Information, Communication and Space Technologies for more disaster resilient societies in Asia-Pacific. Dr. Xuan Zengpei Director, Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction Division, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP).
Information, Communication and Space Technologies for more disaster resilient societies in Asia-Pacific
Dr. Xuan Zengpei
Director, Information and Communications Technology and Disaster Risk Reduction Division,
United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)
Impact on livelihoods and poverty
Impact on health and education
Socio-economic vulnerability to disasters
ESCAP is the regional development arm of the United Nations for the Asia-Pacific region
62 Governments - from Turkey in the west to Kiribati in the east, and from the Russian Federation in the north to New Zealand in the south
The largest United Nations body serving the Asia-Pacific region with over 600 staff
ESCAP has more than five decades of experience integrating disaster risk management with economic and social development in the region
ESCAP has Eight subsidiary Committees, with two on Information and Communications Technology, and Disaster Risk Reduction: they belong to Information and Communications Technology & Disaster Risk Reduction Division (IDD)/ESCAP serves these two committees.
Goal: To promote applications of information and communications technology and to enhance regional cooperation for improved disaster risk reduction and management,
as well as for improved management of the associated socio-economic risks, for inclusive and sustainable development in Asia and the Pacific
3 Sections: ICT and Development, Space Applications, Disaster Risk Reduction; and a regional institution: APCICT; Two affiliations: ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee and WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclone.
Space Applications Section: Strengthened regional cooperation mechanisms in space applications for disaster risk reduction and development (through affordable access and effective use of Space products & services).
ESCAP recognizes enabling role of space tech within the development context–initiated regional remote sensing programme (RRSP) in cooperation with UNDP, in 1983.
ESCAP Regional Space Applications Programme (RESAP) – Since 1994
1. Regional Cooperation Mechanism for Drought Monitoring & EW (sharing EO products and services ), flood ; 2. Regional Platform SatCom based disaster emergency communications; 3. Capacity building thru RESAP Networks for disaster management 4. Pacific Connectivity 5. Capacity building on Georeference /geospatial database for countries with special needs.
… + Capacity Building + Applications
Capacity building efforts – floods and drought disasters; Pacific Connectivity and Emergency Communications; RESAP networks
in Asia and
Launch of RESAP (Space Tech Applications Section established in 1994: instituted 3 tired structure): – Intergovernmental Consultative Committee; Regional Working Groups on various themes; and Education and Training Networks: short-med-long term training (China, India and Indonesia)0
ESCAP Regional Space Applications Programme (RESAP) – Since 1994
Regional cooperation initiatives
Sentinel-Asia with resources of India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Thailand
Using both earth observation and communications satellites
Asia Pacific Satellite Cooperation Organization (APSCO) with 9 founding members
Other global initiatives
UN Platform for Space-based Information for Disaster Management and Emergency Response (SPIDER)
International Charter Space and Major Disasters
China, India and Thailand to support drought disaster management
Collaborative building of regional disaster communication capacities
ESCAP, through the regional Inter-Agency Working Group on Information and Communication Technology (ICT) which has more than 20 members representing United Nations entities and international organizations, facilitated at its 14th meeting, held on 11 August 2010, to make joint efforts to promote an Asia-Pacific regional platform for disaster communications capacities, with collaborative emergency communications capacity as its core component.
The ITU Asia-Pacific Regional Multi-Stakeholder Forum on Emergency Telecommunications held in Ulan Bator, Mongolia from 8 to 10 July 2011 (in cooperation with ESCAP) recommended that for an effective regional cooperation
(i) through expansion of partnerships on regional cooperation
mechanisms such as the ITU Framework on Cooperation Mechanism
(IFCE), Inter-agency Working Group for building regional capacity for
emergency communications using Public-Private-Partnership (PPP)
model, among others;
(ii) on provision of platforms for discussions and knowledge sharing;
(iii) on commitments and/or obligations through international treaties/
cooperative frameworks such as the Tampere Convention.
Integrating Pacific to the RESAP through linkage to Asia Space Network as part of ICT for Pacific Connectivity
To promote capacity development for enhanced Pacific Connectivity, ESCAP and ITU jointly have put in place a plan to assist 19 Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) for comprehensive capacity development.
The framework of Asia Space Network under ESCAP’s legacy of Regional Space Applications (RESAP) wherein space agencies of China, India, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation and Thailand form a network for cooperation to share their space resources for development and disaster reduction is planned to be harnessed.
As a part of ICT for Pacific Connectivity, ESCAP has strategically put in place a concrete plan to link up PICTs with Asia Space Network in different phases.
Improving disaster risk preparedness in the ESCAP region: geospatial information
Evidence based Analytical Study
Tsunami, Disasters and climate preparedness
Regional Integrated Multi-hazard Early Warning Systems (RIMES)
Reduction & ICT
- Envt & Disaster Management
ESCAP Regional Capacity Development Strategy for Disaster Resilience
Regional coherence, synergy and maximum combined impact from the efforts of UN agencies
ESCAP - the secretariat
of the Asia-Pacific RCM
ASEAN UN Agreement on
ASEAN and the
3rd ASEAN-UN Summit, Oct 2010, Ha Noi
ESCAP Trust Fund for Tsunami, Disaster and Climate Preparedness
Regional Architecture for Multi-hazard Early Warning
Regional Multi-hazards Early-Warning System (RIMES)
Regional watch services
Signed by countries
National capacity building
ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee and Panel of Tropical Cycloneare the regional bodies of the WMO tropical cyclone programme in Asia and the Pacific
ESCAP: Building the Capacity for Cyclone/Typhoon Early Warning
Harnessing Space for Disaster Risk Management
Need for Capacity Development based on a Holistic Approach involving Global, Regional, National and Local Actors /Agencies
1st Session of Committee on Disaster Risk Reduction, March 2009
knowledge & Capacity building
Response & Action