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ESEA-NCLB Reauthorization and Family Engagement: Federal Policy Update Vito Borrello Mollie Van Lieu Legislative Committee Member Senior Policy Strategist National PTA National PTA. Agenda. Family Engagement Family Engagement in Education Act ESEA overview

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ESEA-NCLB Reauthorization and Family Engagement:

Federal Policy Update

Vito Borrello Mollie Van Lieu

Legislative Committee Member Senior Policy Strategist

National PTA National PTA



  • Family Engagement
  • Family Engagement in Education Act
  • ESEA overview
  • Family Engagement in ESEA/waiver process
  • Discussion

Family Engagement Definition

From Dr. Heather Weiss from Harvard Family Research Project

First, family engagement is a shared responsibility in which schools and other community agencies and organizations are committed to reaching out to engage families in meaningful ways and in which families are committed to actively supporting their children\'s learning and development.

Second, family engagement is continuous across a child\'s life and entails enduring commitment but changing parent roles as children mature into young adulthood.

Third, effective family engagement cuts across and reinforces learning in the multiple settings where children learn- at home, in pre-kindergarten programs, in school, in after school programs, in faith-based institutions, and in the community.

family engagement reframing the work
Family Engagement: Reframing the Work

From the National Family, School, and Community Engagement Working Group

research positive student outcomes
Research | Positive Student Outcomes

Studies show that family engagement leads to:

  • Higher grades and test scores
  • Enrollment in higher-level programs/classes
  • Grade promotion and advanced credit accumulation
  • Adaptation to school and improved attendance
  • Better social skills and behavior
  • On-time graduation and post-secondary matriculation

Henderson, A., & Mapp, K. (2002). A new wave of evidence: The impact of school, family, and community connections on student achievement. Austin, TX: Southwest Educational Development Laboratory.

research from anthony byrk
Research from Anthony Byrk

Anthony S. Bryk is the ninth president of The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching

His current research and practice interests focus on the organizational redesign of schools and school systems and the integration of technology into schooling to enhance teaching and learning

The following were essential in improving Chicago’s Urban Schools

  • A coherent instructional guidance system
  • The school’s professional capacity
  • Strong parent-community-school ties
  • A student-centered learning climate
  • Leadership that drives change
need for teacher preparation in family engagement
Need for Teacher Preparation in Family Engagement

30% of current teachers surveyed have a satisfactory relationship with families

Gen Y teachers fear that their lack of preparation to engage families will lead to failure and burnout

national standards for family school partnerships
National Standards for Family School Partnerships

Welcoming all Families

Communicating Effectively

Supporting Student Success

Speaking up for Every Child

Sharing Power

Collaborating with Community


Family Engagement in existing ESEA law

  • Title I
  • Section 1118, Title I: mandates that school districts reserve at least 1% of their Title I funds for family engagement
    • Written policy for family engagement
  • Title V
  • Parental Information and Resource Centers (PIRCs)
    • Competitive grant administered by ED, 62 statewide centers building capacity of states and school districts to engage families

ESEA Reauthorization │Family Engagement in Education

  • PTA views reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) as an opportunity to:
  • Define what systemic, integrated, and sustainable family engagement in education is (and what it is not);
  • Set forth framework for investment in family engagement at local, state, and federal levels; and
  • Incentivize local and state innovation in family engagement as a driver of education reform efforts via research-based strategies, practices, and policies.

ESEA Reauthorization│Family Engagement in Education Act

  • H.R. 2662 and S.1291 in 113thCongress
    • House: Thompson (R-PA)/McCarthy (D-NY)
    • Senate: Reed (D-RI)/Coons (D-DE)/Whitehouse (D-RI)
family engagement in education act 113 th congress3
Family Engagement in Education Act | 113th Congress

Small State: AK; DC; DE; HI; ID; ME; MT; ND; NH; RI; SD; VT; WY



(Elementary and Secondary Education Act – No Child Left Behind)


What is ESEA-NCLB?

  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    • Governs Federal investment in K-12 education
    • Enacted in 1965
  • Reauthorized as NCLB in 2001/2002
    • “No Child Left Behind” is the name given to the 7th reauthorization of the ESEA
    • Expired in 2007
    • Automatically extended upon expiration, but needs to be reauthorized
  • Reauthorization of ESEA
    • House and Senate Committees passed bills in 2013
    • ESEA flexibility

What is ESEA-NCLB?

  • ESEA-NCLB comprised of 10 Titles
    • Improving the Academic Achievement of the Disadvantaged
    • Preparing, Training, and Recruiting High Quality Teachers and Principals
    • Language Instruction for Limited English Proficient and Immigrant Students
    • 21st Century Schools
    • Promoting Informed Parental Choice and Innovative Programs
    • Flexibility and Accountability
    • Indian, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native Education
    • Impact Aid Program
    • General Provisions
    • Repeals, Redesignations, and Amendments to Other Statutes

Family Engagement in Education


Title I

Largest Funding Stream in ESEA-NCLB

  • More than $14 billion

Formula grants to states

  • Combination of 4 formulas , complicated

Targeted to schools and districts with high concentration of “disadvantaged” students

  • Title I School/District = approx 40% + low-income students

May be used for preschool – high school

  • 12% to preschool/K
  • 65% to 1-6
  • 23% to 7-12

ESEA Reauthorization│113th Congress

  • Majority Party: Republicans
  • Ratio: 233 (R) : 200 (D) : 2 (I)
  • Majority Party: Democrats
  • Ratio: 54 (D) : 46 (R) : 2 (I)
esea reauthorization 113 th congress
ESEA Reauthorization│113th Congress

HOUSE (R-majority)

Committee: Education and the Workforce

Bill: H.R. 5, Student Success Act

Focus: maximum flexibility

SENATE (D-majority)

Committee: Health, Education, Labor & Pensions (HELP)

Bill: S. 1094, Strengthening America’s Schools

Focus: reform of current structure

esea reauthorization house
ESEA Reauthorization│House

H.R. 5 Student Success Act

Committee Composition: 23 (R) : 18 (D)

Passed Committee: 23 (R) YES : 16 (D)NO

  • No Democrats vote yes
  • Bill passes Committee on June 19, 2013

House Composition: 233 (R) : 200 (D) : 2 (I)

Passes House: 221 (R) YES : 207 NO

  • No Democrats vote in favor of bill
  • 12 Republicans vote against bill
  • Bill passes House on July 19, 2013

Sent to SENATE - HELP Committee on July 24, 2013

house bill pta response
House Bill│PTA Response


No state and local maintenance of effort;

No cap on alternate assessment on alternate achievement standards for special needs; and

Essentially block grants


AYP eliminated

Family Engagement at state and local level

esea reauthorization senate
ESEA Reauthorization│Senate

S. 1094, Strengthening America’s Schools Act

HELP Committee Composition: 11 (D) : 10 (R) : 1 (I)

Passes HELP Committee: 12 (D+I) YES : 10 (R) NO

  • No Republicans vote in favor of bill
  • Bill passes Committee on June 12, 2013

Senate Composition: 54 (D) : 46 (R) : 2 (I)

  • Yet to be debated on Senate Floor
  • House Bill was Sent to Senate HELP Committee on July 24, 2013
senate bill pta response
Senate Bill│PTA Response


“Four size fits all” turn around models

Highly Qualified Teacher

Family Engagement

Lacked comprehensive equity


Early Childhood

Equity protections within school districts

School to Prison

Teacher Evaluations based on multiple measures


Family Engagement at state and local level


ESEA Reauthorization│Let us count the ways...

  • Bills dramatically different
  • Senator Harkin retiring
  • Senator Alexander introduced voucher bill
  • Chairman Kline term limits
  • Election Season
  • Waiver extended for one year

ESEA Reauthorization│Waivers

  • ESEA Flexibility
  • Effort to provide regulatory relief to States
  • States have to adopt all three policy priorities:
    • Higher standards
    • Differentiated accountability system
    • Teacher/principal evaluation system based on growth
  • 42 States, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are approved for ESEA flexibility
  • ED recently announced invitation for one year extension for the Window 1 an 2 waiver states

Vito Borrello

National PTA Legislative Committee Member

Mollie Van Lieu

Senior Policy Strategist

National PTA

[email protected]

Office: (703) 418-1240

Cell: (717) 476-183