Israel and its diaspora how to attract diaspora resources for national development
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Israel and its Diaspora: How to Attract Diaspora Resources for National Development. Danas Conference on “Expatriate Nationals and Economic Development of Serbia” Belgrade, April 20 th , 2011. Diaspora Return Migration in Comparative Perspective. Why diasporas return home?

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Israel and its Diaspora: How to Attract Diaspora Resources for National Development

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Israel and its diaspora how to attract diaspora resources for national development

Israel and its Diaspora: How to Attract Diaspora Resources for National Development

Danas Conference on “Expatriate Nationals and Economic Development of Serbia”

Belgrade, April 20th, 2011


Diaspora return migration in comparative perspective

Diaspora Return Migration in Comparative Perspective

Why diasporas return home?

Different Models: “Asian Model” v. “European Model”

What can be done in terms of policy to promote return


Israel and its diaspora how to attract diaspora resources for national development

Israel’s Diaspora

Successes in Mobilizing Diaspora Resources

Diaspora Return Migration

Diaspora Philanthropy

Israel as a Case- Study


Context of immigrant integration in israel

Context of Immigrant Integration In Israel

Ideological Context: Law of Return, Returning residents, non-Jewish migrants (e.g. refugees, labor migrants, etc.)

Institutional Framework

Ministry of Immigrant Absorption

Jewish Agency (outreach diaspora communities)

Municipalities

NGOs, Immigrant Associations


Policies promoting immigration integration

Policies Promoting Immigration/Integration

Housing

Employment

Learning the Language

Education

Information Services


Relevance for other countries

Relevance for Other Countries

Integration Successes v. Challenges

Before development of policy must know characteristics/needs potential returnees

Equality between immigrants and locals

Target general population or specific professions?

Permanent v. Temporary/Circular Return Movements


Israel s diaspora policy a framework for diaspora mobilization

Israel’s Diaspora “Policy”: a Framework for Diaspora Mobilization

  • Institutional Framework

    • Governmental Agencies

    • Civil Society

    • Business Sector

  • “Managing” the Diaspora-Homeland Relationship

    • Joint Governance, twinning

    • Organized visits: donor missions, professional exchanges, educational community tours, Birthright, visits of Israelis to diaspora communities


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • Differences

  • Need for an institutional framework

  • Formal institutions need to be augmented by civil society initiatives

  • Collaborative activities require joint governance

  • Need independent/transparent mechanisms for transfer of philanthropic funds

  • Engage the youth ("next generation")


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