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Focus on Grammar. Review Session. Pronouns: Say the pronoun for each noun. Turki He Amal She Ms. Wilder She The students They People They My book It My family it. Remember: Pronouns and verbs must agree!. She do (homework) She does her homework. They do (homework)

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Focus on Grammar

Review Session


Pronouns: Say the pronoun for each noun

  • Turki

  • He

  • Amal

  • She

  • Ms. Wilder

  • She

  • The students

  • They

  • People

  • They

  • My book

  • It

  • My family

  • it


Remember: Pronouns and verbs must agree!

  • She do (homework)

  • She does her homework.

  • They do (homework)

  • They do their homework.

  • I do (homework)

  • I do my homework.


Remember: Pronouns and verbs must agree!

  • People be (happy)

  • They are happy.

  • My family be (big)

  • It is big.

  • People be (busy)

  • They are busy.


There is/ There are

  • There is/ there are is used to state that something exists.


What’s in a room?

  • Talk with your partners. Tell them what you see in this room. Use there is/there are.


Be Vs. Have


Adjectives for Describing people

  • A man with no hair

  • Bald

  • The opposite of short…

  • Tall

  • Used to describe how many years someone is

  • _____ years old.

  • Dark color of eyes

  • Brown

  • Length of something

  • Long/short – for things not height.


Nouns for describing people’s appearance

  • Glasses

  • Hair

  • Beard

  • Man/Woman

  • T-shirt

  • Neighbor

  • Business woman/man

  • Scar

  • Earring


Be/Have

Be is used with adjectives. Have is used with nouns. Complete these sentences:

She ______ a blue t-shirt.

  • Has

    He _____ bald.

  • Is

    She _____ gold earrings.

  • Has

    He ______ a beard.

  • Has

    She ______ 21 years old

  • is


Trying it

Partner a: Describe a friend to your partner. Include some nouns and some adjectives.

Partner b: Listen to the description. Can you imagine the person they are describing, or do you need more information? Do the verbs seem to match the nouns/adjectives?


Present Continuous vs. Simple Past

  • Simple past: habits, facts and routines

  • Present Continuous (present progressive): NOW, or general now


On Holiday

Directions: Use the words below and write a post card to a friend about your holiday in Paris, France. You must use all these verbs, and include both simple present and present progressive.

Verbs

  • Have

  • Go

  • Take

  • Enjoy

  • Listen

  • Stay

  • Show

  • Go

  • Love


Do/Does and Yes/No questions


Questions

To make a yes/no question form your sentence like this:

Do/Does + subject + base verb+ object or complement

Example: Mary goes shopping becomes:

Does Mary go shopping.


Questions: Two people are talking about their husbands. Change the following statements to questions. (p. 5)

  • Jim helps with the kids.

  • Steve washes the dirty dishes.

  • Steve does not do the ironing.

  • Jim never goes out to dinner with me.

  • Steve often talks about things with you?.


Questions: Two people are talking about their husbands. Change the following statements to questions. (p. 5)

  • Jim helps with the kids.

  • Does Jim help with the kids?

  • Steve washes the dirty dishes.

  • Does Steve wash the dirty dishes?

  • Steve does not do the ironing.

  • Does Steve do the ironing?

  • Jim never goes out to dinner with me.

  • Does Jim ever go out to dinner with you?

  • Steve often talks about things with you?.

  • Does Steve talk about things with you?


Questions: Ask your partner about what he/she does after school. Use do/does in your questions.

  • Example:

    Partner 1:Do you play video games after school?

    Partner 2: Yes, I do.

    Partner 1: Do you eat snacks after school?

    Partner 2: No, I wait for dinner.

    *NOTICE: The answers for partner 2 can only be Yes or No.


No vs. Not

  • When can we use notin a sentence?

  • When can we use no in a sentence?

    Discuss with your partner.


NOT: 1.) Use with adjectives

Example 1: I am nothappy.

How do we know that happy is an adjective?

Because it describes a noun. In this case the noun isI.

Example 2: He is nottall.

What is tall describing here?

Tall describes he.


Not 2.) use with (a + adjective + noun)

  • When there is an (a +adjective + noun) we use not.

  • Example: I am not a happy camper.

  • Without the adjective we would still use not.

  • Example: I am nota camper.


Not 2.) a + adjective + noun

MORE examples

  • Example: She is nota bad student.

    OR

  • Example: She is nota (bad) student.

  • She is not a student.

    *With or without the adjective we still use notwith (a + [adjective] + noun), however the meaning of the two sentences is very different.


NOT 3.) is + NOT + verb

  • When the negative is followed by a verb, use not. This will usually be an –ing verb

    Example 1: He is not studying.

    Example 2: She is notsleeping

    Example 3: They arenot leaving.

    Example 4: We aren’t meeting at the café, we are meeting at the movie theater.


NO 1.) no + noun

  • The negative no should be used when describing a general nouns, plural nouns, or any non-count noun. Nois used with no article (no an, an, the…). “no means no article”

    Example:

  • There are nochildren here.

  • There is no coffee available.

  • I am nofool.

  • Is the word children plural or singular? Is the word coffee count or non-count. Is fool a noun or an adjective?


NO 2.) NO + adjective + noun

When there is no article, but there is an adjective + a general, plural, or non-count noun, use NO.

Example 1: I have no small pets. * notice that pets is plural, so there is no article. (So we use not.)

Example 2: I have noclean clothes to wear. I need to do the laundry.


Not/Not


Practice

Now, write these phrases into your notes with the correct negative. Fill in the blank with no or not.

  • She’s got _____free time this week.

  • He’s ______ studying very hard this week

  • He is ______ interesting.

  • They are ______ feeling very well.

  • She’s ______ very patient with her friends.

  • He is _____ a very mean person.

  • We are _______ very lazy people.

  • I have _______ unintelligent friends.

  • They do _____ know my teacher.


Describe yourself

Directions: Describe yourself to your partner using the negative. You can also use the positive, but make sure to practice using no and not.


Count Vs. Uncountable Nouns

  • Some words are countable, and some words are not countable.

    Example:


Practice (p. 8)

Directions: Now draw a chart on your paper just like the example. Make one column countable and one column uncountable.

Put these words into the right column on your paper:


Practice (p. 8)

Answers:


Countable vs. Uncountable

  • Some words can be used with uncountable nouns and some can only be used with countable. Do you know which of these words can go with countable nouns?

  • Some

  • Many

  • Much

  • A

  • Several

  • One, two three….


Countable vs. Uncountable

  • Let’s see…

  • There issome luggage by the window. (uncountable)

    • There aresome suitcases by the window. (countable)

  • I have many shirts. (countable ONLY)

  • There is too muchfurniture to move today. (uncountable ONLY)

  • I have a blue chair. (countable ONLY)

  • We have several largechairs in that room. (countable (ONLY)

  • One, two three…. (countable ONLY)


Shopping Spree!

You just won a shopping spree! What will you buy with your free money? Tell your partner.

Example: I will buy some designer clothes. I will buy a video game. I will buy some furniture.


Simple past tense

Directions: Talk with your partner.

  • How is the simple past tense formed with regular verbs?

  • How is the simple past formed with irregular verbs?

  • Now complete the irregular verbs worksheet.


Prepositions of time

Directions: Fill in the blank.

  • I can be there ____ 3:00 p.m.

  • The receptionist called me ____ the morning.

  • She has an appointment _____ February.

  • He has an appointment ______ the end of February.

  • She went to the doctor ____ September 3rd, 2011.

  • I had a snack ____ midnight.


Prepositions of time

Answers

  • at

  • in

  • in

  • at

  • on

  • at


Prepositions of Time and location

  • Turn to p. 14 in your books.

  • Compare your answers to the homework with your partner.

  • Complete “Checking together”

  • Activity- see handout.


THE END!


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