Industrialization ii changes in society
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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society. Urbanization Rapid growth of cities Environmental consequences: The Great Stink of London (1858) and miasmas Housing problems Diseases: typhus, typhoid fever, cholera, influenza Diet.

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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society

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Industrialization ii changes in society

Industrialization, II: Changes in Society

  • Urbanization

    • Rapid growth of cities

    • Environmental consequences: The Great Stink of London (1858) and miasmas

    • Housing problems

    • Diseases: typhus, typhoid fever, cholera, influenza

    • Diet


Industrialization ii changes in society

River Irwell, Manchester. The scum on the surface is the result of sewage.


Industrialization ii changes in society

Housing in Manchester


An attic occupied by a family of ten

An attic occupied by a family of ten

Illustrated Times, 1863


Industrialization ii changes in society

The New Industrial City


Industrialization ii changes in society

Worker Housing in Manchester


Industrialization ii changes in society

Housing for factory workers in New York – early 1900s


Housing for german factory workers 1902

Housing for German Factory Workers -- 1902


Industrialization ii changes in society

  • Conditions of labor

    • Hours

    • Inside the factory

    • Women and children


Industrialization ii changes in society

Factory Wages in Lancashire, 1830


American textile mill

American Textile Mill


British children in the mining industry

British Children in the Mining Industry


Industrialization ii changes in society

  • Changes in the social structure

    • Decline of the aristocracy

    • Rise of a proletariat

    • Rise of the middle class & Victorian womanhood


Industrialization ii changes in society

Queen Victoria and family


Industrialization ii changes in society

  • Impact of Industrialization: Optimists vs Pessimists

    • Production

      • 1780-1800 – doubled

      • 1800-1851 – rose 3 ½ times

    • Population

      • 1780 – 9 million

      • 1851 – 21 million

    • Was it worth it?

      • Irish example: agricultural and impoverished

      • Blake, Wordsworth, Dickens, Zola protested treatment of workers

      • Marxists wrote about the misery

      • Revisionists argued that standards of living rose; idea of poverty being bad


Industrialization ii changes in society

  • Leisure

    • The nearly universal day off: Sunday

    • The rise of spectator sports: football & cricket

    • The pub

W.G. Grace – Britain’s First Sport Celebrity


Industrialization ii changes in society

  • Responses to the Problems of Industrial Society

    • Luddites

    • Unions

    • Governmental reforms

    • Middle class vs. working class

The Luddites, 1811-1816


Some useful websites

Some Useful Websites

  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/reforming_acts_01.shtml

  • http://www.historyteacher.net/APEuroCourse/EHAP_Topics/EHAP-Topic-IndutrialRevolution.htm

  • http://www.victorianweb.org/index.html

  • http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/ind_rev/images/indust.html.htm

  • http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook14.html


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