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IHRM Models and Processes as Integration. By Allen D. Engle, Sr. International Human Resource Management Colloquium, 20 June 2005 School of Business & Government University of Canberra. Central Premise – Something To Think About. Specialization of Labor is Overrated.

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Ihrm models and processes as integration

IHRM Modelsand Processes as Integration

By Allen D. Engle, Sr.

International Human Resource Management Colloquium, 20 June 2005

School of Business & Government

University of Canberra


Central premise something to think about

Central Premise – Something To Think About

Specialization of Labor is Overrated



Old assumptions strategy structure jobs hr processes r s t d c b etc
Old Assumptions AmateurismStrategyStructureJobsHR Processes (R&S, T&D, C&B,etc.)


Structure horizontal and vertical differentiation of jobs is primary control device
Structure Amateurism (Horizontal and Vertical Differentiation of Jobs)Is PrimaryControl Device


Leaders as architects engle engle and engle 2004
Leaders as Architects Amateurism(Engle, Engle and Engle, 2004)






Job as unit of analysis job as compromise 250 jobs and not 7 000 persons
Job as Unit of Analysis “Certainty”Job as Compromise: 250 Jobs and not 7,000 Persons



Results standardization as compromise blue collar jobs
RESULTS; Standardization as Compromise– Mass Production “Blue Collar” Jobs


Job Analysis and Taylorism as the Result of Scale, Specialization, and Limited Information Processing Capabilities


Hrm s old role was to ensure that jobs happen reactionary and transactionary
HRM’s Old Role Was to Ensure That Jobs Happen - Specialization, and Limited Information Processing Capabilities Reactionary and Transactionary


Old Focus In HRM On Differentiation and Differences – Specialization, and Limited Information Processing Capabilities Job Analysis As the Foundation For All HR Activities


Enter globalization and new technologies
Enter Globalization Specialization, and Limited Information Processing Capabilities and New Technologies


New environment increased environmental uncertainty more complexity more dynamism less richness
New Environment – Increased Environmental Uncertainty Specialization, and Limited Information Processing Capabilities More ComplexityMore DynamismLess Richness


Firms operate across cultures functions and product lines
Firms Operate Across Specialization, and Limited Information Processing Capabilities Cultures,Functions,andProduct Lines


New technological capabilities sophisticated it to track individual employees
New Technological Capabilities: Specialization, and Limited Information Processing Capabilities Sophisticated IT to Track Individual Employees



Reasons EnvironmentsWhy?One:Vested Interests, Consultancies, Professional Organizations and Academic Units With “Investments” in Old Approaches


Reasons why two fear of the unknown and the incredible cost of investing in the future
Reasons Why? EnvironmentsTwo:Fear of the Unknown and the Incredible Cost of Investing in the Future



New assumptions strategy hr capabilities people processes persons in roles
New assumptions PerformanceStrategyHR CapabilitiesPeople ProcessesPersons in Roles


Leaders as cultural coordinators bards engle engle and engle 2004
Leaders As Cultural Coordinators Performance“Bards”(Engle, Engle and Engle, 2004)


Ghoshal and Bartlett’s (1997) Transnational Roles PerformanceGlobal Culture GuruRegional MentorsLocal Entrepreneurs


Imagery of a coordinated school of fish engle and mendenhall 2004
Imagery of a Coordinated School of Fish Performance(Engle and Mendenhall, 2004)


Morphing from the pyramid to a school of fish
Morphing Performance From the Pyramid To A School of Fish


Person and role as unit of analysis competencies
Person Performanceand RoleAs Unit of Analysis“Competencies”


Integration coordination cooperation communication as key to global success gratton 2005
Integration Performance(Coordination, Cooperation, Communication)As Key to Global Success(Gratton, 2005)


Evidences of Building Interest PerformanceSocial Capital-Human CapitalKnowledge Firms-Product FirmsSocial Networks-Job HierarchiesBoundaryless Careers-Silos




Exercise in Application: Exhibit RelationshipsRecruitment and Selection for IntegrationTraining and Development for IntegrationCompensation and Benefits for Integration



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