Brief introduction of taijiquan
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Brief Introduction of Taijiquan. Shenyang Sport University Yao Dan. Objectives. Learn about the word “ Taiji” Learn about the definition of Taijiquan Learn about the styles of Taijiquan Learn about the development of Taijiquan after the founding of PRC. Question Time?.

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Brief Introduction of Taijiquan

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Brief introduction of taijiquan

Brief Introduction of Taijiquan

Shenyang Sport University

Yao Dan


Objectives

Objectives

  • Learn about the word “ Taiji”

  • Learn about the definition of Taijiquan

  • Learn about the styles of Taijiquan

  • Learn about the development of Taijiquan after the founding of PRC.


Brief introduction of taijiquan

Question Time?

Have you ever heard of the word “Taijiquan” (shadow boxing or Tai chi)

before this class?

In your mind, what is Taijiquan?


The origin of the word taiji

The origin of the word “Taiji”

THE Origin of Taijiquan

The Book of Changes

THE Emperor Wen of Zhou


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • The word “Taiji” in <The Book of Changes> has the meaning of being extreme, supreme and infinite, moreover, it refers to the ultimate source of the whole universe.


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • The famous ideologist Zhang Zai in Northern Song dynasty explained it with the materialist method. He thought “Ji in <The Book of Changes> is the material energy, every object has two kinds of energy and the two kinds of energy are the Yin and Yang”.


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • Zhou Dunyi in Song dynasty explained “When Taiji turns, Yin and Yang comes. Yin and Yang are coming from Taiji. When the dynamic reaches its extreme, it quiets down into the stillness to become Yin. When the stillness reaches its extreme, the dynamic comes again. The dynamic and stillness are the basis for each other.”


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • The word “Taiji’ in <The book of changes> has established an idea: “one gives birth to two.”


Yin and yang

Yin and Yang

THE Origin of Taijiquan

Yang

Yang

Yang

Yang

Yin

Yin


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

Yin-Yang double fish Picture


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • Back to the question, what is Taijiquan?

  • In <Chinese Wushu course>, Taijiquan was defined as follows:

    “Taijiquan is a kind of performing style which is light, gentle and slow.”


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • In China, Taijiquan is one of Wushu events, it is a very important performing style in Wushu system.


Brief introduction of taijiquan

Taijiquan

Routine

Combat

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • Taijiquan consists of two types of movements. One is routine, the other is combat.


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • Some series of movements are called routine movements. It includes 24-Form Simplified Taijiquan, 42-Form Taijiquan, etc.

24-Form Simplified Taijiquan

42-Form Taijiquan


The characteristics of taijiquan routine

The Characteristics of Taijiquan Routine

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • Moving slowly

  • Natural Breathing

  • Physical relaxation


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • Hand-pushing movement is called combat.

Hand-pushing


The characteristics of hand pushing

The Characteristics of Hand-pushing

  • Two people use the techniques of Taijiquan

  • To adhere and cohere with each other

  • Judge the strength of your opponents by sensing of muscles

  • Borrow the strength and apply it back to push the opponent down


Originator of taijiquan

Originator of Taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • There are few claims about the originator of Taijiquan.

Chen Wangting

Zhang Shanfeng


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • Chen Wangting lived in Chen Jiagou, Henan province, which is now the cradle of Taijiquan.

Chen Wangting


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

Taijiquan Square in Chen Jiagou


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • This is the first intangible cultural heritage museum in China.

Museum of Taijiquan in Chen Jiagou


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

The Ceremony of following Master


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

The Foreigners Learn Taijiquan

The Master Chen Xiaowang

The Master Chen Xing


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Origin of Taijiquan

  • It is recorded in the <Record of Wen County> that Chen Wangting was appointed as the militia commandant of Wen County in Ming dynasty in 1641.


The styles of taijiquan

The Styles of Taijiquan

THE Styles of Taijiquan


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Styles of Taijiquan

  • Except the five main styles, there are also some other styles of Taijiquan, such as He style, Chang style, Zhaobao Style, etc.


Chen style

Chen Style

THE Styles of Taijiquan

Chen Wangting

Chen Changxing


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Styles of Taijiquan

  • Besides Chen Changxing, there were Chen Youheng and Chen Youben who were also the famous masters of Taijiquan.

  • Chen Youben improved the New Form of Chen style.

  • Chen Changxing improved the Old-Form of Chen style.


Yang style

Yang Style

THE Styles of Taijiquan

Yang Luchan

Yang Jianhou

Yang Chengpu


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Styles of Taijiquan

  • Yang Luchan simplified the performing process, revised some leaping and jumping movements.

  • Yang style is especially good at overcoming the hard with the soft.


Wu style

Wu Style(吴氏)

THE Styles of Taijiquan

Wu Jianquan

Wu Gongyi


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Styles of Taijiquan

  • Wu Jianquan inherited the small form of Yang style, and he was exceptionally skilled in resolving other people’s force.


Wu style1

Wu style(武式)

THE Styles of Taijiquan

Wu Yuxiang

Li Yishe


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Styles of Taijiquan

  • Li Yishe passed the Taijiquan to his friend and neighbor Hao Weizhen, so Wushu style also called Hao style at that time.


Sun style

Sun Style

THE Styles of Taijiquan

Sun Lutang

Sun Jianyun


Brief introduction of taijiquan

THE Styles of Taijiquan

  • Sun Lutang was good at the Xingyi and Bagua, he combined Taijiquan into those techniques.


Taijiquan in china after the founding of prc

Taijiquan in ChinaAfter the founding of PRC

The Development of Taijiquan

  • Chairman Mao once said: “We have to promote everything we can do, something like doing gymnastics, playing balls, climbing mountains, swimming, performing Taijiquan and doing all kinds of sports.”

In the 1950-1960s


Brief introduction of taijiquan

The Development of Taijiquan

In the 1970-1980s

  • Deng Xiaoping wrote an inscription:

    “Taijiquan is good ” in 16 November 1978.


Brief introduction of taijiquan

The Development of Taijiquan

Over one hundred countries,

almost one hundred million people

In the 1990s

Put Taijiquan into Dan system

Every May as

International Taijiquan Month


Brief introduction of taijiquan

  • After 20 years of Deng Xiaoping’s inscription

Ten thousand people performing Taijiquan in Tian An Men Square

In the 1990s


Brief introduction of taijiquan

The Development of Taijiquan

In the 21 Century


Brief introduction of taijiquan

The Development of Taijiquan

Chen Yi

Liu Shaoqi

Chinese leaders


Brief introduction of taijiquan

The Development of Taijiquan

Zhou Enlai

Wen Jiabao

Chinese leaders


Review

Review

  • What is the concept of Taijiquan ?

  • Who was the originator of Taijiquan?

  • How many main styles were there in Taijiquan?


Brief introduction of taijiquan

The end


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