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EN111. Lessons of writing for Bay Mills Community College students. Jump starting your writing. Your first writing topic is a composition of minimum 250-500 words on what is writing like to you

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EN111

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En111

EN111

Lessons of writing for Bay Mills Community College students


Jump starting your writing

Jump starting your writing

  • Your first writing topic is a composition of minimum 250-500 words on what is writing like to you

  • Purpose: Introduce yourself as a writer by finding creative comparisons for the act of writing (inform+entertain)

    Provide a writing sample that shows where your writing is at before you start this course

  • Audience: Your teacher and other students in the class

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Writing is a process

Writing is a process

  • Writing does not happen automatically

  • It is a series of steps that every writer has to follow one way or other:

  • PREWRITING

  • PLANNING

  • DRAFTING

  • REVISING

  • PROOFREADING

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Step one prewriting

STEP ONE: PREWRITING

  • Think before you write!

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Step two planning

STEP TWO: PLANNING

Start organizing what you have.

  • Cluster your ideas

  • Find a thesis or main idea

  • Make an outline

    Planning makes writing easy. Follow your outline like a roadmap or a blueprint.

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Step three drafting

STEP THREE: DRAFTING

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Step four revising

STEP FOUR: REVISING

  • Revision is seeing your writing with a new pair of eyes

  • Set your draft aside to be able to see it as “new”

  • Find friendly readers

  • Don’t be afraid of big changes

  • Keep what is good

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Step five proofread

STEP FIVE: PROOFREAD

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Using sources paraphrasing

USING SOURCES: Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing means retelling something that you read or heard in your own words:

Source (police report): “The signal was red.”

Paraphrasis: “The train was not allowed to proceed.”

Even when you paraphrase, you need to mention your source. This is called attribution:

  • The police report stated that the train was not allowed to proceed.

  • According to the police report, the train was not allowed to proceed.

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


Using sources quotation

USING SOURCES: Quotation

When you cannot or do not wish to change the words of your source, you must set the borrow information off by quotation marks. Attribution is part of quotation:

  • Wikipedia defines paraphrasing as “restatement of a text or passages, using other words.”

  • “Paraphrase is restatement of a text or passages,” says Wikipedia.

  • “Paraphrase,” according to Wikipedia, “is restatement of a text or passages, using other words.”

I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


What do we need to pay attention to

WHAT DO WE NEED TO PAY ATTENTION TO?

  • Always name your source and use a variety of verbs or phrases of attribution

  • Change most of the words from the source when you paraphrase

  • When you choose to quote, make sure

    • the borrowed words fit your own sentence

    • the borrowed words are exactly the same way as in your source

    • there are quotation marks around your borrowed words

    • Punctuation is correct

  • Longer quotes (longer than 40 words) are indented

  • I. Melis BMCC Fall, 2007


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