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U N I T 5. 1. PAST TIMES. 5.1- Expressing ability and inability in the past. Nieto. RALLY ON 2. TIME EXPRESSIONS. 2. YESTERDAY. WHEN I WAS 10 WHEN SHE WAS A CHILD WHEN WE WERE YOUNGER. THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY. LAST MONDAY. LAST DECEMBER. THREE MONTHS AGO.

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U N I T 5

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U n i t 5

U N I T 5

1

PAST TIMES

5.1- Expressing ability and inability in the past

Nieto

RALLY ON 2


U n i t 5

TIME EXPRESSIONS

2

YESTERDAY

WHEN I WAS 10

WHEN SHE WAS A CHILD

WHEN WE WERE YOUNGER

THE DAY BEFORE YESTERDAY

LAST MONDAY

LAST DECEMBER

THREE MONTHS AGO

LAST NIGHT

LAST WEEK

AN HOUR AGO

LAST MONTH

LAST YEAR

LAST DECADE

IN 1940

THIS MORNING

THIS AFTERNOON

THIS EVENING

LAST CENTURY

LAST MILENIUM

TEN MINUTES AGO

NIETO


U n i t 5

3

I was at the school yesterday afternoon. Iwas with my partners.

You were at the park last week. You were with a friend.

Mary was at home last night. She was with her family.

Peter was at the movies last Saturday. He was with his friends.

The dog was at the back-yard today. It was playing with a bone.

You and I were at the school yesterday afternoon. We were studying hard.

Mary and Peter were at the zoo this morning. They were watching the animals.

Were you at the school yesterday? No, I wasn’t

Was Mary at home last night?

Yes, she was.

Was Peterat the park last Saturday?

No, he wasn’t.

Where was Peter last Saturday?

He was at the movies.

Nieto


U n i t 5

I _________a baseball player five years ago.

was

Nieto

4

You _________a child ten years ago.

were

was

Pele _________a wonderful soccer player many years ago.

was

She _______a beautiful woman when she was younger.

was

This party _______a great idea.

were

They _________very closed friends last year.


U n i t 5

5

VERB TO BE IN PAST TENSE

WAS & WERE

GIVE YOUR ANSWER

1- We use WAS with a) we, you, they. or b) I, he, she, it.

2- We use WERE with a) we, you, they. or b) I, he, she, it.

Answers ; 1- (b) 2- ( a)

Nieto


U n i t 5

6

PRACTICE: Joe is talking about his family. Choose the correct form of the verb To Bewas / wasn’t, were / weren’t

was

My father _________________ born in Matehuala, San Luis Potosi

My wife ___________________ born in Matehuala, too

My mother_________________ born in Matehuala, but in Santiago NL.

My grandparents _______________ born in Monterrey, but in Santiago,

My brothers and I ______________ born in Matehuala, but in Mty.

My kids ______________ born in Monterrey, too

My grand-daughter ____________born in Monterrey, but in Dallas.

was

wasn’t

weren’t

weren’t

were

wasn’t

Nieto


U n i t 5

7

Read the diary pages and complete them.

Decide which is Lucia’s and which is Ivy’s

were

was

was

were

was

were

were

was

Nieto

Ivy’s


U n i t 5

8

was

was

were

was

was

wasn’t

was

were

was

was

NIETO

Lucia’s


U n i t 5

No, I________

I ______at the movies.

wasn’t

________your brother at school at 7 yesterday ?

Was

__________you

at home last night?

was

Were

9

And your sister ?

he wasn’t

No, _________.

He ________at home.

was

_______ your parents with you last Saturday ?

Were

She _____with me.

was

weren’t ,

No, _________ They _________

in Cancun.

were

Nieto

We __________at school yesterday morning.

were


U n i t 5

Where _______

last Sunday ?

were you

I _______

at the lake.

No, ________.

It _____ windy and cold.

____the weathernice in Dallas, Darling?

Was

was

it wasn’t

was

It was

_______the disco.

was

10

What _______ the best thingfrom Los Cabos ?

Nieto


U n i t 5

Nieto

11


U n i t 5

Be in Past Tense

12

Present PastNegative

amwas

BEis+ not

arewere


Complete the following questions with was or were then ask and answer the questions with a partner

Complete the following questions with WAS or WERE. Then ask and answer the questions with a partner.

13

Were

  • _________________ you born in this city?

  • When ________________ you born?

  • Where ________________ your parents born?

  • When ________________ your mother born?

  • When _________________ your father born?

  • ________________ you and your family born in this city last year?

  • _________________ you at this school last year?

  • Who __________________ your English teacher?

  • What nationality _______________ your first English teacher?

  • What _________________ she / he like?

  • Nieto

were

were

was

was

Were

Were

was

was

was


U n i t 5

14

Spill

Talk

Want

Pinch

Nieto


U n i t 5

15

Listen to

Skip the rope

Play

Walk

Nieto


U n i t 5

16

Close

Open

Laugh

Count

Nieto


U n i t 5

Play TV games

17

Dance

Watch TV

Cry

Nieto


U n i t 5

18

Use a computer

Wait

Clean

Climb

NIETO


U n i t 5

Play soccer

Play the piano

19

Cook

Call

Nieto


U n i t 5

20

Turn on

Turn off

Study

Share

Nieto


U n i t 5

21

Fix

Push

Look at

Pull

Nieto


U n i t 5

22

Wash

Ask

Colour

Look for

NIETO


U n i t 5

HOW TO FORM THE PAST TENSE OF REGULAR VERBS

Nieto

23

Formation Example

Most regular verbs add –”ed” verb + “ed” walk-- walked

Verbs ending in-”e” add – ”d” verb + “d ” live - lived

Verbs ending in vowel + “y” verb + “ed” play - played

change “y” to“i”

and add –“ed”

cry -cried

Verbs ending in consonant +“y”

Verbs ending in one stressed

vowel + one consonant:

Double the consonant

and add- “ed”

stop – stopped

I R R E G U L A R V E R B S

Irregular verbs change completely and it is necessary to memorize them.

Take –took leave –left go –went do –did have –had


U n i t 5

Nieto

W R I T E O N Y O U R N O T E B O O K

PRONUNCIATION OF THE PAST TENSE REGULAR VERBS

24

The past tense ending –ed , has three different pronunciations

  • Past tense -ed is pronounced / t / after voiceless sounds [p,k,s,sh,ch,f,x,h ]

  • except after the sound / t /. (correct, decorate)

Talked , fixed , stopped , watched , worked , helped , danced ,liked ,looked

2.-Past tense –ed is pronounced / d / after voiced sounds [l,m,n,r,b,v,w,y,z]

except after the sound / d / (attend, decide)

arrived called died killed used played described listened lived

3.- Past tense –ed is pronounced / id / after the sounds / t / and / d / .

corrected decorated attended decided loaded wanted needed added waited


U n i t 5

Can / can’t

25

I can drive a car, but I can’t play guitar.

She can dance, but she can’t sing.

They can play soccer, but they can’t swim.

Could / couldn’t

When we were six, we could ride a bike.

When she was two she couldn’t ride a bike.

Two years ago, they couldn’t use a PC, but now they can.

Nieto

When he was younger he could run very fast, but now he can’t.


U n i t 5

Of course.

When I was a child, I could run very fast.

26

Your mother ?

She couldn’t speak English when she went to England for the first time.

And my brother ?

Two years

ago, he couldn’t speak English.

Nieto


U n i t 5

No, sweetie I couldn’t, but I could climb trees

Daddy, could you ride a bike when you were 5?

27

Of course

I could sonny

Dad, could you read when you were in preschool?

Nieto


U n i t 5

When I was a child, I could do magic tricks.

28

I could play soccer when I was 8.

He could play the piano when he was 10.

She could sing when she was a child.

We could run very fast when we were 12.

We use could to talk about abilities in the past

We use couldn’t to talk about inabilities in the past.

She couldn’t read when she was 6.

Could and Couldn’t is used with all subjects.

THE END

Nieto

Could is followed by the verb in its simple form.


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