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Emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath. Knowledge Sharing on tsunami 9-10 May, 2005 Reiko Tsushima, Gender Specialist, SRO Delhi. Why it is important to adopt a gender perspective. What were some sex specific effects of tsunami? What could be done in response?

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emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath

Emerging gender issues in the tsunami aftermath

Knowledge Sharing on tsunami

9-10 May, 2005

Reiko Tsushima, Gender Specialist, SRO Delhi

slide2
Why it is important to adopt a gender perspective.
  • What were some sex specific effects of tsunami?
  • What could be done in response?
  • How will gender equality contribute to long term crisis resistance?
gender lens why is it important
Gender lens : why is it important
  • Human toll results in demographic changes: information available point that 60-80 % deaths were female. Different gender needs of survivors emerging
  • Crisis magnifies existing inequalities:
    • Need to avoid reinforcing existing inequality in access to safety and health, to jobs, credit, land ownership, information, decision making,
  • Enables us to look at impact on both productive and care work and their implications (risk of CL, early marriage etc).
  • To arrive at the real situation of men and women’s work, beyond assumptions
  • Women’s contributions to the local economy and community well being are often overlooked in policies for reconstruction
issues specific to women and girls
Issues specific to women and girls
  • Although legislation allows equal land ownership, traditional bias / practices may still exclude women
  • Lack of voice in decision making, which affects level of benefits they see
  • Women were engaged in productive activity as much as men, in the same sectors…but their jobs were lower paid
  • More households will start to rely on woman\'s earnings - needs for livelihood counseling and skills to secure better jobs
  • Increase in care work, especially as they may now be called to assist single parent/ male relatives
  • Sexual violence and physical abuse
  • Early marriage
  • Indebtedness, trafficking, child labour
  • Women’s SHGs weakened
issues specific to men and boys
Issues specific to men and boys
  • Easily overlooked in psycho social counseling
  • Depression, alcoholism and abuse
  • Need to start coping with non-traditional role of “care giver” for the household
  • Limited skills to find new jobs
  • Indebtedness
  • Trafficking, bonded and child labour
  • Recruitment into armed forces
targeted action
Targeted action
  • Livelihood counseling, skills training and job matching (mainly for women but attention needs to be paid to the casual labourer, those to be relocated)
  • Need to move from a “welfare” approach to one that sees women as economic agents
  • Focus on non traditional skills training
  • Supporting institutionalization of care work
  • Involve men actively in counseling, as well as coping with new reality
  • INFORMATION on their entitlements, job opportunities, gov. policies
mainstreaming
Mainstreaming
  • Needs assessments that collect information disaggregated by sex and analyzes gender differences
  • Include performance indicators that can track whether benefits reached men and women equitably
  • Periodic evaluations that include gender equity as assessment criteria
in summary how will this lead to crisis resistance
In summary… how will this lead to crisis resistance?
  • By empowering women, they will be better equipped to claim benefits in post crisis situations, also be better able protect themselves from sexual violence
  • Working with men to develop positive masculinity values that shun gender based violence will lead to women’s empowerment
  • Increase in women’s income benefits entire household and helps to build the family’s asset base
  • Economic independence of women makes them less vulnerable at widowhood
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