Classical prophecy
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Classical Prophecy. Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah 8 th Century BC. Judah Uzziah 783-742 Jotham 742-735 Ahaz 735-715 Hezekiah 715-687. Israel Jeroboam II 786-746 (assorted 746-737) Pekah 737-732 Hoshea 732-724. Kings of the Lands. Political History.

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Classical Prophecy

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Classical prophecy

Classical Prophecy

Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah

8th Century BC


Kings of the lands

Judah

Uzziah 783-742

Jotham 742-735

Ahaz 735-715

Hezekiah 715-687

Israel

Jeroboam II 786-746

(assorted 746-737)

Pekah 737-732

Hoshea 732-724

Kings of the Lands


Political history

Political History

  • Rezin of Syria (740-732) leads Syro-Ephraemite rebellion against Assyria

  • Tiglath-Pileser III attacks Samaria 737

  • Samaria falls to Sargon II 722/721

  • Sennacherib invades Judah 701


Prophets to the north

Prophets to the North

  • Amos

    • From Judah (the southern kingdom)

  • Hosea

    • Native to Israel (the northern kingdom)


Classical prophecy

Amos

  • Not mentioned outside own book

    • But compare “man of God” in 1 Kings 13

  • Identification

    • Amos 1:1

  • Was he a prophet?

    • Amos 7:10-17


Message of amos

Message of Amos

  • The Nations and Israel

    • Amos 1-2

  • Against Social Oppression

    • Amos 8:4-8

  • Call to Justice

    • Amos 5:14-15

  • Appendix

    • Amos 9:8b-15


Hosea

Hosea

  • Hosea marries the loose woman [women]

    • Hosea 1-3

  • Ephraim turning away and back

    • Hosea 5:9-6:6

  • Can God give Israel up?

    • Hosea 11


After fall of samaria

After Fall of Samaria

  • Judean “Escape” from Assyrian invasion

    • But as vassal state

  • Weakness of Assyria – moves to independence

    • Purification of religion [e.g., Hezekiah]

  • Nationalism and Self-righteousness

    • Possible absorption of northern remnants


Prophets to the south

Prophets to the South

  • Isaiah

    • Resident of Jerusalem

    • First “Major” Prophet

  • Micah

    • Resident of Moresheth-Gath

    • One of the book of the twelve


The book of isaiah

The Book of Isaiah

  • 1-39 Isaiah of Jerusalem

    • 24-27, 33-35 later traditions

    • 36-39 parallel 2 Kings

  • 40-66 Book of Consolation

    • 40-55 Second (Deutero) Isaiah

    • 56-66 Third (Trito) Isaiah


The call of isaiah

The “Call” of Isaiah

  • The Vision

    • Isaiah 6

  • Other “Calls”

    • Amos 7:14-17

    • Jeremiah 1:4-19

    • Ezekiel 1:4 - 3:15

    • Isaiah 40:1-8; 49:5-7


Message of isaiah 1

Message of Isaiah (1)

  • Centrality of Zion (Jerusalem)

    • Isaiah 2:2-4 [Micah 4:1-4]

  • Role of Davidic kingdom

    • Isaiah 11:1-3 (4-9)

  • Political results from lack of faith

    • Isaiah 7:10-25


Message of isaiah 2

Message of Isaiah (2)

  • Assyria and Israel (Judah)

    • Isaiah 10:5-23

  • Social inequity

    • Isaiah 5:8-17

  • God and God’s people

    • Isaiah 1:2-17


The prophet micah

The Prophet Micah

  • Samaria and Jerusalem in same boat

    • Micah 1:2-9

  • Judgment on civil and religious leaders

    • Micah 3

  • God’s case against God’s people

    • Micah 6:1-8

  • Hopeful additions

    • Micah 4:1 - 5:5 ; 7:18-20


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