Theoretical Perspectives on Aging Chapter 2 Part 2. HPR 452. Assumptions of Personal Experience Theories Later life is characterized by Severing of social ties Loss of social opportunities Greater demands for adaptation. Summary of Part 1.
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The 3 theories in this part consider how persons enter and exit various roles, how certain roles are distributed based on age and the process of modernization occurring in society which create changes in status of “old age”
Social Factors Shaping the Experience of Later Life
4 changes accompanying modernization that affect older people
Technological advances in health
Application of scientific technology to economic production and distribution
Urbanization modernization and they lose prestige and power as their ability to compete declines
Literacy and mass education
Younger generations are better educated, taking jobs which require specialized training, being mobile, “doing better” than their parents, being more independent, less dependent on older generations and decreasing the need for expertise of older adults
Assumptions modernization and they lose prestige and power as their ability to compete declines
People’s histories influence personality and attitudes
Modern life course has “accepted stages” (school, work, marriage, child-rearing, retirement, etc)
Outcomes of earlier life experiences can persist and influence later life experience