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Unidad 4.1. Mexico antiguo y moderno. Montezuma . Mexico antiguo y moderno. In this lesson you will learn: Describe early civilizations and their activities Describe the layout of a modern city Ask for and give directions Use verbs with i -y spelling change in the preterite

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unidad 4 1

Unidad 4.1

Mexico antiguo y moderno

mexico antiguo y moderno
Mexico antiguo y moderno

In this lesson you will learn:

  • Describe early civilizations and their activities
  • Describe the layout of a modern city
  • Ask for and give directions
  • Use verbs with i-y spelling change in the preterite
  • Use the preterite of car, gar and zar verbs
  • Use more verbs with irregular preterite stems
verbs with a spelling change
Verbs with a spelling change
  • Some verbs are spelled differently in the past tense in order to maintain their pronunciation.
  • English verbs that end en –c, for example, have a –k added before the –ed ending to maintain the hard –c sound.
  • I panic. I panicked.
verbs with a spelling change1
Verbs with a spelling change
  • In the preterite, verbs that end in car, gar and zar are spelled differently in the yo form to maintain their pronunciation.
  • Buscarc becomes quYobusqué
  • Pagarg becomes guYopagué
  • Empezarz becomes cYoempecé
car verbs
-car verbs
  • Buscar- to look for




Other car verbs:

Sacar, tocar,practicar

gar verbs
-gar verbs
  • Pagar-to pay




Other gar verbs:

Llegar, jugar, apagar

zar verbs
-zar verbs
  • Almorzar-to have lunch




Other –zar verbs

Empezar, comenzar, cruzar, cazar

  • ¿Quéalmorzaste? ¿Con quién?
  • ¿Cuándojugaste un deporte con tu amigo?
  • ¿Cuántopagasteportuszapatos?
  • ¿A quéhorallegaste a la escuela?
  • ¿Sacasteunabuena nota en el examenayer?
  • ¿A quéhoraempezó la clase?
  • ¿Quiéntocó la guitarra en el concierto?
  • ¿Ustedesbuscaronlasentradaspara el concierto?
other verbs to know change the i to y in 3 rd person
Other verbs to know:-change the ito y in 3rd person

Construir (to build)




Leer (to read)


leíste leísteis


*** note that leer in the preterite has accents on the i

irregular verbs
Irregular verbs
  • Some English verbs completely alter their root forms in the past tense.
  • They don’t take the standard pas tense endings –d and –ed.
  • To bring- He brought.
  • To eat- He ate.
irregular verbs1
Irregular verbs
  • The verbs venir, querer, decir, and traer are irregular in the preterite.
  • All four verbs have irregular preterite stems. Venir and querer take the same endings as estar, poder, poner, saber and tener
  • Venir=vin
  • Querer=quis
  • The verb querer in the preterite sometimes means tried.
  • Nosotrosquisimosverlasruinaspero no pudimos.
  • We tried to see the ruins but we couldn’t.

-e -imos

-iste -isteis

-o -ieron

irregular verbs2
Irregular verbs
  • The preterite of decir and traer end in j.
  • Use the same irregular endings as we used for the other irregular verbs except you drop the i from third person plural.
  • Decir= dij-
  • Traer=traj-

-e -imos

-iste -isteis

-o -eron

put the correct verb form of ir venir querer decir and traer
Put the correct verb form of ir, venir, querer, decir and traer
  • El viernesyo_______a la fiesta de Marcos con Juan y Maria.
  • Yo______unregalo y Juan y Maria _____el pastel.
  • Yo no sabíaquePablo_____a la fiesta.
  • Yo______bailarperoteníaverguenza. (embarrassed)
  • Juan le ________ “FelizCumpleaños” a Marcos.
  • Muchas personas _____a la fiesta.


oral activity
Oral activity
  • Page 234
  • Answer the questions about an imaginary trip to an excavation of ancient ruins with your Spanish class
  • You will present to class.


A) You are in the corner of República de Uruguay and PinoSuárez. Continue straight for 5 blocks on República de Uruguay and turn right @ Lázaro Cardenas. Continue straight for 3 blocks and it\'s on the left.

B) Start at the corner of Carmen St. and Soledad. Continue on Carmen St. for 1 block. Make a left @ Monded St. and continue for 1 block, make a right @ República de Argentina, walk for one block and it\'s on the right.

C) Start @ the corner of Lázaro Cardenas and Francisco Madero. Continue straight on Madero for 4 blocks, make a right @ Monte de Piedad. Walk for one block and make a left @ 16 de Septiembre. Walk for 2 blocks and it\'s on the right.