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Fads. 1980 the Rubik’s Cube became popular 1983 Cabbage Patch Kids are popular May 22, 1980 Pac Man is released in Japan→ October 1980 it is introduced to the US It is one of the most popular games in history

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Fads

Fads

  • 1980 the Rubik’s Cube became popular

  • 1983 Cabbage Patch Kids are popular

  • May 22, 1980 Pac Man is released in Japan→ October 1980 it is introduced to the US

  • It is one of the most popular games in history

  • 1981 Ms. Pac Man came out unauthorized, but it became so popular Nameco made it an official game

  • It took 19 years for someone to beat Pac Man

  • The Smurfs also became popular in the 1980s

  • Originally popular from the comics created by Pierre Culliford, the comics became a T.V. show in 1981 by Hanna Barbara Studios


Nintendo

Nintendo

  • Nintendo was originally founded in 1889 to manufacture Japanese playing cards

  • 1983 Nintendo releases home game console called Famicom

  • 1985 the Nintendo Entertainment System or NES was released

  • 1985 Mario Bros→ 1986 The Legend of Zelda→ 1987 Metroid are released

  • In 1989 DiC released the Mario Bros Show and the Legend of Zelda was not far behind

  • NES was an International success and continued to create more like the hand held Gameboy in 1989


Fads

Nike

  • Nike entered the 1980s in a roll due to the success of the Nike Air Technology

  • By the end of 1980 Nike completed its IPO and became a publicly traded company

  • Nike sales went down due to the aerobic boom, but NBA rookie Michael Jordan helped bolster Nike’s bottom line in 1985

  • 1987 Nike created something new in their Air Max: Visible Air Bags

  • Memorable commercial to the Beatles’ song “Revolution”

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p3sjW5LTm9c


Slang

Slang

  • Bad: very good, excellent, cool, awesome

  • Chocoholic: a word to describe an alcoholic

  • Ditz: less harsh way to describe some one who isn’t very bright

  • Dweeb: geek, nerd, someone who is not “in”

  • Stoked: To be ready to do something

  • http://www.tripletsandus.com/80s/slang.htm


Fashion

Fashion

  • Hair

  • Girls: Glitter, side ponytails, feathered hair, multi colors, crimped, ultra teased

  • Boys: Mullets, Mohawks, long, curly, slightly teased

  • Face

  • Girls: vivid make-up, glitter, light pink lips

  • Boys: glasses, punk piercings

  • Clothes

  • Girls: Leg warmers, spandex, tight stone washed jeans, neon, mini skirts, headbands, crop tops, off the shoulder tops

  • Boys: Sleeveless shirts, spandex, chains on leather, Rock Band Shirts

  • ANY KIND OF AEROBIC WEAR


Reagan s approach to the soviet union

Reagan's Approach To The Soviet Union

  • When Reagan took office for his first term he was very harsh against communist Soviet Union. He put weapons (Nuclear) in Germany and Great Britain.

  • When Reagan took office for a second term it was peaceful confrontation with the Soviet Union and arms build up in the United States.

  • He advocated a huge military build up so the Soviet Union would eventually have to surrender because it wouldn't be able to match the power of the army.

  • in 1987 A treaty was filed with eliminated nuclear weapon (Medium Range) From Europe


Aerobics

Aerobics

  • Became very popular in the 1980s

  • Cross of dance, calisthenics, and athletic training that is choreographed to music

  • The routines were very hard to perform

  • Routines were all synchronized

  • Aerobics led to the fashion in the 1980s since a trend was spandex and leotards

  • Aerobics became so popular that the Nation Aerobic Championship was held


Television cable tv

Television (Cable TV)

  • With this invention ABC, CBS, and NBC lost their monopoly over the other TV channels

  • 1980 Ted Turner unveiled the Cable News Network (CNN)

  • Rupert Murdoch and Barry Pillard create Twentieth Century Fox and created Fox TV for 1 Billion dollars

  • 1986 82% if American adults watched TV daily

  • Average household had TV on for 7 hours each day

  • Sunday night was the most popular night to watch TV

  • 1985 68% (60 million) American households had cable TV and 88% of those Americans subscribed for HBO and Showtime


Movies

Movies

  • The Breakfast Club

  • This movie deconstucts the stereotypes of kids

  • Creative ending because audience is left wondering what will happen on Monday

  • How each person feels at the end is due to what stereotype he or she may believe in

  • In 1984 the PG- 13 rating was created

  • In 1982 E.T. was released and quickly became one of the most loved movies of all time


Movies war games 1983

Movies (War Games 1983)

  • About a young computer whizz who accidentally connects to the War Operation Response Plan, a super computer when trying to play a game

  • The super computer has control over the US nuclear arsenal

  • The computer whizz decides to play global Thermonuclear War where he is Russia and the computer is the US

  • The innocent game they are playing almost launches the two countries into World War III


Fads

MTV

  • MTV was established in 1981

  • The first Music Video Played was “Video Killed the Radio” by the Buggies

  • I asked my mother who was in college what was most memorable about MTV in the 1980s:

  • Becky Condo: “I remember when Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” was going to air in 1983. One of my friends and his roommate had a cable T.V. in their dorm room at Gannon, something out of the ordinary. At midnight on the night it aired, my roommate and I actually got to watch the music video on cable TV!”


Popular tv shows

Popular TV Shows

  • The Scooby and Scrappy Doo Show (1983)

  • Bill Cosby (1984)

  • Roseanne (1988)

  • Saved by the Bell (1989)

  • Degrassi Junior High (1989)


Music of the 80 s

Music of the 80’s

  • Revolutionary decade

  • Teen pop replaced disco

  • Urban pop

  • Rock

  • New Wave


Music

Cyndi Lauper

Prince

Queen

Music

New Kids on the Block

MötleyCrüe

Whitney Houston

MichaelJackson

Madonna

Def Leppard


Music1

Music

  • MTV debuted with “Video Killed the Radio Star” by The Buggles as the first music video ever made.

  • Music became a marketing tool for advertisements and movies

  • Compact disc were created


Music2

Music

  • Music had positive and negative impacts on society:

    • Positive: Artists’ popularity revived

    • Negative: “Visual over music” idea


How did anti communism shape reagan s foreign policy

How Did Anti-Communism Shape Reagan's Foreign Policy

  • Reagan increased military spending on weapons and called for new weapon systems. He was against communism.

  • He created the Regan Doctrine- Aiding anticommunist countries and movements (Asia, Africa, Latin America)

  • He put a higher military presence where he felt that people or countries were threatened by communist influences (El-Salvador, Nicaragua)


Collapse of the soviet union

Collapse of the Soviet Union

  • Began in 1985 when Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the USSR

  • Soviets are burdened by failing economy, repressive political system, and heavy military costs

  • Glasnost: Gorbachev’s promise to provide more freedom for the Soviet Union Citizens

  • Glasnost encouraged people to criticize the government

  • Complained about the economy because of the arms race


Perestoika

Perestoika

  • Perestroika: Gorbachev’s economic plan to restructure Soviet economy and government

  • Modernized Soviet Factories

  • Opened ideas of a capitalist democratic government

  • Dramatically began to change lives of Soviet people

  • To further domestic goals and defuse the costly war Gorbachev pursued for détente


Intermediate range nuclear forces treaty

Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty

  • In 1987 Gorbachev and Reagan signed the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)

  • Eliminated all medium range weapons in Europe

  • With drawl of Soviet Troops from Afghanistan

  • May 1988 US Senate ratifies treaty


End of the cold war

End of The Cold War

  • Gorbachev’s changes helped end the Cold War and the USSR

  • 1989 pro- democracy movement in East Germany

  • Tens of Thousands of East Germans fled to West Germany through Hungary

  • Erich Honecker the current ruler of East Germany was forced to resign

  • November 9, 1989 the Berlin Wall was opened to promote peace

  • The fall of the Berlin Wall signified the end of the Cold War

  • The destruction of the Berlin Wall was celebrated World wide

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zmRPP2WXX0U


Iran contra affair 1985 1992

Iran-Contra Affair (1985-1992)

  • Boland Agreement- prohibited aid to the Contras by any executive branch agency that was involved in intelligence agencies.

  • Congress wanted to give humanitarian aid, not military aid.

  • Contras- Nicaraguan rebel army recruited, financed, and armed by the CIA to overthrow the Sadinista government in Nicaragua.

  • Reagan’s administration was secretly sending weapons to Iran in exchange for their releasing of U.S. hostages

  • 1986-Reagan finds out – sends an investigation


Iran contra affair

Iran-Contra Affair

  • Question: How did Reagan’s staff break the law by giving Contras money?

  • Taken to court, but North plead his innocence.

  • Poindexter insisted that even if he asked Reagan, he would have approved.

National Security Advisor John Poindexter

Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North


Iran contra affair1

Iran-Contra Affair

  • How did the Reagan supply the Contras?

    -North created an organization called The Enterprise that would serve as the secret arm of the Council.

    -Assisted by the CIA and other government agencies, without any accountability required from the US government.


Iran contra affair2

Iran Contra Affair

  • North was convicted of lying to Congress and unlawfully destroying government documents.

  • Poindexter was convicted of deceiving Congress.

  • However, in 1992, President Bush issued presidential pardons to all indicted in the scandal as they were said to be “acting strictly out of patriotism”.


Iran contra affair3

Iran-Contra Affair

  • Reagan’s legacy was not impacted significantly because he was able to deny his involvement in the affair.

  • Popularity declined 67%  46%


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