U N I T 5. 1. PAST TIMES. 5.1- Expressing ability and inability in the past. Nieto. RALLY ON 2. TIME EXPRESSIONS. 2. YESTERDAY. WHEN I WAS 10 WHEN SHE WAS A CHILD WHEN WE WERE YOUNGER. THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY. LAST MONDAY. LAST DECEMBER. THREE MONTHS AGO.
5.1- Expressing ability and inability in the past
RALLY ON 2
WHEN I WAS 10
WHEN SHE WAS A CHILD
WHEN WE WERE YOUNGER
THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY
THREE MONTHS AGO
AN HOUR AGO
TEN MINUTES AGO
I was at the school yesterday afternoon. Iwas with my partners.
You were at the park last week. You were with a friend.
Mary was at home last night. She was with her family.
Peter was at the movies last Saturday. He was with his friends.
The dog was at the back-yard today. It was playing with a bone.
You and I were at the school yesterday afternoon. We were studying hard.
Mary and Peter were at the zoo this morning. They were watching the animals.
Were you at the school yesterday? No, I wasn’t
Was Mary at home last night?
Yes, she was.
Was Peterat the park last Saturday?
No, he wasn’t.
Where was Peter last Saturday?
He was at the movies.
I _________a baseball player five years ago.
You _________a child ten years ago.
Pele _________a wonderful soccer player many years ago.
She _______a beautiful woman when she was younger.
This party _______a great idea.
They _________very closed friends last year.
VERB TO BE IN PAST TENSE
WAS & WERE
GIVE YOUR ANSWER
1- We use WAS with a) we, you, they. or b) I, he, she, it.
2- We use WERE with a) we, you, they. or b) I, he, she, it.
Answers ; 1- (b) 2- ( a)
My father _________________ born in Matehuala, San Luis Potosi
My wife ___________________ born in Matehuala, too
My mother_________________ born in Matehuala, but in Santiago NL.
My grandparents _______________ born in Monterrey, but in Santiago,
My brothers and I ______________ born in Matehuala, but in Mty.
My kids ______________ born in Monterrey, too
My grand-daughter ____________born in Monterrey, but in Dallas.
Read the diary pages and complete them.
Decide which is Lucia’s and which is Ivy’s
I ______at the movies.
________your brother at school at 7 yesterday ?
at home last night?
And your sister ?
He ________at home.
_______ your parents with you last Saturday ?
She _____with me.
No, _________ They _________
We __________at school yesterday morning.
last Sunday ?
at the lake.
It _____ windy and cold.
____the weathernice in Dallas, Darling?
What _______ the best thingfrom Los Cabos ?
Present Past Negative
Skip the rope
Use a computer
Play the piano
Most regular verbs add –”ed” verb + “ed” walk-- walked
Verbs ending in-”e” add – ”d” verb + “d ” live - lived
Verbs ending in vowel + “y” verb + “ed” play - played
change “y” to“i”
and add –“ed”
Verbs ending in consonant +“y”
Verbs ending in one stressed
vowel + one consonant:
Double the consonant
and add- “ed”
stop – stopped
I R R E G U L A R V E R B S
Irregular verbs change completely and it is necessary to memorize them.
Take –took leave –left go –went do –did have –had
W R I T E O N Y O U R N O T E B O O K
PRONUNCIATION OF THE PAST TENSE REGULAR VERBS
The past tense ending –ed , has three different pronunciations
Talked , fixed , stopped , watched , worked , helped , danced ,liked ,looked
2.-Past tense –ed is pronounced / d / after voiced sounds [l,m,n,r,b,v,w,y,z]
except after the sound / d / (attend, decide)
arrived called died killed used played described listened lived
3.- Past tense –ed is pronounced / id / after the sounds / t / and / d / .
corrected decorated attended decided loaded wanted needed added waited
Can / can’t
I can drive a car, but I can’t play guitar.
She can dance, but she can’t sing.
They can play soccer, but they can’t swim.
Could / couldn’t
When we were six, we could ride a bike.
When she was two she couldn’t ride a bike.
Two years ago, they couldn’t use a PC, but now they can.
When he was younger he could run very fast, but now he can’t.
When I was a child, I could run very fast.
Your mother ?
She couldn’t speak English when she went to England for the first time.
And my brother ?
ago, he couldn’t speak English.
No, sweetie I couldn’t, but I could climb trees
Daddy, could you ride a bike when you were 5?
I could sonny
Dad, could you read when you were in preschool?
I could play soccer when I was 8.
He could play the piano when he was 10.
She could sing when she was a child.
We could run very fast when we were 12.
We use could to talk about abilities in the past
We use couldn’t to talk about inabilities in the past.
She couldn’t read when she was 6.
Could and Couldn’t is used with all subjects.
Could is followed by the verb in its simple form.