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In Freud\'s footsteps. Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and Others. Carl jung. He and Freud were friends once. Disagreed with Freud on two major points: He had a more positive view of human nature. Distinguished between Personal unconscious and Collective unconscious .

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in freud s footsteps

In Freud\'s footsteps

Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and Others

carl jung
Carl jung
  • He and Freud were friends once.
  • Disagreed with Freud on two major points:
    • He had a more positive view of human nature.
    • Distinguished between Personal unconscious and Collective unconscious.
      • Personal: similar to Freud’s idea of the unconscious.
      • Collective: storehouse of instincts, urges, and memories of the entire human species throughout history.
  • Archetypes: inherited, universal ideas.
archetypes
Archetypes
  • Jung identified by studying dreams, and visions, paintings, poetry, myths, and religions.
  • Cultures share many in common.
    • Jack and Jill (David and Goliath).
  • Help to build the foundation of our personalities.
    • Self: an archetype that gives us direction and provides a sense of completeness.
alfred adler
Alfred Adler
  • Driving force was a desire to overcome feelings of inferiority.
    • Demosthenes: overcame a speech impediment by practicing speaking with pebbles in his mouth and became the greatest orator of ancient Greece.
    • Napoleon: a short man who conquered Europe in the early 1800s.
    • Glenn Cunningham: an Olympic runner who, as a child, lost his toes in a fire and had to plead with doctors not to amputate his legs.
adler continued
Adler, continued
  • Inferiority Complex: a pattern of avoiding feelings of inadequacy rather than trying to overcome their source.
    • Lifestyles: pattern of overcoming inadequacies.
  • Parents influence the styles of life their children choose.
    • Overpampering vs. neglect.
    • Ideally, a child should learn self-reliance and courage from the father and generosity and feeling for others from the mother. (Adler)
karen horney
Karen Horney
  • Basic anxiety
    • A child feels this because she is helpless.
  • Basic hostility
    • A resentment on one’s parents.
  • Disagreed with Freud:
    • She believed that if a child was raised with love and security, that child could avoid psychosexual parent-child conflict that Freud described.
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