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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society

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Industrialization, II: Changes in Society. Urbanization Rapid growth of cities Environmental consequences: The Great Stink of London (1858) and miasmas Housing problems Diseases: typhus, typhoid fever, cholera, influenza Diet.

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industrialization ii changes in society
Industrialization, II: Changes in Society
  • Urbanization
    • Rapid growth of cities
    • Environmental consequences: The Great Stink of London (1858) and miasmas
    • Housing problems
    • Diseases: typhus, typhoid fever, cholera, influenza
    • Diet
slide12
Conditions of labor
    • Hours
    • Inside the factory
    • Women and children
slide23
Changes in the social structure
    • Decline of the aristocracy
    • Rise of a proletariat
    • Rise of the middle class & Victorian womanhood
slide26
Impact of Industrialization: Optimists vs Pessimists
    • Production
      • 1780-1800 – doubled
      • 1800-1851 – rose 3 ½ times
    • Population
      • 1780 – 9 million
      • 1851 – 21 million
    • Was it worth it?
      • Irish example: agricultural and impoverished
      • Blake, Wordsworth, Dickens, Zola protested treatment of workers
      • Marxists wrote about the misery
      • Revisionists argued that standards of living rose; idea of poverty being bad
slide27
Leisure
    • The nearly universal day off: Sunday
    • The rise of spectator sports: football & cricket
    • The pub

W.G. Grace – Britain’s First Sport Celebrity

slide28
Responses to the Problems of Industrial Society
    • Luddites
    • Unions
    • Governmental reforms
    • Middle class vs. working class

The Luddites, 1811-1816

some useful websites
Some Useful Websites
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/reforming_acts_01.shtml
  • http://www.historyteacher.net/APEuroCourse/EHAP_Topics/EHAP-Topic-IndutrialRevolution.htm
  • http://www.victorianweb.org/index.html
  • http://www.mtholyoke.edu/courses/rschwart/ind_rev/images/indust.html.htm
  • http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/modsbook14.html
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