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U.S. Constitution. Week of 3/17. Section III. Treason Continued: Cannot be convicted unless there are two witnesses or you confess in an open court Congress declares punishment Worst- death. Or you could be sentenced to jail (at least 5 years) and a fine. Section III. Treason Examples:

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U s constitution

U.S. Constitution

Week of 3/17

Section iii
Section III.

  • Treason Continued:

    • Cannot be convicted unless there are two witnesses or you confess in an open court

    • Congress declares punishment

      • Worst- death. Or you could be sentenced to jail (at least 5 years) and a fine.

Section iii1
Section III.

  • Treason Examples:

    • Mary Surratt

      • John Wilkes Booth was staying at her house while the planned the assassination of Lincoln.

      • Put on trial and got the death penalty

    • Tokyo Rose- Iva Toguri

      • American citizen, lived in Cali, college student

      • Has an aunt in Japan who is sick and goes there to take care of her.

      • While she is there, WWII breaks out.

      • Japanese force her to work for them broadcasting (DJ)

        • Job was to depress/lower the spirits of American soldiers

        • Japanese didn’t know difference and she made them laugh

      • She got put on trial and sentenced to prison 10 years and $10,000 fine

      • She eventually moved to Chicago and Ford pardoned her

Section iii2
Section III.

  • Treason continued

    • 3. Can you be tried during peacetime?

      • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

        • Charged with giving secrets of the atomic bomb to the Soviet Union

        • Convicted and got death penalty

Article iv section i

  • Every state has to honor or recognize things like: records, public acts

    • birth certificates

    • diplomas

    • credit cards

    • marriage licenses

    • drivers licenses

Section ii
Section II.

  • Rights of citizens are same for everyone everywhere.

  • Extradition:

    • If you commit a crime in IL and flee to Indiana, the IL police cannot go into Indiana, they must ASK the state, and the state might refuse.

    • Must respect each states/towns jurisdiction, but usually they will all work together

    • Definition: asking for a criminal to return for a trial

Section iii3
Section III.

  • Congress would have to agree and both states would have to agree.

    • West Virginia and Virginia have separated

    • Rural Colorado would like to separate

    • Cali- a section that also wants to separate from San Fran and LA

Section iv
Section IV.

  • Each state is guaranteed a republican form of government.

    • People will always be able to vote for who they want to represent them

Article v

  • To amend means to change

    • Steps to amend:

      • 1. Has to be a 2/3rds vote in both houses of Congress

      • 2. 3/4ths approval of the 50 states (38 states must accept it)

        • NOT A 3/4ths VOTE in state gov’t

    • Suffrage means to vote. Congress can never have an amendment to change the equal number of senators in the senate

Article vi

  • Federal Supremacy

    • National gov’t is the supreme law of the land. State law cannot come in conflict with federal law.

      • If Federal law says you can’t ban handguns. IL can’t then go and ban handguns

  • No religion tests are required if you are working for the government

Article vii

  • Ratify: to approve

  • 9/13 original states ratified the constitution

  • Date of signing of this constitution: September 17th, 1787

  • 7 TOTAL articles in the constitution

Bill of rights
Bill of Rights

  • 1791 is when they became a part of the constitution

  • I. Freedom of religion, speech, the press, to assemble, to petition

    • Religion Assemble Petition Press Speech (RAPPS)

    • Freedom OF religion NOT freedom FROM religion

    • Limits on free speech is that you cannot threat, cannot yell out fire, bad words/language, slander (speaking lies), libel (writing lies)

      • Can be sued even if you tell the truth- writing in an article that a man was gay when it had nothing to do with the rest of the article. It was just to hurt the man

      • Speech includes expression (wearing long hair)

    • Assemble: protests must be peaceful and have to have a permit

    • Petition: If you don’t like something, you can petition.

      • Timber Trails: Petitioned Western Springs not to build on the land

Bill of rights continued
Bill of Rights Continued

  • II. The right to have a gun shall not be taken away from you

    • Winnetka and Oak Park banned guns, but then one man in Chicago took his case to the Supreme Court. They ruled it was unconstitutional to ban guns.

  • III. Quartering of Soldiers: putting soldiers up in your homes- you cannot be forced to do this

    • in war time: Congress would have to pass a bill to allow

  • IV. Right to privacy. Police need a warrant to search your home and it has to be signed by a judge