Kazakhstan
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Kazakhstan. Official Name: Republic of Kazakhstan Capital: Astana Population: 15.29 million Languages: Russian (official), Kazakh (state language) Literacy: Male: [100%]; Female: [99%] Independence Day: Dec. 16, 1991 Currency: Tenge 1 U.S. dollar = 147.63 Kazakhstani Tenge

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Kazakhstan

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Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan


Basics

  • Official Name: Republic of Kazakhstan

  • Capital: Astana

  • Population: 15.29 million

  • Languages: Russian (official), Kazakh (state language)

  • Literacy: Male: [100%]; Female: [99%]

  • Independence Day: Dec. 16, 1991

  • Currency: Tenge

    1 U.S. dollar = 147.63

    Kazakhstani Tenge

  • Religion:

    • Islam 47%

    • Russian Orthodox 44%

basics


Government

Government Type: Republic

President:NursultanNazarbayev

Prime Minister:

KarimMasimov

Government


Almaty

  • Largest city with 1.3 million people

  • Began as the Almaty settlement in the 3rd century BC.

  • In 1854 it was a fort

    for Russian Empire.

  • The city was named

    Vernyi and later

    Alma-Ata

Almaty


Karaganda

  • Named for the cara-gana bush

  • Coal mining town

  • During World War II, the Germans

    evacuated a large coal industry to

    Karaganda

Karaganda


Astana

  • December 10, 1997 was renamed to Akmola

  • Also became the capital of Kazakhstan

  • May 6, 1998 it was renamed to Astana

Astana

Baiterek Tower


History

The first Kazakhs were nomads who live in yurts and raised sheep, horses and goats

Under Mongol rule in the 13th century

Conquered by Russia in the 18th century

Became part of the Kirgiz Autonomous “Independent” Republic formed by the Soviets in 1920

In 1925 name changed to

Kazakh ASSR

history


History continued

Soviets made the Kazakhs settle on large farms

Encouraged the settlement of large numbers of Russians

Much of Kazakhstan was used as a nuclear weapons testing area

Became independent in 1991 when the Soviet Union collapsed

1/3 of the government’s operations were eliminated in 1997

And the capital was moved from Almaty to Astana

History continued


Geography

Area: 1.05 million square miles

9th largest country in the world

It is the largest landlocked country

About 4 times the size of Texas

It is bordered by

China, Russia,

Kyrgyzstan,

Turkmenistan,

and Uzbekistan

Geography


Climate and land use

Cold winters and hot summers like here

Much of the country has little rainfall

When the Soviet Union was in power they irrigated much of the land

Climate and land use


Land use continued

Kazakhstan is a large producer of coal, oil, and natural gas

Mining is one of the biggest causes of Kazakhstan's economic growth

They mine iron ore, Lead, zinc, copper, gold, silver, etc.

Land use continued


Jobs and work force

Work force distribution:Agriculture: 28.2%

Industry: 18.2%

Other: 53.6%

Jobs and work force

Kazakhstan produces a lot of wheat, cotton, and livestock


Military

  • The Kazakhstan Armed Forces:

    • Ground Forces, Navy, Air Mobile Forces, Air Defense Forces

  • About 8 million men and women fit for military service

  • Compared to the United States 145 million

Military


Current events

Kazakhstan is bidding on the 2014 Winter Olympics. If they win the Olympics will most likely be in Almaty.

Kazakhstan has 15% of the world's uranium resources

India and Kazakhstan recently signed an agreement for peaceful use of nuclear energy

Another current event is the shrinking Aral Sea

Current events


Focus the aral sea

  • In the first half of the 20th century it was the 4th largest lake in the world

  • In 1960 the Soviet Union started irrigating water to Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan from sources of the Aral Sea

  • Problems:

    • leaving behind endless plains where water used to be

    • hotter summers and colder winters

    • destroying local fishing industries

    • massive, disease spreading dust storms

Focus- The Aral sea


Kazakhstan

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/photo_gallery/kz/photo_gallery_B1_kz_4.html

http://www.daggarjon.com/Currency_Kazakhstan.php

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=kazakhstan&qs=n&sk=&sc=8-10&form=QBIR&adlt=strict

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=kazakhstan+mining+sites&view=detail&id=5A6E86FAD581A81C476DE26ADE1F763D6647DD1F&first=0&FORM=IDFRIR&adlt=strict

http://aboutkazakhstan.com/about-kazakhstan-economy/agriculture#

http://img5.cache.netease.com/sports/2009/10/28/200910281930519d4b8.jpg

http://aboutkazakhstan.com/images/kazakhstan-president-ministries-buildings.jpg

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=cara-gana+bush&view=detail&id=158C41A1B548E6A6F993B3A77E155AF2C800BB3D&first=0&FORM=IDFRIR

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=yurts&qs=n&sk=&form=QBIR

http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=astana+kazakhstan&qs=n&sk=&sc=6-17&form=QBIR#x0y436

Photos:

http://www.advantour.com/kazakhstan/karaganda.htm

http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn3947-south-aral-sea-gone-in-15-years.html

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/news/international/countriesandterritories/kazakhstan/index.html

http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/Kazakhstan.htm

http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1069331.html

http://www.kazakhstan.com/v/city_info/

http://www.advantour.com/kazakhstan/index.htm

http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0107674.html

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kz.html

Facts:

Created by: Cody ThomasCody S. Thomas


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