Business and the Environment. “Clean, Green, and Rich”. MNCs and the Environment The Chemical Industry. Union Carbide: Bhopal, India, 1984 Toxic gas leak 3,000 + 2,000 deaths Estimated 578,000 people affected Poor safety procedure and maintenance Poor compensation ($500!)
Business and the Environment
“Clean, Green, and Rich”
Under Responsible Care ®, the worldwide chemical industry is committed to continual improvement in all aspects of health, safety and environmental performance and to open communication about its activities and achievements.
Demand rights, social, economic, and environmental justice
Lead by Ken Saro-Wiwa
Shell “persona nongrata” in Ogoniland
Ken Saro-Wiwa sentenced to death and executed
Shell sued in NY court by Saro-Wiwa widow and human rights organizations
What factors explain the greening of Shell and the chemical industry?
Is this Greening or Greenwashing?