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FAA’s Plan for the Future Use of GPS. Briefed By: Kanwaljit S. Sandhoo (MITRE/CAASD) 8th European CGSIC/IISC Meeting, Prague December 2-3, 1999. Overview. Background FAA Objectives Operational Use of L5 Dual Frequency SBAS/GBAS FAA’s Plan Summary. Background.

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Faa s plan for the future use of gps

FAA’s Plan for the Future Use of GPS

Briefed By: Kanwaljit S. Sandhoo

(MITRE/CAASD)

8th European CGSIC/IISC Meeting, Prague

December 2-3, 1999


Overview
Overview

  • Background

  • FAA Objectives

  • Operational Use of L5

  • Dual Frequency SBAS/GBAS

  • FAA’s Plan

  • Summary


Background
Background

  • In January 1999 the United States announced, that as a part of the GPS Modernization effort, two additional GPS signals will be made available for civil use

    • L2 at 1227.60 MHz will be available on GPS satellites to be launched beginning in 2003 for non-safety critical applications

    • L5 at 1176.45 MHz will be available on GPS/WAAS Satellites to be launched in 2005 for safety-of-life services like civil aviation

      • ARNS/RNSS allocation will ensure its protection for safety-of-life services

  • The Interagency GPS Executive Board (IGEB) performed the analysis to support the selection of L5 and minimizing its impact on the existing system in the band


Background cont d

GNSS Frequency Allocations

L2

L5

L1

1227.6 MHz

+12 MHz

1176.45 MHz

+12 MHz

1575.42 MHz

+12 MHz

(GLONASS)

(GPS)

ARNS/RNSS

(GLONASS)

(GPS)

ARNS

RNSS

1610

1559

1260

1215

960

Need RNSS Allocation for L5 to Support

Civil Aviation Safety-of-Life Operations

Background(Cont’d)


Faa objective
FAA Objective

  • Improve the safety within NAS

    • Provide precision approach service at every qualified runway

  • Improve the safety throughout the World

    • Provide precision approach service throughout the World

  • Increase the capacity of NAS

    • Direct & flexible routing not based on the location of ground-based navigation aids


Operational use of l1 l5
Operational Use of L1 & L5

  • Current SBAS/WAAS and GBAS/LAAS broadcast corrections on a single GPS frequency (L1)

  • Independent Study by John Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory

    • Confirmed the technical feasibility of WAAS & LAAS

    • Recommended FAA make every effort to mitigate effects of intentional & unintentional interference

  • In response to John Hopkins Study, the FAA is planning to use a more robust L5 signal as a Backup to L1

    • L5 will have the same data as L1

    • L5 will be a 20 MHz signal with 6dB more power than L1


Operational use of l1 l5 cont d
Operational Use of L1 & L5 (Cont’d)

  • Availability of L5 will facilitate the development and use of dual frequency avionics to eliminate ionospheric errors

    • Facilitates precision approach throughout the World at minimum or no cost to many countries


Dual frequency sbas waas
Dual Frequency SBAS/WAAS

L5 - 1176.45 MHz

L5 - 1176.45 MHz

L5 - 1176.45 MHz


Dual frequency gbas laas
Dual Frequency GBAS/LAAS

L1 - 1575.42 MHz

L5 - 1176.45 MHz


Sbas geos coverage

SGCIIG

SGCOIG

SGCOIG

SGCOIG

SGCOIG

SGCOIG

SGC

SBAS GEOs Coverage

SGCIIG=SGC Inside Ionospheric-Correction Grid

SGC=SBAS GEO Coverage

SGCOIG=SGC Outside Ionospheric-Correction Grid


Sbas operations inside ionospheric correction grid
SBAS Operations Inside Ionospheric-correction Grid

  • WAAS will broadcast ionospheric corrections and integrity data (satellite clock and ephemeris corrections) on both L1 and L5

  • When Both L1 & L5 are available the users will use both the frequencies to provide the most accurate service possible

    • Onboard generated dual frequency corrections with integrity data from WAAS corrections broadcast at L1/L5

  • In the event of interference on any one of the frequencies (L1 or L5), the users will be able to use WAAS broadcast ionospheric corrections and integrity data


Sbas coverage outside ionospheric correction grid
SBAS Coverage Outside Ionospheric-correction Grid

  • The availability of L5 offers the potential of providing immediate access to the precision approach capability throughout the Footprint of SBAS GEO satellites at minimal or no cost to many nations

  • Users will be able to use dual frequency avionics with integrity data from SBAS corrections broadcast at L1 or L5

  • In the event of Interference on L1 or L5 these regions can revert to non-precision approach

    • GPS with integrity data from SBAS correction broadcast at L1/L5 or use RAIM


Summary
Summary

  • FAA plans to use both L1 & L5 to achieve seamless global navigation

  • Safety-critical civil aviation and land-based application will benefit from the availability of L5

  • L5 is being designed to be more robust and resistant to interference

  • L5 will be redundant to L1

  • L5 will provide immediate access to precision approach capability throughout the World, within the footprint of SBAS GEO satellites at minimal or no cost to many nations


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