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Pertemuan 20. Matakuliah: G0444 / MATERIAL DESIGN and TESTING Tahun : 2009. TESTING GRAMMAR. Whenever the teaching of grammar is thought necessary, then consideration should be given to the advisability of including a grammar component in achievement tests.

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Pertemuan 20

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Pertemuan 20

Pertemuan 20

Matakuliah: G0444 / MATERIAL DESIGN and TESTING

Tahun : 2009

Testing grammar


  • Whenever the teaching of grammar is thought necessary, then consideration should be given to the advisability of including a grammar component in achievement tests.

  • Whether or not grammar has an important place in an institution’s teaching, it has to be accepted that grammatical ability, or rather the lack of it, sets limits to what can be achieved in the way of skill performance.

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  • The successful writing of academic assignments, for example, must depend to some extent on command of more than the most elementary of grammatical structures.

  • In order to place students in the most appropriate class for the development of such skills, knowledge of a student’s grammatical ability would be very useful information. There appears to be room for a grammar component in at least some placement tests.

Techniques for grammar tests format



    These require the students to write a sentence equivalent in meaning to

    One that is given. It is helpful to give part of the paraphrase in order to

    restrict the students to the grammatical structure being tested. Thus :

    (a). Testing passive, past continuous form.

    When we arrived, a policeman was questioning the bank clerk.

    When we arrived, the bank clerk …………………………………

    (b). Testing present perfect with for.

    It is six years since I last saw him.

    I …………………………… six years.

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This technique can be used to test a variety of structures.

Mr. Cole wants a job in Mr. Gilbert’s export business. He has come for an interview.

Mr. Gilbert: Good morning, Mr. Cole. Please come in and sit down. Now let me see. (1) Which school ……………………?

Mr. Cole : Whitestone College.

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(a). Testing prepositions of place

(there is a picture of a room ):

John looked round the room. The book was still …… the table. The cat was ……the chair. He wondered what was ……the box……the telephone. (And so on)

(b). Testing articles

( students are required to write the, a or NA – No Article )

In England children go to ……school from Monday to Friday. …… school that Mary goes to is very small. She walks there each morning with ……friend. One morning they saw……man throwing ……stones and ……pieces of wood at ……dog. ……dog was afraid of ……man. (and so on)

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(c). Testing a variety of grammatical structures

When the old man died, ……was probably no great joy……heaven; and quite certainly little if any real grief in Charlbury Drive, the pleasantly unpretentious cul-de-sac……semi-detached houses to which he……retired.

(d).Testing sentence linking

( A one-word answer is required ):

The council must do something to improve transport in the city. ……, they will lose the next election.

Key for modified cloze

Key for modified cloze :

a). Preposition:Various structures :

1. on1. there

2. under / beneath2. in

3. in / inside3. of

4. near / beside4. had

(b). Articles :Sentence linking :

1. NAotherwise

2. The

3. a

4. a

5. NA

6. NA

7. a

8. The

9. the

Testing vocabulary


  • Any doubts about the advisability of testing grammar apply equally to the testing of vocabulary. Knowledge of vocabulary is essential to the development and demonstration of linguistic skills. But that doesn’t necessarily mean that it should be tested separately.

  • For those who believe that systematic teaching of vocabulary is desirable, vocabulary achievement tests are appreciated for their backwash effect.

Item writing

Item writing


a. Synonyms

b. Definition

c. Gap filling ( multiple choice )


a. Pictures

b. Definition

c. Gap filling

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