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Chapter 14. CRISIS, 1850’S. 1850. Expansion, growth . 1850. 23 mil. Wealthier Industry (2 nd ) Exports Slave south?. NATIONAL IDENTITY. American Renaissance Moby Dick, Scarlet Letter Douglass Brutality Uncle Tom’s Cabin Action . SLAVERY. Conflict Hottest issue. SOCIETY.

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chapter 14

Chapter 14

CRISIS, 1850’S

slide2
1850
  • Expansion, growth
slide3
1850
  • 23 mil.
  • Wealthier
  • Industry (2nd)
  • Exports
  • Slave south?
national identity
NATIONAL IDENTITY
  • American Renaissance
  • Moby Dick, Scarlet Letter
  • Douglass
    • Brutality
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin
    • Action
slavery
SLAVERY
  • Conflict
  • Hottest issue
society
SOCIETY
  • Two perspectives
  • Slavery, economics, social
  • Slavery, most important
compromise
COMPROMISE
  • Slavery
  • No slavery
popular sovereignty
Popular Sovereignty
  • Slavery
  • People voted
the compromise of 1850
The Compromise of 1850
  • California: free state
  • New Mexico, Utah: popular sovereignty
  • Slave trade, D.C.
  • Fugitive slave act
kansas nebraska act
KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT
  • Plains: settlement
  • Native lands
  • Slavery?
bleeding kansas
“Bleeding Kansas”
  • Both sides
  • Southern militia
  • John Brown: abolitionist
  • Violence and division
  • Premonition
division
DIVISION
  • Politics
  • Nation
republicans
Republicans
  • Anti-slavery, anti-Catholic
  • Modern day Republicans
  • Lincoln
dred scott v sanford
DRED SCOTT V. SANFORD
  • Supreme Court
  • Scott family
  • Decision
    • Scott: slave, cannot sue
    • All Blacks: not citizens
harper s ferry
HARPER’S FERRY
  • John Brown
  • Federal arsenal, VA
  • Slave uprising
  • Northern financial support
  • martyr or lunatic?
slide19

The execution by hanging of John Brown, December 2, 1859 is depicted in this popular image in a northern newspaper as a solemn military occasion. Southerners were angered and alarmed by popular northern opinion that regarded Brown as a martyr rather than as a terrorist.SOURCE:Frank Leslie ’s Illustrated Newspaper ,December 10,1859.Library of Congress.

1860 election
1860 ELECTION
  • 2nd highest turnout
  • Lincoln
    • Slavery
    • Social equality?
    • Preserve Union
  • Winner: division
secession
Secession
  • Break way
  • December 1860, South Carolina
  • Confederate States of America
    • Slavery
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