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Words and meanings. Hannah Shih . Welcome to the world of “word and meaning” . Let’s play Monopoly! choose one small magnet. Everyone dice and go forward according to the number. Finish the task in every blank. Generalization and Specialization.

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words and meanings

Words and meanings

Hannah Shih

welcome to the world of word and meaning
Welcome to the world of “word and meaning”
  • Let’s play Monopoly!
  • choose one small magnet.
  • Everyone dice and go forward according to the number.
  • Finish the task in every blank.
generalization and specialization
Generalization and Specialization
  • The meaning of some words can be generalized(extended; widened) and can be specialized(restricted; narrowed).
  • Tail – hairy caudal appendage, as of a horse.
  • Mill- a place for making things by the process of grinding.
  • Deer- used to mean simply “animal”

→Adding something particular “the family Cervidae”

  • Hound- used to mean “dog”

→ Adding the idea of hunting.

taboo and euphemism
Taboo and Euphemism
  • Euphemism- replacement for taboo terms.
  • Die- pass away; go on a journey.
  • Taboo and euphemism are mostly culture- specific.
pejoration and amelioration
Pejoration and Amelioration

“A word may go downhill or it may rise in the world.”

Pejoration-The downgrading or depreciation of

a word\'s meaning, as when a word with a

positive sense develops a negative one.

  • In early Middle English (around 1200), sely (as the word was then spelled) meant \'happy, blissful, blessed, fortunate,\' Late 1500s, the word\'s use declined to its present-day meaning of \'lacking good sense, empty-headed, senseless, foolish.

"The meaning of nice when it first appeared in Middle English (about 1300) was ‘ foolish, silly, simple; ignorant, senseless, absurd.\'"The movement toward amelioration reached its apex in the 1800s with such meanings as \'kind and considerate, friendly.\'"

  • http://media.openonline.com.cn/media_file/rm/dongshi2004/yyyyxgl/CHAPTER8/chapter8-5.htm
  • The origins and development of the english language.
  • http://grammar.about.com/od/ab/g/amelioraterm.htm
key points that i want to express through my expression
Key points that I want to express through my expression.
  • Can express or guest the meaning of the new words.
  • Know what is Generalization and Specialization in words.
  • Know what is Pejoration and Amelioration.
  • Know what is Taboo and Euphemism.
  • Key ideas that I learn from others’ presentation.
key ideas i learn from others presentations
Key ideas I learn from others’ presentations
  • The powerful word ”OK”
  • The interesting new words
  • The history of the typography(printer)
  • The evolving process of dirty words
  • Actually, I am very interested in the words and meanings, so I want to share with my classmates. I found there are lot of material and information about that. To trigger the classmates’ motive to know new words and word meaning, I decided to use Monopoly to start the presentation. However, it’s pity thay I didn’t set up more rules and more lectures to deliver my ideas clearly.