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Space Junk. Stars. Days/years/ seasons. Moon/tides/ Eclipses. Pot Luck. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. 100. This piece of space junk orbits between Mars and Jupiter. 100a.

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Space Junk

Stars

Days/years/

seasons

Moon/tides/

Eclipses

Pot Luck

100

100

100

100

100

200

200

200

200

200

300

300

300

300

300

400

400

400

400

400

500

500

500

500

500


100

This piece of space junk orbits between Mars and Jupiter.


100a

Asteroids

http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/solar_system_level1/asteroids.html


200

This type of space junk has a highly elliptical path.


200a

Comets

http://www.astro.washington.edu/larson/Astro150b/Lectures/Comets/comets.html


300

This type of space junk does not burn up in our atmosphere.


65 million years ago a disaster happened, although we are not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

300a

Meteorite

(It impacts the Earth.)

http://www.historyoftheuniverse.com/meteorit.html


400 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

This type of space junk can be composed of rock, metal, or both.


400a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Asteroids

http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/images/eros/orbits.gif


500 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

This type of space junk is composed of frozen gas and dust AND may orbit in the Oort Cloud or Kuiper Belt.


500a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Comets

http://www.solstation.com/stars/kuiper.htm


100 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Star’s that are this color have a cooler temperature.


100a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Red

http://www.profjohn.com/courses/ast1004/hrdiag/hrdiag.htm


200 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Stars begin their life in a stellar nursery called ________


200a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Nebula

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/sgifs/Starlifecycle.GIF


300 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Small Stars like our sun end their life as a _________ then a _________.


300a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

White dwarf then black dwarf

http://www.geol.vt.edu/vesr/es/astr/star/star.html


400 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

How long a star lives depends on


400a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The original mass of the star.

http://www.seasky.org/cosmic/sky7a01.html


500 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The largest type stars will end their life as


500a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Black Holes

http://www.star.ucl.ac.uk/groups/hotstar/research.html


100 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The Earth moves from daylight to darkness once every day due to fact that it is


100a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Rotating

http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/wbkids/k_dayandnight.html


200 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The Earth will make one trip around the sun each year. This movement is called


200a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Revolution

Earth is farthest from the Sun at its aphelion (summer in the Northern Hemisphere) and closest during its perihelion (winter in the Northern Hemisphere).

http://www.mhhe.com/earthsci/geology/mcconnell/earths_climate/intro.htm


300 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

In which direction do both the Earth and Moon rotate and revolve


300a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Counter-clockwise

http://www.brocktonpublicschools.com/schools/high/planetarium/activities/phases/phases4.html


400 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

In the spring and fall the sun is directly over _______


400a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The equator.

It is overhead at the equator during the Spring and Fall equinoxes. The Sun is overhead at the Tropic of Cancer on June 21. This is the furthest north that the strongest rays will travel. It is overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn on December 21.

http://www.mhhe.com/earthsci/geology/mcconnell/earths_climate/intro.htm


500 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The three reasons for the seasons are


500a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The tilt of the Earth, revolution around the sun, direct/indirect light that reaches Earth’s surface. ***Notice how the location of the most direct rays change as the Earth revolves around the sun.

http://www.onr.navy.mil/focus/spacesciences/observingsky/motion3.htm


100 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

What conditions are necessary for a spring tide to occur?


100a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The positioning of the sun and the moon also has an effect on the height of the tidal swell. During a new or full moon phase, the sun and moon are in line, pulling on the earth's surface. This creates a higher level of tide - called the "spring tides" from the Welsh word "springan" meaning 'to bulge'.

http://www.thehopewellrocks.ca/english/fundytides2.htm


200 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

What percentage of the moon is always illuminated?


200a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

50%

http://www.amastro.org/at/mo/mopo.html


300 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The image is a model of ??

http://csep10.phys.utk.edu/astr161/lect/time/eclipses.html


300a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

Solar Eclipse. A solar eclipse can occur when there is a new moon. This does not occur every month because the moon's orbital plane doesn't "lie flat" along the ecliptic, but forms an angle of about 5º as you can see in this diagram (note: the distances in this diagram are not to scale).

http://www.ap.stmarys.ca/demos/content/astronomy/lunar_eclipse/lunar_eclipse.html


400 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

This image is an example of ????

http://www.coldwater.k12.mi.us/lms/planetarium/guide/moon.html#wax%20cres


400a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

A waning crescent moon

http://www.bellatrixobservatory.org/moon.jpg


500 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The phases of the moon are due to ________


500a not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The position of the Earth, Sun, and Moon.

**Light on right, moon is getting bright.

http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/Images/StarChild/icons/moon_from_earth.gif


100 not sure of the cause. All the dinosaurs and many other groups of animals and plants became extinct around this time. The most popular theory is that a mountain-sized meteorite hit the Earth, throwing up a thick cloud of dust and causing tidal waves and global forest fires. The dust hid the Sun. This might have killed many plants, which need light to live. It might also have cooled the Earth and so killed the dinosaurs which, being unable to keep themselves warm, might have stopped moving and so starved.

The unit of measurement that scientists use to measure distances in space.


The closest star to the earth, not counting our own sun, is Alpha Centauri. This star, our solar system's closest stellar neighbor is 4.3 light years away from the earth! This means that the closest star to the earth (besides the sun) is >>>> 23,462,784,000,000 miles away from us!

100a

Light years

Distances in space are huge and if we used miles or kilometers our data (numbers) would be huge. One light year is equal to an extremely long distance - 5,865,696,000,000 miles to be exact!

http://www.rlrouse.com/astronomy/light-year.html


200 Alpha Centauri. This star, our

Galaxies are classified by ??


200a Alpha Centauri. This star, our

Their shape. The Milky Way Galaxy is a spiral galaxy.

http://www.ncsu.edu/project/agronauts/mission1_2.htm


300 Alpha Centauri. This star, our

Billions of stars clustered together are called???


300a Alpha Centauri. This star, our

Galaxies

This is a picture of an irregular galaxy.

http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/StarChild/universe_level2/ngc6822.html


400 Alpha Centauri. This star, our

What two forces keep our planets in orbit around the sun?


400a Alpha Centauri. This star, our

Gravity and Inertia (sideways motion in image).

http://www.ncsu.edu/project/agronauts/mission1_2.htm


500 Alpha Centauri. This star, our

Why can Hubble take clearer pictures that Earth based telescopes?


500a Alpha Centauri. This star, our

It is above our “pesky” atmosphere.

http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/ap970306.html


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