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What Is Philosophy? Why were the Greeks “the fathers of philosophy?

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What Is Philosophy? Why were the Greeks “the fathers of philosophy?. Greek Philosophers. Greek Philosophers. Philosophers – “lovers of wisdom” Sophists – “workers of wisdom” – Teachers. The Three Most Famous Philosophers. Socrates Plato Aristotle.

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What Is Philosophy?

Why were the Greeks “the fathers of philosophy?

greek philosophers1
Greek Philosophers
  • Philosophers – “lovers of wisdom”
  • Sophists – “workers of wisdom”

– Teachers

the three most famous philosophers
The Three Most Famous Philosophers

Socrates Plato Aristotle

socrates 469 399 b c
Socrates469 - 399 B.C.
  • Dialectic method
      • Conversational
      • Based upon reason and logic
  • Popular among the youth/students (Plato)
  • Placed on trial for impiety and corrupting the youth
  • Was executed in 399 – drank poison hemlock
socrates 469 399 b c1
Socrates469 - 399 B.C.

Socratic Method:

  • Admit ignorance.
  • Never rely on tradition.
  • Continuously question.
  • Formulate your own opinions.
  • Test your opinions with others.
socrates 469 399 b c2
Socrates469 - 399 B.C.

“The unexamined life is not worth living.”

plato 427 347 b c
Plato427 - 347 B.C.
  • Preserved the work of Socrates
  • Founded the Academy
  • Wrote dialogues
        • The Republic – most important dialogue
aristotle 384 322 b c
Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.
  • Most famous student of Plato
  • Most famous teacher of Alexander the Great
  • Developed Logic as a field of study
aristotle 384 322 b c1
Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.
  • Views on Government
      • Good Governments:
        • Monarchy
        • Aristocracy
        • Democracy
      • Bad Governments:
        • Tyranny
        • Oligarchy
        • Mob Rule
aristotle 384 322 b c2
Aristotle384 - 322 B.C.
  • “All things in moderation”
  • “Man is by nature a political animal.”
hippocrates 460 377 b c
Hippocrates460-377 B.C.
  • Founded a school of medicine
  • Rejected that sickness comes from the gods
  • “Holistic” healing
      • Hygiene
      • Diet
      • Curative powers of nature
  • The Hippocratic Oath
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