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Unidad 4.1. Mexico antiguo y moderno. Montezuma . Mexico antiguo y moderno. In this lesson you will learn: Describe early civilizations and their activities Describe the layout of a modern city Ask for and give directions Use verbs with i -y spelling change in the preterite

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Unidad 4.1

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Unidad 4 1

Unidad 4.1

Mexico antiguo y moderno



Mexico antiguo y moderno

Mexico antiguo y moderno

In this lesson you will learn:

  • Describe early civilizations and their activities

  • Describe the layout of a modern city

  • Ask for and give directions

  • Use verbs with i-y spelling change in the preterite

  • Use the preterite of car, gar and zar verbs

  • Use more verbs with irregular preterite stems

Verbs with a spelling change

Verbs with a spelling change

  • Some verbs are spelled differently in the past tense in order to maintain their pronunciation.

  • English verbs that end en –c, for example, have a –k added before the –ed ending to maintain the hard –c sound.

  • I panic.I panicked.

Verbs with a spelling change1

Verbs with a spelling change

  • In the preterite, verbs that end in car, gar and zar are spelled differently in the yo form to maintain their pronunciation.

  • Buscarc becomesquYobusqué

  • PagargbecomesguYopagué

  • EmpezarzbecomescYoempecé

Car verbs

-car verbs

  • Buscar- to look for




    Other car verbs:

    Sacar, tocar,practicar

Gar verbs

-gar verbs

  • Pagar-to pay




    Other gar verbs:

    Llegar, jugar, apagar

Zar verbs

-zar verbs

  • Almorzar-to have lunch




    Other –zar verbs

    Empezar, comenzar, cruzar, cazar



  • ¿Quéalmorzaste? ¿Con quién?

  • ¿Cuándojugaste un deporte con tu amigo?

  • ¿Cuántopagasteportuszapatos?

  • ¿A quéhorallegaste a la escuela?

  • ¿Sacasteunabuena nota en el examenayer?

  • ¿A quéhoraempezó la clase?

  • ¿Quiéntocó la guitarra en el concierto?

  • ¿Ustedesbuscaronlasentradaspara el concierto?

Other verbs to know change the i to y in 3 rd person

Other verbs to know:-change the ito y in 3rd person

Construir (to build)




Leer (to read)




*** note that leer in the preterite has accents on the i

Irregular verbs

Irregular verbs

  • Some English verbs completely alter their root forms in the past tense.

  • They don’t take the standard pas tense endings –d and –ed.

  • To bring- He brought.

  • To eat-He ate.

Irregular verbs1

Irregular verbs

  • The verbs venir, querer, decir, and traer are irregular in the preterite.

  • All four verbs have irregular preterite stems. Venir and querer take the same endings as estar, poder, poner, saber and tener

  • Venir=vin

  • Querer=quis

  • The verb querer in the preterite sometimes means tried.

  • Nosotrosquisimosverlasruinaspero no pudimos.

  • We tried to see the ruins but we couldn’t.




Irregular verbs2

Irregular verbs

  • The preterite of decir and traer end in j.

  • Use the same irregular endings as we used for the other irregular verbs except you drop the i from third person plural.

  • Decir= dij-

  • Traer=traj-




Put the correct verb form of ir venir querer decir and traer

Put the correct verb form of ir, venir, querer, decir and traer

  • El viernesyo_______a la fiesta de Marcos con Juan y Maria.

  • Yo______unregalo y Juan y Maria _____el pastel.

  • Yo no sabíaquePablo_____a la fiesta.

  • Yo______bailarperoteníaverguenza. (embarrassed)

  • Juan le ________ “FelizCumpleaños” a Marcos.

  • Muchas personas _____a la fiesta.


Oral activity

Oral activity

  • Page 234

  • Answer the questions about an imaginary trip to an excavation of ancient ruins with your Spanish class

  • You will present to class.

Unidad 4 1


A) You are in the corner of República de Uruguay and PinoSuárez. Continue straight for 5 blocks on República de Uruguay and turn right @ Lázaro Cardenas. Continue straight for 3 blocks and it's on the left.

B) Start at the corner of Carmen St. and Soledad. Continue on Carmen St. for 1 block. Make a left @ Monded St. and continue for 1 block, make a right @ República de Argentina, walk for one block and it's on the right.

C) Start @ the corner of Lázaro Cardenas and Francisco Madero. Continue straight on Madero for 4 blocks, make a right @ Monte de Piedad. Walk for one block and make a left @ 16 de Septiembre. Walk for 2 blocks and it's on the right.

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