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Academic Advising & Leadership. Robert E. Saggers, PhD. Session Outline. Address the following questions: Are leaders born or made? Is leadership primarily a function of one’s position? Do you consider yourself a leader? What is leadership and what do leaders do?

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Academic Advising & Leadership

Robert E. Saggers, PhD


Session Outline

Address the following questions:

  • Are leaders born or made?

  • Is leadership primarily a function of one’s position?

  • Do you consider yourself a leader?

  • What is leadership and what do leaders do?

  • To whom are leaders accountable?

  • Is academic advising a form of leadership?

  • What leadership model is most appropriate for academic advising?

  • What skills do advisors need to increase their leadership effectiveness?


Quiz

Do agree or disagree with the following statements?

  • Leaders are born, not made.

  • Leadership is primarily a function of one’s position or organizational role.


Leadership is the process of influencing,either directly or indirectly, individuals, groups and organizations towardaccomplishing their goals.Based on a definition by Roach and Behling (1984)

Shared social influence process

Purposeful

Not restricted to a person in particular

Followers are part of leadership process

Can be either direct or indirect


In light of the following definition…

Do you consider yourself a leader

in your personal and professional life?


Guiding Questions

  • Are leaders born or made?

  • Is leadership primarily a function of one’s position?

  • Do you consider yourself a leader?

  • What is leadership and what do leaders do?

  • To whom are leaders accountable?

  • Is academic advising a form of leadership?

  • What leadership model is most appropriate for academic advising?

  • What skills do advisors need to increase their leadership effectiveness?


Interactive Leadership ModelBased on the work of Hollander (1978) and Hughes, Ginnett & Curphy (1993)

Leader

Teacher, Advisor

Colleague

  • Leadership Space & Outcomes

    • Results

    • Satisfaction

Followers

Students, Colleagues

Situation

Macro/Micro

University Advising


The Leader Role

Leading others and managing processes

to contribute to individual/organizational objectives.

  • Setting the example: role-modeling, building credibility and commitment

  • Communicating requirements, expectations

  • Gaining support and cooperation

  • Motivating, empowering & developing others

  • Tracking and managing performance

  • Recognizing accomplishments and celebrating success


Leader Accountability in Academic Advising

  • Organization and your Immediate Manager – for results, modeling organizational values

  • Colleagues – for sharing information, support

  • Students – clarification of academic interests/goals, providing resources, advising

  • Self – for personal well-being and ongoing development


Guiding Questions

  • Are leaders born or made?

  • Is leadership primarily a function of one’s position?

  • Do you consider yourself a leader?

  • What is leadership and what do leaders do?

  • To whom are leaders accountable?

  • Is academic advising a form of leadership?

  • What leadership model is most appropriate for academic advising?

  • What skills do advisors need to increase their leadership effectiveness?


Servant Leadership

  • Originated in the writings of Robert Greenleaf (early 1970s)

  • Paradoxical – both service and influence oriented, seems counter-intuitive

  • Views service as an end, not solely as a means to other organizational outcomes

  • Aligned with other leadership theories e.g. “authentic”, “transformational”

  • Different conceptualizations, e.g. trait vs. behavioural

  • Applicable across different organizational roles/types

  • Context is important

  • Can be learned and developed

“Good leaders

must first become

good servants.”

Robert Greenleaf

1904-1990


Characteristics of Servant Leaders

  • Listening – hears and is receptive to what others say

  • Empathy – understands others' thoughts/feelings

  • Healing– cares about others’ well-being, makes people whole

  • Awareness – understands oneself/their impact on others and is attuned to their context

  • Persuasion– influences others through clear and persistence communication that convinces others to change


Characteristics of Servant Leaders

  • Conceptualization – responds to problems creatively, integrates presents realities / future possibilities

  • Foresight – understands how past, present & future are connected to predict the future

  • Stewardship– takes responsibility for leadership role entrusted to them

  • Commitment to others’ growth – treats others’ uniquely, helps each person grow personally/professionally

  • Building community– creates a supportive environment in which people feel safe and connected, but can still express their individuality


Guiding Questions

  • Are leaders born or made?

  • Is leadership primarily a function of one’s position?

  • Do you consider yourself a leader?

  • What is leadership and what do leaders do?

  • To whom are leaders accountable?

  • Is academic advising a form of leadership?

  • What leadership model is most appropriate for academic advising?

  • What skills do advisors need to increase their leadership effectiveness?


John Dewey

1859 - 1952

The self is not something ready-made,

but something in continuous formation

through choice of action.


Leadership and learning

are indispensable

to each other.

From a speech prepared for

delivery in Dallas

the day of JFK’s assassination

November 22, 1963

John F. Kennedy

35th President, USA


Leadership Outcomes

Behaviours

Leading requires us to

feel,

think,

and act

differently.

Thoughts

Emotions


Key Skills for Leadership Effectiveness in Academic Advising

Personal– self-awareness/management; curiosity, willingness/ability to learn; time/stress management; critical thinking; creativity/innovation; problem solving/decision-making

Interpersonal– understanding others; trust building; communication; gaining power/influence, motivating others; coaching/counseling; resolving conflict


Maya Angelou

1928 - 2014


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