Teaching Entrepreneurship at the University of Twente: Models and Practice
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Teaching Entrepreneurship at the University of Twente: Models and Practice. Novi Sad, 25 May 2007. Ir. Jaap J. van Tilburg Project manager at NIKOS (Dutch Institute for Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship), Chairman of Top Spin International, Entrepreneur since 1979, [email protected]

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Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

Teaching Entrepreneurship at the University of Twente: Models and Practice

Novi Sad, 25 May 2007

Ir. Jaap J. van TilburgProject manager at NIKOS(Dutch Institute for Knowledge Intensive Entrepreneurship),Chairman of Top Spin International,Entrepreneur since 1979,[email protected]


Presentation

Presentation

  • Introduction University of Twente

  • Introduction Nikos

    - Mission, Activities and Models on entrepreneurship

  • Teaching entrepreneurship

    - Students

    - Entrepreneurs

  • Appendix


University of twente

University of Twente

Founded 1961

  • 7500 students (57% technical sciences, 43% social sciences)

  • 700 PhD students

  • 5 faculties, 3 technical sciences, 2 social sciences

  • 20 Bachelor’s degrees, 31 Master’s degree courses

  • 5 Major research areas:

    • Computer sciences & telematics

    • Micro- and nano technology

    • Biomedical technology

    • Chemical process technology

    • Governance studies

Campus 330 acre > 100 buildings

Residential students: 2200


University of twente entrepreneurship support

University of Twente entrepreneurship support

  • 1979 TTO (Technology Transfer office)

  • 1983 incubator: BTC (BedrijfsTechnologisch Centrum)

  • 1984 TOP (Temporary entrepreneurial positions)

  • 1984 Course “Becoming an entrepreneur”

  • 1990 Business & Science Park

  • 1990 MESA+ 1996 UTOC (UT Entrepreneurship Centre)

  • 1999 USE (University student enterprises)

  • 2000 Minor entrepreneurship

  • 2001 NIKOS (merger between TTO & UTOC)

  • 2003 “Successfully your own boss” project

  • 2004 Business accelerators in faculties

  • 2005 Master Innovative Entrepreneurship & Business development

  • 2005 Innovation Lab Twente

  • 2006 ECIU international Master Innovation & Entrepreneurship

  • 2006 Knowledge park

  • 2006 Opportunity zone

  • 2007 PRE-incubator / Centre of Entrepreneurship for ambition


Mission nikos

Mission Nikos

  • Nikos consolidates the university’s expertise and experience - from the Chairs for Innovative Entrepreneurship, Marketing, Strategic Management and International Management - in a professional academic team, qualified to do research, teach, offer consultancy and business development support in these fields.

  • We work for and with students, firms in and outside our region, policymakers and partners at the University of Twente.


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

Activitities in NIKOS

  • Research

  • The role of entrepreneurial networking

  • University-Industry Interaction (ECIU)

  • E-commerce in SME’s

  • Global start ups

  • Database of knowledge intensive firms

  • Marie Curie Training site

  • High Tech Small firm Conference0

  • Business Development

  • TOP

  • NENSI

  • KEB

  • Bepart

  • Mephi

  • Global starts

Research

Entrepreneurship

in

networks

Business

Development

Support

Teaching

  • Training & consultancy

  • Market orientation HTSF

  • KVGO/VNO-NCW

  • Rabo

  • International consultancy

  • Teaching

  • Minor Entrepreneurship, international management

  • High tech business development

  • Msc Innovative Entrepreneurship & business

  • development

  • ECIU Master Innovation & Entrepreneurship

Training

and

Consultancy


Social system based process model of entrepreneurship

Social system based process model of Entrepreneurship


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

4S-Model: What are the needs of an entrepreneur?

  • Culture, values, norms

  • Facilities

  • Personelrrangements & Systems

  • Knowledge

  • Ideas

  • Assessing the opportunity

  • Strategic processes

  • Business plan

Scope:

from

idea to

Strategy

Entrepreneur

and

Enterprise

Skills:

Patterns of

Organisation

Scale: Economy:

Financial means

Social

Network-Contacts

Contacts with: - clients - suppliers - experts - colleagues - support agents

  • Own capital

  • bridging development period

  • Financing investments - Venture Capital - Loans


Training students in entrepreneurship

Training students in entrepreneurship

  • Ca. 1984 Course “Become an entrepreneur”

  • Ca. 1990 Course “Managing an SME”

    • Ca. 600 entrepreneurs attended

  • 2000 Minor Entrepreneurship

  • 2003 Master Innovation and Entrepreneurship

  • 2007 ECIU Master Entrepreneurship

  • Additional entrepreneurship in the curriculum


Entrepreneurship in the curriculum 1

Entrepreneurship in the curriculum (1)

3yr Bachelor / elective Minor

1 & 2 year Master tracks


Minor entrepreneurship

Minor entrepreneurship

  • Since 2000 (first in The Netherlands)

  • Ca. 40 participants per year

  • Top 5 of 50 minors offered at university


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

Courses

in the Minor Entrepreneurship


Masters in entrepreneurship

Masters in entrepreneurship

  • Master Innovation & Entrepreneurship

    • Since 3 years

    • 50 students per year

    • One year

    • 60 EC (European Credits)

  • ECIU Joint Master Innovation & Entrepreneurship

    • Will start Autumn 2007

    • Additional year


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

Master IE &BD (1 year programme):

Principles of Entrepreneurship

HRM & Organisational Change

Financial Management of Business Venturing

Design and management of the innovative organization

Business development in context

Business development in networks

Master Class

Thesis

Master 2nd year programme together with University of Aalborg (Denmark)


Master innovation entrepreneurship

Master Innovation & Entrepreneurship

  • Semester 1:

    Innovation and Entrepreneurship

  • Semester 2:

    Entrepreneuring with radical new technology

    • Management of Technology

    • Technology dynamics in a societal perspective

    • Methods and techniques of research

    • Projects Advanced Technology (1) in combination with real life cases


Master innovation entrepreneurship1

Master Innovation & Entrepreneurship

  • Semester 3:

    Entrepreneuring with radical new technology

    • Market oriented high-tech entrepreneurship

    • Financing high-tech ventures

    • Knowledge management & protection for exploitation of innovation

    • Methods and techniques of research and consultancy

    • Master class / capita selecta

    • Advanced technology (2) business development projects in High-tech-High-potential pre-incubator

  • Semester 4:

    Thesis project -> generating business


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

ECIU Master Innovation & Entrepreneurship

  • International 120 EC course, offered by University of Twente and Aalborg Universitet

  • Closely linked to master track Innovation & Entrepreneurship

  • 60 EC compulsory programme: 1st semester in Twente and 2nd semester in Aalborg

  • Minimally one – maximally three semesters study in Aalborg


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

ECIU Master

  • Study scheme:

  • Master thesis:

  • project under co-supervision of staff from UT & AAU

  • Double diploma from UT & AAU:

  • - Business administration (UT) +

  • - Master Innovation, Knowledge & Entrepreneurship (AAU)


Additional entrepreneurship in the curriculum

Additional Entrepreneurship in the curriculum

  • Advanced Technologies

    • Bachelor programme with “entrepreneurship and business development” as a specialisation

  • Industrial Design

    • In Bachelor programme: Market-oriented entrepreneurship

  • Business & Information Technolgies

    • In Master programme: Business Development in Networks

  • For Ph D students: Business planning and technology dynamics

  • For all students (elective):

    • Become your own Boss

    • Managing an SME


Training entrepreneurs on the job

Training entrepreneurs “on the job”

  • Ca. 1984 Programme TOP Temporal Entrepreneurial Positions

  • Ca. 1984 Course “Become an entrepreneur”

  • Ca. 1990 Course “Management SME”

  • 2003 Pre incubator Become your own boss

  • 2008 High Tech Pre incubator at University of Twente

  • 2009 High Tech Pre incubator training and research laboratory with other European universities


Top training in practice

TOP = training in practice

1 year support

  • University mentor

  • University office and research facilities

  • Use of University image

  • University network available

  • Business mentor

  • Interest free loan


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

Kansrijk Eigen Baas

(Become your own boss)

Overijssel


Group based support selection

Group based support/selection

  • “Become your own boss” (200 firms created in 2,5 year in rural area)

  • Individual trajectories (self selection based)

  • Group based (n=60, 4-6 months)

  • Self selection + assessment

  • Intensive training, ideas brought in, process of enterprise concept development


Teaching entrepreneurship at the university of twente models and practice

New Program for generating High potential entrepreneurial teams creating business out of UT-technology


High tech high potential group based selection process

High Tech / High potential Group based selection process

  • Enterprising with knowledge

  • Group based (n=60, 4-6 months) + team/concept based 1 year

  • Target groups students Saxion, UT & persons with work experience

  • Using high potential business concepts UT


High tech high potential group based selection process1

High Tech / High potential Group based selection process

  • Self selection + assessment

  • Intensive training, general ideas brought in, process of enterprise concept development

  • Selection of high potential T-M-F teams matched with high potential business concepts

  • Small group/personal coaching with high level business coaches

  • Network with international VC-funds

  • Office space 1000m2


Expected results

Expected Results

  • Groups of 60 persons

  • 30 firms based on own idea development of participants (after 5 years 25 firms, employment >250)

  • 5 firms based on high potential ideas matched with teams based on selection during program (after 5 years, 2-3 firms, employment >250)

  • 2 groups per year, 3 years  employment after 8 year >3000


Characteristics of successful support of entrepreneurial processes

Characteristics of successful support of entrepreneurial processes

  • Multi-dimensional (strategy, organisation, networking, economics)

  • Multi-level networking: firm level, regional level, global networks enhancing University Industry Interaction across technological fields

  • Multi-actor: combining heterogeneous competencies e.g. creativity, technology, and marketing competencies


High technology small firm conference

High-Technology Small Firm Conference

  • Annual conference in cooperation by University of Twente and University of Manchester

  • 14-15 June 2007 in Manchester

  • 2008 in Twente

  • This conference provides a unique opportunity for an international gathering of academics, opinion formers, policy makers and practitioners to discuss recent developments in the field of HTSF research and policy delivery.


Appendix

Appendix

  • Links

  • 4S Dimensions of Entrepreneurial Networking

  • Valley of Death

  • TOP results

  • Opportunity zones


Links

Links

  • http://www.utwente.nl/nikos/teaching

  • http://www.utwente.nl/top

  • http://www.kansrijkeigenbaas.nl (in Dutch)

  • http://www.eciu.org

  • http://www.mbs.ac.uk/research/high-technology.aspx

  • http://www.topspin.org


Spin off companies university of twente

Spin off Companies University of Twente


Economic results

Economic results:

  • 500 firms in TOP program (since 1985)

  • Approx. 400 survived

  • Total direct employment in region > 3000 fte

  • Indirect employment ?

  • Clustering: ICT, biomedical, process technologies, nano (around Mesa+)


Opportunity zones

Opportunity Zones

  • 3TU Delft, Eindhoven & Twente

  • (techno)starters & growing companies

  • Barriers in legislation, procedures, licenses but also financing (grants, bank loans & venture capital)

  • “concept manager” helps to find the right desk.

  • Direct feedback to Ministry of Economic Affairs

  • Project duration 5 years, started 2006.

  • Matching demand & supply (on all 4 entrepreneurship capitals) on web-log: kansenzone.web-log.nl (in dutch)


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