adnabodpatrymauymdeimladaucorfforol, emosiynau, meddyliau, ac ymddygiad Recognize sensations, emotions, thoughts and behaviours

  • Cydnabod, caniatau a derbyneinprofiadau Recognize, allow and accept experiences

  • Camu’nôl Take a step back

  • Sylwiar a gwerthfawrogiprofiadaudymunol Notice and appreciate positive experiences


Datblygu cwrs ar gyfer rieni developing a course for parents

DatblygucwrsargyferrieniDeveloping a course for parents

  • Mae ynagyrsiauymwybyddiaethwedieusefydlu: There are established mindfulness courses:

    Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)

    Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

  • Gwnaethomni (gydaGanolfanYmwybyddiaethOfalgarYmchwil ac Ymarfer, Prifysgol Bangor) ddatblygucwrsnewyddargyferrieni: We developed a new course for parents in collaboration with the Centre for Mindfulness Research and Practice:

    Mindfulness-Based Well-Being course for Parents (MBW-P)

  • Wedieisefydluar MBSR, ondymarferionbyrrach, a deunyddmwypenodolargyferrieni, a mwy o bwyslaisarhunan-drugareddBased on MBSR, with shorter practices, materials more specific to paretns, and with greater emphasis on self-compassion


Dr leah jones yr athro professor richard hastings dr vaso tostika

CynnwysCwrsYmwybyddiaethOfalgarerLlesRhieniMindfuless-Based Wellbeing Course-Parent Course Content

Gweithgareddauymarfercartref bob wythnosynseiliedigargynnwysdosbarthyrwythnoshwnnw / Weekly home practices basaed of content of that week’s session


Cynnal y cwrs yng ngogledd cymru hosting the course in north wales

Cynnal y cwrsyngNgogleddCymruHosting the course in North Wales

  • 3 cwrsmewn 3 ysgolAnghenionArbennig 3 courses in 3 Special Educational Schools

  • Dros 300 gwahoddiad- 10% ynymateb Over 300 paretns invited- 10% responded

  • O’rrhainwnaeth 21 rhiantyngwblhaucwrs (18 mam, a 3 tad; 1 cwpl) Of which 21 paretns completed a couse (18 mothers, 3 fathers, 1 couple)

  • 17 rhiantyncyd-fywgydaphartner, 4 ynsengl17 parents were cohabiting with a partner, 4 paretns were single

  • 44.65 mlwyddoedargyfartaleddOn average 44.65 years of age

  • 16 rhiantyngweithio, 5 ynddi-waith16 parents were employed, 5 unemployed

  • Canolrifincwmteulu £25,000- £35,000 Modal household income £25,000-£25,000


Cynnal y cwrs yng ngogledd cymru hosting the course in north wales1

Cynnal y cwrsyngNgogleddCymruHosting the course in North Wales

  • Plant y rhieniyn 10.53 mlwyddoed, argyfartaledd Parents’ children were on average 10.53 years of age

  • Wediderbyn diagnosis 5.11 blyneddyngynharachChildren received their diagnosis on average 5.11 years previously

  • 16 diagnosis o AnhwylderSbectrwmAwtistiaeth16 children had a disganosis of an Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • 1 x syndrom Down / Down syndrome; 2 x ParlysyrYmennydd/ Cerebral Palsy; 2 x anabledddeallusolcyffredinol/ general learning disability

  • 13 x bachgen/ boys; 8 x merch/girls

  • 15 o’r pant mewnysgolangenionarbennig/ 15 children attending a special educational school

  • I gydynbywgartraheforhieni/ all children living at home with parents


Gwerthuso r cwrs evaluating the course

Gwerthuso’rCwrsEvaluating the Course

  • Rhieniyncwblhaupecyn o holiaduroncyn ac wedi’rcwrsParents complete a questionnaire pack before and after the course

  • Cyfranwyrynsylweddol: Participants were significantly:

    Mwyymwybodol/ more mindful (p = .008; d = 0.49)

    Mwyhunandosturiol/ more self-compassioante(p = .039; d = 0.39)

    Llaidanstraen/ less stressed (p = .031; d = 0.49)

  • Erddimynsylweddol, roeddhefydnewidiadaumewnlefelau: gorbryder, iselder a phrofiadaucadarnhaolAlthough not to significant levels, there were positive changes to levels of anxiety, depression and positive gains


Boddhad gyda wahanol agweddau r cwrs satisfaction with different aspects of the course

Boddhadgydawahanolagweddau’rcwrs Satisfaction with different aspects of the course


Casgliadau conclusions

Casgliadau/ Conclusions

  • Mae’nanodddodigasgliadpenodolwediastudiaeth ‘peilot’ It’s difficult to come to definitive conclusions following a pilot study

  • Mae’rcanlyniadauynawgrymu bod hyfforddiantymwybyddiaethofalgarynfuddiolirieni, ac ynannogymchwiliadpellach The results do suggest that mindfulness-based support is beneficial to parents and therefore warrants further investigation


Adnoddau resources

Adnoddau / Resources

www.bangor.ac.uk/mindfulness (CMRP Bangor)

www.bemindful.co.uk(Mental Health Foundation)

www.bemindfulonline.com (Mental Health Foundation)

www.franticworld.com/ (Finding Peace in a Frantic World)


Diolch am wrando thank you for listening

Diolch am wrandoThank you for listening

  • Am fanylionpellachcysylltwchâ:

    For further information please contact:

    [email protected]


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