“The New Faces in African Mining”. Sam Chikowore – Exporien Mining Zimbabwe Mining and Infrastructure Indaba 2013. WHO ARE THEY?. THE ARTISANAL MINERS THE MINING CO-OPERATIVES WOMEN MINING CO-OPERATIVES THE JUNIOR MINING COMPANIES. THE ARTISANAL MINERS.
Sam Chikowore – Exporien Mining
Zimbabwe Mining and Infrastructure Indaba
Harms (2008) explains that as cooperatives are “participative self-help organizations … members are also co-owners and have both the rights and obligations of participating in goal-setting, decision-making and control or evaluation processes of their cooperative.” Members must act as “both users and owners in the development of cooperative organizations.” Participation is required at three levels: firstly, in the provision of resources (inputs such as capital, labour, produce), in decision-making, and in receiving benefits.
When indirect labour, induced employment, and fertility rates (4.6 percent) are considered, about two-thirds of the women, men, and children in the Central African Republic may directly or indirectly rely on artisanal diamond mining.
It is anticipated that junior exploration companies will be the major source of future mine supply. They find promising properties, prove the resource- the raw material and bring mines into production. With highly trained geologists, geophysicists and engineers on staff, it is the junior mining company that typically is best positioned to determine whether a property is economically viable. Juniors are critical players in the early stages, bridging the long lag time between when a new deposit is found and when it is brought into production.