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What Is Philosophy? Why were the Greeks “the fathers of philosophy? PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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What Is Philosophy? Why were the Greeks “the fathers of philosophy?. Greek Philosophers. Greek Philosophers. Philosophers – “lovers of wisdom” Sophists – “workers of wisdom” – Teachers. The Three Most Famous Philosophers. Socrates Plato Aristotle.

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What Is Philosophy? Why were the Greeks “the fathers of philosophy?

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What Is Philosophy?

Why were the Greeks “the fathers of philosophy?


Greek Philosophers


Greek Philosophers

  • Philosophers – “lovers of wisdom”

  • Sophists – “workers of wisdom”

    – Teachers


The Three Most Famous Philosophers

Socrates Plato Aristotle


Socrates469 - 399 B.C.

  • Dialectic method

    • Conversational

    • Based upon reason and logic

  • Popular among the youth/students (Plato)

  • Placed on trial for impiety and corrupting the youth

  • Was executed in 399 – drank poison hemlock


  • Socrates469 - 399 B.C.

    Socratic Method:

    • Admit ignorance.

    • Never rely on tradition.

    • Continuously question.

    • Formulate your own opinions.

    • Test your opinions with others.


    Socrates469 - 399 B.C.

    “The unexamined life is not worth living.”


    Plato427 - 347 B.C.

    • Preserved the work of Socrates

    • Founded the Academy

    • Wrote dialogues

      • The Republic – most important dialogue


    Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.

    • Most famous student of Plato

    • Most famous teacher of Alexander the Great

    • Developed Logic as a field of study


    Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.

    • Views on Government

      • Good Governments:

        • Monarchy

        • Aristocracy

        • Democracy

      • Bad Governments:

        • Tyranny

        • Oligarchy

        • Mob Rule


    Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.

    • “All things in moderation”

    • “Man is by nature a political animal.”


    Hippocrates460-377 B.C.

    • Founded a school of medicine

    • Rejected that sickness comes from the gods

    • “Holistic” healing

      • Hygiene

      • Diet

      • Curative powers of nature

  • The Hippocratic Oath


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