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Tallahassee. “Tallahassee” is an Apalachee Indian word which means “old town.” . Before Florida became a state….

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“Tallahassee” is an Apalachee Indian word which means “old town.”

Before Florida became a state…

Andrew Jackson convinced President Monroe that Florida would be an asset to the United States. He was the United States Commissioner and Governor of East and West Florida:March 10, 1821 to November 12, 1821.

He became the 7th president of the United States in 1829.

The Union Bank of Tallahassee was established around 1830. It is the state's oldest surviving bank building.

Florida became a state on March 3, 1845. The Capitol opened the same year.

Front of the Old Capitol


The Old Capitol


The Capitol - Today

First Mayor of Tallahassee

Francis W. Eppes was the grandson of President Thomas Jefferson. After moving from Virginia with his family to near Tallahassee, Florida in 1829, he established a cotton plantation. In 1856 Eppes donated land and money for the first university here – now known as Florida State University.

Tallahassee Police Department was started

in 1841. It is the 3rd oldest police

Department in the United States.

Photo: 1937

In 1850, Tallahassee had at least 56 plantations including:

Bannerman Plantation

Meridian Road

Improved Land: 700 acres

Unimproved Land: 800 acres

Number of slaves: 67

Bushels of corn: 4,000

Bales of cotton: 120

Barrow Hill Plantation

– Leon High School

  • Francis Eppes

  • Plantation

-Owned by John Winthrop

Improved Land: 2,590 acres

Unimproved Land: 1,400 acres

Number of slaves: 71

Bushels of corn: 2,200

Bales of cotton: 204

Improved Land: 950 acres

Unimproved Land: 970 acres

Number of slaves: 70

  • William Bailey Plantation – Killearn Estates/Ox Bottom

  • La Grange

  • Plantation

  • Improved Land: 825 acres

  • Unimproved Land: 564 acres

  • Number of slaves: 80

  • Bushels of corn: 4,000

  • Bales of cotton: 352

Improved Land: 3,150 acres

Unimproved Land: 1,000 acres Number of slaves: 232

The Knott House Museum served as the headquarters for the Union Army during the Civil War.

Civil War

It was also from the steps of the Knott House on Park Avenue that the Emancipation Proclamation was read by Brig. Gen. Edward McCook on May 20, 1865, declaring freedom for all slaves in the Florida Panhandle.

Spanish American War - 1898

Group portrait of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and other high ranking officials of the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment: Tampa, Florida (1898)

St. John Episcopal Church


St. John Episcopal Church


Downtown Tallahassee1930’s

Downtown Tallahassee


Winthrop children on horseback

with the Merritts


Tallahassee Railroad Company's mule drawn car proceeding south between Pensacola and Jefferson (1894)

Downtown Tallahassee


Geronimo and fellow Apache Indian prisoners on their way to Florida by train (1886)

Ruth law flies into


Ruth Law bought her first aircraft from Orville Wright in 1912.

In 1917, she became the first woman pilot to fly for the US Army.

One-Room Schoolhouse

Eastpoint, Florida - 1916

Typical pioneer home in

Eastpoint, Florida


First Leon County Jail


Jackson Bluff Road -1885

Jackson Bluff Road - NOW

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