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NOBEL WP2 Meeting. Alcatel CIT D27 TE planned activities Madrid, 11-13.04.05. D27 TE planned contributions. Multicriteria Routing Algorithms: end-to-end simulation results of proposals described in D17

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NOBEL WP2 Meeting

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Nobel wp2 meeting

NOBEL WP2 Meeting

Alcatel CIT

D27 TE planned activities

Madrid, 11-13.04.05


D27 te planned contributions

D27 TE planned contributions

  • Multicriteria Routing Algorithms: end-to-end simulation results of proposals described in D17

  • Virtual Topology optimisation (IP/MPLS over Transport): include protection in virtual topology design and optimisation of cost function in case of IP/MPLS over SONET/SDH

  • Traffic Modelling: traces analysis (from UST-IKR) and confrontation with flow model


D27 te multi criteria routing 1 2004 achievements and plans for 2005

D27 TE: Multi-criteria routing (1)2004 achievements and plans for 2005

  • In 2004: Proposal of an RMC Algorithm (Routing with Multiple Criteria):

    • fast, network state-sensitive

      • Multi-criteria: transit delay, bandwidth, hop count, administrative cost

      • Multi-constrained: on above metrics + on the link CoS

    • Adaptive: choice of criteria customized to operator’s policy and current network management priorities

  • Planned in 2005 :

    • Load Balancing based on RMC output : use of the multiple routes per destinations that are output by RMC.

    • Goal: Without additional network capacity,

      • Increase network capacity and availability (operator friendly)

      • Increase goodput and fairness (user friendly)

      • Minimize packet loss and traffic oscillations


D27 te multi criteria routing 2 plans for 2005 cont

D27 TE: Multi-criteria routing (2)plans for 2005 (cont.)

  • RMC Algorithm designed and tested for distributed IP

    • Prevention of traffic oscillation and deviation

    • LS DB synchronization mechanisms

  • … but adaptable to MPLS

    • No traffic deviation issues

    • LS DB synchronization is simpler

  • Core network & end2end level performance assessment

    • Optimal traffic measurement and information flooding (planned)

    • Control mechanisms and fine-tuning:

      • LS Database Synchronization (specified)

      • Triggering mechanisms (on-alarms, on-demand) (tests ongoing)

      • Sensitivity analysis : (to load threshold) (simulation ongoing)

  • Progressive flow shifting: (specified)

    • flow shifting granularity, pace and duration (simulation ongoing)


D27 te multi criteria routing 3 plans for 2005 cont

D27 TE: Multi-criteria routing (3)plans for 2005 (cont.)

  • Network & end2end level performance assessment: ongoing

    RMC implemented on an end2end TCP flows simulator: existing topology, 20 core nodes, different link capacities

    • Up to 900 000 flows on up to 300 000 DSL terminal nodes simulated

    • Network-level evaluation: Link utilization, Congestion analysis, Optimization/Sensitivity.

    • User-level evaluation: Goodputperapplication or per terminal type, Fluctuations of throughput of each application, delays, loss rate etc

  • First simulation results on distributed IP with synchronized LS DB: overall link load increase

    • Meet the above mentionned goals


D27 te multi criteria routing 4 issues and questions

D27 TE: Multi-criteria routing (4)issues and questions

  • DDTE (Distributed Dynamic Traffic Engineering) and resiliency

    • Contribution of load-sensitive mono or multi-path routing : what performances are expected ?

      • Which metrics for QoR? Bounds on each metric?

    • Priorities over multiple contraints: Restoration Time, Satisfaction rate of demands, …

      • E.g. Protection with Time < 50ms, but for what Blocking probability for connections?

  • Need for input data

    • Examples of core networks with different link capacities

    • Traffic data (ongoing in NOBEL) in « normal case »

    • Traffic data with cases of local and global load increase

    • Scenarii of link and router failures

      Contact: [email protected]


D27 te virtual topology design 1

D27 TE: Virtual topology design (1)

  • 2004 (D17): Packet over Circuit e.g. IP/MPLS o OTH (SDH, OTN)

    • Virtual topology design:

      • method used to provide intermediate results to FT for their study case “Impact of optical layer pass-through in core networks” in D15

    • The tool actually provides dimensioning results

  • 2005 (D27): Evolutions

    • Simplified support of statistical multiplexing

      • Today, the tool use a flow based modelisation to estimate traffic aggregation in the path computation to create the virtual topology

      • Imposes to have detailed traffic matrices where individual flows per type of applications are described

      • On the contrary, most Reference networks use simpler traffic matrices (Mean traffic, Peak traffic, or even directly SONET/SDH traffic matrix)

    • A simplified modeling of stat mux compatible with actual traffic matrices format is interesting for coarser analysis


D27 te virtual topology design 2

D27 TE: Virtual topology design (2)

  • 2005 (D27): Evolutions (con’t)

    • Refinements of cost and inter-working models

      • Virtual Topology creation relies today only on a simple cost ratio between a Router port and a XC port

      • Need a finer granularity for the cost ratio depending on functionality required (or not) on each type of line cards

    • Support of Protection and restoration

      • Today virtual topology without protection

      • Improve with 1+1 and shared mesh in transport, FRR at IP level

    • Possible introduction of third layer (WDM bypass)

      Contacts: {martin.vigoureux or nicolas.le_sauze} @alcatel.fr


D27 traffic modelling

D27 Traffic modelling:

  • Note: not a big activity (1MM in 2005)!

    • The main goal is to analyse a real trace and compare mesaured aggregated flow characteristics with the flow (/Guerin) bufferless model

  • Analysis of traces from UST-IKR

    • Link 100 Mbit/s, close to access, but already quite high bit-rate and aggregated between all the students

    • Example at peak hour: Sunday 31/10/2004, around 19:00 [average ~ 34 Mbit/s]

    • Goal:

      • Analyse time characteristics: evolution of the Coefficient of Variation of the aggregated flow at different time scales relevant with delays encountered in transport networks

      • Could CoV (t) be approximated by CoV(0) as done in a bufferless model?

    • Should be able to present some results at next meeting

      Contact: {ludovic.noirie or nicolas.le_sauze} @alcatel.fr


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