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Content for anti oxidant video

Content for Anti-oxidant video

What are anti oxidants

What are anti-oxidants?

  • Oxygen is an essential chemical for your growth and metabolism; at the same time, processes caused by oxygen known as oxidation produce free radicals, which have the potential to harm or even kill cells, such as that of your brain, heart, liver, etc.

  • Anti-oxidants serve to eliminate such free radicals and maintain equilibrium in your body.

Benefits of anti oxidants

Benefits of anti-oxidants

  • Free radicals can cause a variety of neurodegenerative diseases such as oxidative stress, which then leads to Alzheimer's disease, stroke, cancer and eventually death.

  • Antioxidants not only prevent these, but also slow down the aging process in your body.

  • Of course, it is unwise to over consume such anti-oxidants in processed forms as at critically high levels they may act as pro-oxidants.

Types and sources of antioxidants

Types and sources of antioxidants

  • Vitamins A, C, D, E (found in fruits such as berries, beans, and vegetable oils)

  • Selenium, magnesium, chromium, zinc (trace minerals generally found in food)

  • Astaxanthin - found naturally in red algae and animals higher in the marine food chain. It is a red pigment familiarly recognized in crustacean shells and salmon flesh/roe.

Sources of antioxidants cont d

Sources of antioxidants (cont’d)

  • Lycopene - found in high concentration in cooked red tomato products like canned tomatoes, tomato sauce, tomato juice and garden cocktails, guava and watermelons.

  • Zeaxanthin - best sources are kale, collard greens, spinach, turnip greens, spinach, Swiss chard, mustard and beet greens, corn, and broccoli

  • Flavonoids are present in many berries, as well as in coffee and tea.

Sources of antioxidants cont d1

Sources of antioxidants (cont’d)

  • Myricetin - walnuts are a rich source

  • Isoflavone phytoestrogens - found primarily in soy, peanuts, and other members of the

  • Resveratrol - found in the skins of dark-colored grapes, and concentrated in red wine.

  • Chlorogenic acid - found in high concentration in coffee (more concentrated in robusta than arabica beans), blueberries and tomatoes. Produced from esterification of caffeic acid.

Sources of antioxidants cont d2

Sources of antioxidants (cont’d)

  • Gallic acid - found in gallnuts, sumac, witch hazel, tea leaves, oak bark, and many other plants.

  • Gallotannins - hydrolyzable tannin polymer formed when gallic acid, a polyphenol monomer, esterifies and binds with the hydroxyl group of a polyol carbohydrate such as glucose.

  • Rosmarinic acid - found in high concentration in rosemary, oregano, lemon balm, sage, and marjoram.

Sources of antioxidants cont d3

Sources of antioxidants (cont’d)

  • Cinnamic acid and its derivatives, such as ferulic acid - found in seeds of plants such as in brown rice, whole wheat and oats, as well as in coffee, apple, artichoke, peanut, orange and pineapple.

  • Ellagic acid - found in high concentration in raspberry and strawberry, and in ester form in red wine tannins.

  • Ellagitannins - hydrolyzable tannin polymer formed when ellagic acid, a polyphenol monomer, esterifies and binds with the hydroxyl group of a polyol carbohydrate such as glucose.

Sources of antioxidants cont d4

Sources of antioxidants (cont’d)

  • Salicylic acid - found in most vegetables, fruits, and herbs; but most abundantly in the bark of willow trees, from where it was extracted for use in the early manufacture of aspirin.

  • Capsaicin - the active component of chili peppers

  • Fructose, which is found abundantly in fruits, significantly elevates uric acid levels in humans, and thus indirectly increases antioxidant capacity.

Sources of antioxidants cont d5

Sources of antioxidants (cont’d)

  • Sorghum bran, cocoa powder, and cinnamon are rich sources of procyanidins

  • Lutein - found in high concentration in spinach, kale, Swiss chard, collard greens, beet and mustard greens, endive, red pepper and okra

  • Typical cooked vegetables rich in antioxidants are artichokes, cabbage, broccoli, asparagus, avocados, beetroot and spinach.

Sources of antioxidants cont d6

Sources of antioxidants (cont’d)

  • Deeply pigmented fruits like cranberries, blueberries, plums, blackberries, raspberries, strawberries, blackcurrants, figs, cherries, guava, oranges, mango, grape juice and pomegranate juice

  • Nuts are a moderate source of polyphenol antioxidants. Typical nuts are pecans, walnuts, hazelnuts, pistachio, almonds, cashew nuts, macadamia nuts and peanut butter.








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