The new imperialism
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

The New Imperialism PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 71 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The New Imperialism . Sasso US I. The war is over, but…. Treaty of Paris puts England truly at peace for the first time in 50 years New sensation- Seems like there is nobody left for England to fight With no battles on the horizon, England can focus on its colonies (especially America)

Download Presentation

The New Imperialism

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The new imperialism

The New Imperialism

Sasso

US I


The war is over but

The war is over, but…

  • Treaty of Paris puts England truly at peace for the first time in 50 years

  • New sensation- Seems like there is nobody left for England to fight

  • With no battles on the horizon, England can focus on its colonies (especially America)

  • Increased involvement will not be an easy task

  • New lands, huge debt, etc…

  • Additionally, colonies have become very resistant to England’s authority (both Parliament and military)


The new imperialism

$$$$$$$

  • Paying for the war effort will NOT be easy

  • Taxation will be the method, but can London do it effectively?

  • In the closing years of the war, England ushers in a new king- King George III

  • Determined to reassert control over colonies (with reasonably good intentions)

  • Some problems: Unstable Parliament, health, new PM (George Grenville)

  • One way or another, England will attempt to EFFECTIVELY regulate American colonies


Proclamation of 1763

Proclamation of 1763

  • England prohibits colonial settlement west of Appalachian Mts.

  • England would like to control the settlement of new lands

  • Slow settlement would limit conflict with Natives

  • Hope to preserve fur trade for British trappers

  • This is widely ignored by the colonists

  • There is really no way for the British to defend the entire length of the App. Mts.


However

However…

  • England is much more of a strong-arm presence in the colonies

  • Many soldiers stayed behind; large presence of the troops in cities, navy patrolling the waters

  • England is trying to forcefully crack down on smuggling

  • Also looking to restrict colonial manufacturing (which would force colonists to buy British-made goods)


Sugar act 1764

Sugar Act 1764

  • Indirect, external tax

  • The Sugar Act actually cuts the tariff from the Molasses Act in ½

  • BUT…it also firmly establishes the use of vice-admiralty courts for accused smugglers

  • Supposed to be a big deterrent for American smugglers

  • These are British military courts- no jury of peers AND the judge earns a % of the fines he imposes

  • This pretty much means American smugglers are guilty and will pay the maximum possible fines


Currency act 1764

Currency Act 1764

  • Colonies frequently have a currency shortage

  • No gold/silver mines- makes hard currency very scarce

  • Currency flow regulated by England

  • Colonies oftentimes had to print their own currency

  • LOTS of issues with that

  • Currency Act prohibits production of colonial currency

  • Prefer all trade to be carried out in hard currency

  • How can the colonies be expected to pay their debts?


Mutiny quartering act 1764 1765 etc

Mutiny/Quartering Act 1764, 1765, etc.

  • Like any nation, England had some difficulty with its army

  • Rules/regulations had to be put in place for crimes

  • Several incarnations of the Mutiny Act

  • The Acts of 1764-1765 were significant as they added the Quartering Acts

  • Colonists have to provide barracks/supplies to British soldiers

  • Indirect form of taxation

  • England justifies it as a form of protection from French/Natives


Stamp act 1765

Stamp Act 1765

  • The mother of them all…

  • Economically, the American colonies struggle during the 1760s

  • Colonies bicker and fight with one another (borders, currency, etc.)

  • Colonies felt some degree of unity during the French & Indian War, though it was somewhat limited

  • The passing of the Stamp Act is the galvanizing force that brings the colonies together


Stamp act 17651

Stamp Act 1765

  • The Stamp Act is a direct, internal tax on goods and services

  • 1st time England enacted taxation of this type on the American colonies

  • Stamp had to being affixed to all mailed items

  • Purpose of the Act was to help offset the cost of stationing British troops near the Appalachians


Protests

Protests!!!

  • Colonists will begin to unite in opposition to the Stamp Act

  • Sam Adams (MA) and the Sons of Liberty- violent resistance group

  • Their objective is to prevent the collection of stamp tax

  • Committees of Correspondence are established to spread information from colony to colony

  • Some protests will be more “gentlemanly”

  • Patrick Henry (VA)- “No taxation without representation”

  • Colonies should be taxed by their own representatives


Stamp act congress

Stamp Act Congress

  • Colonial assemblies start to get on the same page

  • Delegates from 9 colonies meet up in NYC- 10/1765

  • Develop a Declaration of Rights and Grievances outlining complaints against Parliament

  • Boycotting British goods becomes a common practice

  • It’s encouraged by the Congress and enforced by the Sons of Liberty


Stamp act repealed

Stamp Act Repealed

  • The collective effort by the colonists will work

  • Stamp Act went into effect 11/1765

  • Under pressure from British merchants, Parliament repeals it 3/1766

  • BUT…on the very same day Parliament passes the Declaratory Act

  • This “reasserts” Parliamentary authority over the colonies

  • That’s all well and good, but the precedent has been set- American colonies can get England to back down


Townshend acts 1767

Townshend Acts 1767

  • England will start going through PM’s quickly

  • Charles Townshend introduces the Townshend Acts

  • Indirect, external tax on lead, paper, paint, glass, and tea

  • Colonists will employ the same protests from the Stamp Act

  • Townshend Acts will ultimately be repealed…all except the three-penny tax on tea

  • Additionally, Parliament will authorize 2,000 soldiers to be stationed in Boston (a John Hancock issue…)


March 5 1770

March 5, 1770

  • Tensions began to rise in Boston

  • Relationship between soldiers and colonists is generally poor

  • Competition for work is a big issue; February 1770 is pretty rough

  • Everything boils over on March 5th

  • Colonial mob begin protesting soldiers outside of Customs House

  • Shots ultimately fired by British soldiers

  • 5 colonists killed (Crispus Attucks)

  • MAJOR propaganda piece


The tea party

“The Tea Party”

  • After the Massacre, things quiet down for a bit

  • 1773- A run of tea parties

  • British East India Company (BEIC)- one of England’s oldest corporations

  • By the mid-1700s, BEIC was struggling financially and on verge of bankruptcy

  • In order to keep the BEIC viable, England will pass the Tea Act- establishes a monopoly on colonial tea trade for the BEIC

  • Big deal for the BEIC, but this act will severely undercut colonial merchants


The tea party1

“The Tea Party”

  • Local merchants + Sons of Liberty will be quick to respond

  • Dress themselves as Native Americans- get onboard ships, quickly and quietly try to dump as much tea as they can

  • Similar parties will take place in NYC, Philly, Charleston (SC)

  • Damage to merchandise will cripple and bankrupt BEIC

  • This is the final straw for England


The intolerable acts

The Intolerable Acts

  • The Intolerable Acts are designed to make an example out of Massachusetts

  • 1) Boston Harbor is closed down for commerce

  • 2) Martial law is instituted in the city of Boston

  • 3) Strict reinstitution of the Quartering Act

  • Boston, and by extension of Massachusetts, will be financially crippled


  • Login