Taking it to Writing. January 10, 2014 Weber School District. Housekeeping. Be sure to sign roll Cell phones turned off and put away Sitting with team from school Write down ideas to share during discussion times 20 minute break at 9:50. National Commission on Writing (2003).
January 10, 2014
Weber School District
Be sure to sign roll
Cell phones turned off and put away
Sitting with team from school
Write down ideas to share during discussion times
20 minute break at 9:50
“Writing today is not a frill for the few, but an essential skill for the many.”
Writing is the most difficult of all language skills.
It is acquired the latest, mastered by the fewest, and learned with the most effort over the longest period of time.
(D. Johnson & H. Myklebust, 1967)
Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Dept. of Ed, 2012
http://ies.ed.gov/ncee and http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/ wwc/publications_reviews.aspx#pubsearch.
Writing well involves more than simply documenting ideas as they come to mind. It is a process that requires that the writer think carefully about the purpose for writing, plan what to say, plan how to say it, and understand what the reader needs to know.
Teachers can help students become effective writers by teaching a variety of strategies for carrying out each component of the writing process and by supporting students in applying the strategies until they are able to do so independently.
Generating Ideas – what do I have to say?
Setting goals – for what purpose am I writing?
Organizing ideas – in what form will I express my thoughts?
Louisa Moats (2013)
Reading from the reader’s perspective: Is the message complete, logical, written with conventional symbols and grammar?
Revising, editing: Did I say what I wanted to say? Did I reach my audience? Are the conventions respected? What will add interest?
Critical skills for our grade level
Writing places multiple simultaneous demands on the writer. Mastering the foundational skills of good writing, including handwriting, spelling, sentence construction, and typing, allows students to devote more of their attention to composing written texts by utilizing the strategies and techniques associated with the writing process.
in the form of handwriting, is a crucial component in setting up brain systems for reading acquisition.”
Karin Harman James, 2011
(Handwriting Research: Impact On the Brain and Literacy Development, Zaner-Bloser, 2012)
“How legibly and quickly students write letters influences their success in school.”
Dr. Steve Graham
…Most school work is still done by hand.
When kindergarten students are learning to write letters, teachers should have them begin on a vertical surface.
Can Enhance Gross-to-Fine
Motor Skill Development
American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 2012
DO Model and Teach correct grip, hand preference and helping hand.
Very young students can’t be expected to write well-formed letters or to accurately size or space them.
“Tip, Flip, Grip”
ball in hand
short (golf) pencils, “Pip Squeaks”
Early on, children may successfully change a poor pencil grip.
Poor pencil position can cause fatigue and discomfort.
Model and reinforce a good pencil grip.
Simple is better.
Use “Apps” for Guided “complicated.”Independent Practice
Zaner-Bloser Handwriting - iOS Apps
There Are 4 Zaner-Bloser HW iTunes Apps
Using appropriate handwriting paper enables supportive scaffolding and gradual release of responsibility
Near grade (2nd/3rd) level reading proficiency
The ability to write legibly in manuscript
The ability to recognize cursive letters
NO MOREThan15 Minutes of InstructionPER DAY
5 “complicated.”Minutes of Direct Instruction10 minutes of Guided and/or Independent PracticeSelf-evaluationAutomaticity and FluencyAcademic Success!!