Industrialization ii changes in society
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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society. Urbanization Rapid growth of cities Environmental consequences: The Great Stink of London (1858) and miasmas Housing problems Diseases: typhus, typhoid fever, cholera, influenza Diet.

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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society

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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society

  • Urbanization

    • Rapid growth of cities

    • Environmental consequences: The Great Stink of London (1858) and miasmas

    • Housing problems

    • Diseases: typhus, typhoid fever, cholera, influenza

    • Diet


River Irwell, Manchester. The scum on the surface is the result of sewage.


Housing in Manchester


An attic occupied by a family of ten

Illustrated Times, 1863


The New Industrial City


Worker Housing in Manchester


Housing for factory workers in New York – early 1900s


Housing for German Factory Workers -- 1902


  • Conditions of labor

    • Hours

    • Inside the factory

    • Women and children


Factory Wages in Lancashire, 1830


American Textile Mill


British Children in the Mining Industry


  • Changes in the social structure

    • Decline of the aristocracy

    • Rise of a proletariat

    • Rise of the middle class & Victorian womanhood


Queen Victoria and family


  • Impact of Industrialization: Optimists vs Pessimists

    • Production

      • 1780-1800 – doubled

      • 1800-1851 – rose 3 ½ times

    • Population

      • 1780 – 9 million

      • 1851 – 21 million

    • Was it worth it?

      • Irish example: agricultural and impoverished

      • Blake, Wordsworth, Dickens, Zola protested treatment of workers

      • Marxists wrote about the misery

      • Revisionists argued that standards of living rose; idea of poverty being bad


  • Leisure

    • The nearly universal day off: Sunday

    • The rise of spectator sports: football & cricket

    • The pub

W.G. Grace – Britain’s First Sport Celebrity


  • Responses to the Problems of Industrial Society

    • Luddites

    • Unions

    • Governmental reforms

    • Middle class vs. working class

The Luddites, 1811-1816


Some Useful Websites

  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/reforming_acts_01.shtml

  • http://www.historyteacher.net/APEuroCourse/EHAP_Topics/EHAP-Topic-IndutrialRevolution.htm

  • http://www.victorianweb.org/index.html

  • http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/ind_rev/images/indust.html.htm

  • http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook14.html


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