Chapter 14
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Chapter 14. CRISIS, 1850’S. 1850. Expansion, growth . 1850. 23 mil. Wealthier Industry (2 nd ) Exports Slave south?. NATIONAL IDENTITY. American Renaissance Moby Dick, Scarlet Letter Douglass Brutality Uncle Tom’s Cabin Action . SLAVERY. Conflict Hottest issue. SOCIETY.

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Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

Chapter 14

CRISIS, 1850’S


Chapter 14

1850

  • Expansion, growth


Chapter 14

1850

  • 23 mil.

  • Wealthier

  • Industry (2nd)

  • Exports

  • Slave south?


National identity

NATIONAL IDENTITY

  • American Renaissance

  • Moby Dick, Scarlet Letter

  • Douglass

    • Brutality

  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

    • Action


Slavery

SLAVERY

  • Conflict

  • Hottest issue


Society

SOCIETY

  • Two perspectives

  • Slavery, economics, social

  • Slavery, most important


Compromise

COMPROMISE

  • Slavery

  • No slavery


Popular sovereignty

Popular Sovereignty

  • Slavery

  • People voted


The compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850

  • California: free state

  • New Mexico, Utah: popular sovereignty

  • Slave trade, D.C.

  • Fugitive slave act


Kansas nebraska act

KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT

  • Plains: settlement

  • Native lands

  • Slavery?


Bleeding kansas

“Bleeding Kansas”

  • Both sides

  • Southern militia

  • John Brown: abolitionist

  • Violence and division

  • Premonition


Division

DIVISION

  • Politics

  • Nation


Republicans

Republicans

  • Anti-slavery, anti-Catholic

  • Modern day Republicans

  • Lincoln


Dred scott v sanford

DRED SCOTT V. SANFORD

  • Supreme Court

  • Scott family

  • Decision

    • Scott: slave, cannot sue

    • All Blacks: not citizens


Harper s ferry

HARPER’S FERRY

  • John Brown

  • Federal arsenal, VA

  • Slave uprising

  • Northern financial support

  • martyr or lunatic?


Chapter 14

The execution by hanging of John Brown, December 2, 1859 is depicted in this popular image in a northern newspaper as a solemn military occasion. Southerners were angered and alarmed by popular northern opinion that regarded Brown as a martyr rather than as a terrorist.SOURCE:Frank Leslie ’s Illustrated Newspaper ,December 10,1859.Library of Congress.


1860 election

1860 ELECTION

  • 2nd highest turnout

  • Lincoln

    • Slavery

    • Social equality?

    • Preserve Union

  • Winner: division


Secession

Secession

  • Break way

  • December 1860, South Carolina

  • Confederate States of America

    • Slavery


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