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Aim: How were the English colonies settled?. I. Jamestown (1607) . A. founded by a joint stock company (London Company) to make profits for investors B. Unsuccessful search for gold C. Tobacco becomes cash crop D. Settlers: 1. indentured servants 2. freemen—received headright of 50 acres

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I jamestown 1607
I. Jamestown (1607)

  • A. founded by a joint stock company (London Company) to make profits for investors

  • B. Unsuccessful search for gold

  • C. Tobacco becomes cash crop

  • D. Settlers:

    • 1. indentured servants

    • 2. freemen—received headright of 50 acres

  • E. Anglican Church—established church

  • F. House of Burgesses (1619)—1st representative assembly in America

  • G. Became a royal colony (governor appointed by king) in 1624


Ii plymouth 1620
II. Plymouth (1620)

  • A. Settled by radical reformers (Separatists) who rejected the King’s authority in religious matters

    • 1. fled England for the Netherlands

    • 2. Mayflower Compact (1620)—male passengers agreed to create a government for themselves

      • a. town meetings—all decisions affecting the colony were decided by the Church members (direct democracy)


Iii massachusetts bay 1629
III. Massachusetts Bay (1629)

  • A. founded by reformers within the Anglican Church who were persecuted for their religious beliefs (Puritans)

  • B. formed the Massachusetts Bay Company and moved its headquarters to New England

  • C. Great Migration (beginning 1630)—over 15,000 Puritans left England for Massachusetts


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