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Healthiest Wisconsin 2020 Baseline and Health Disparities Report Demographic Overview. Chapter outline. Chapter Outline. Background Overview of Healthiest Wisconsin 2020 Baseline and Health Disparities Report Key points Data Births, deaths, net migration and age/sex distribution

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chapter outline

Chapter outline

Chapter Outline

Background

  • Overview of Healthiest Wisconsin 2020 Baseline and Health Disparities Report
  • Key points

Data

  • Births, deaths, net migration and age/sex distribution
  • Geography
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Racial/ethnic minority populations
  • Foreign-born populations
  • People with disabilities
  • Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender populations

References

Links to additional reports and resources

Contacts

report overview

Report overview

Report Overview

This chapter is part of a larger report created by the Wisconsin Department of Health Services to track progress on the objectives of Healthiest Wisconsin 2020 (HW2020) and identify health disparities in the state. The full report is available at: http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/P0/p00522.pdf

The report is designed to address the Health Focus Areas in HW2020. Where direct measures exist, data are presented; where direct measures are not available, related information may be included.

Information about populations experiencing health disparities is provided in the Health Focus Area chapters and is summarized in separate chapters devoted to specific populations.

Technical notes are available at: http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/P0/p00522y.pdf

report format

Report overview

Report Format

Sample annotated slide

Full Report

  • Format: PDF
  • Intended use: reference document

Chapters

  • Format: Annotated PowerPoint slide set
  • Intended uses: presentations to
    • Decision-makers
    • Service providers
    • Community leaders
    • The public
report outline

Report overview

Report Outline

Executive Summary

Section 1: Introduction

Section 2: Demographic overview

Section 3: Health focus areas

Section 4: Infrastructure focus areas

Section 5: Data summaries by population

Section 6: Technical notes

report outline detail

Report overview

Report Outline: Detail

Section 3: Health focus areas

Section 4: Infrastructure focus areas

report outline detail1

Report overview

Report Outline: Detail

Section 5: Data summaries by population

data notes

Report overview

Data notes

Please refer to the Technical Notes chapter for a more detailed description of limitations and methods: http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/P0/p00522y.pdf

The 95% confidence intervals are denoted by error bars. Where

confidence intervals do not overlap, as shown in the example on

the right, differences are statistically significant. Larger confidence

intervals may indicate less reliable estimates that should be

interpreted with caution.

Population estimates that are considered unreliable are excluded.

Misclassification of racial/ethnic groups may affect the accuracy of rates.

Unless otherwise indicated, the Hispanic population may include people of various races; Whites, Blacks, Asians, and American Indians are non-Hispanic.

factors that influence health

Report overview

Factors that influence health

Social determinants of health

Source: University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute. County Health Rankings 2013, http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/our-approach

key points demographics

Key points

Key Points: Demographics

Overview

  • Wisconsin’s population was 5.7 million in 2010.
  • The birth rate declined by 7% between 2000 and 2010.
  • The death rate declined by 15% in males and by 11% in females during the same period.
  • The median age by county ranged from age 31 to age 51.

(The median age is the age at which half the population is older and half is younger.)

Geography

  • In 2010, Milwaukee County accounted for 17% of the state’s population, 37 smaller metropolitan counties for 56% of the population, and 34 non-metropolitan (rural) counties for 27% of the population.
  • Residents of smaller metropolitan counties had higher levels of education and income compared to residents of Milwaukee and non-metro counties.
key points demographics1

Key points

Key Points: Demographics

Racial/ethnic minority populations

In 2010, Wisconsin’s population was 85% White, 6% Black, 6% Hispanic, 2% Asian, and 1% American Indian.

The median age (the age at which half are older and half are younger) varied by race/ethnicity; Whites: age 42; American Indians: age 30; Blacks: age 27; Asians: age 26; Hispanics: age 23.

Wisconsin’s population increased by 6% from 2000 to 2010, with the largest increases in Hispanics (73%) and Asians (42%).

In 2010, 13% of Wisconsin residents lived in poverty, with the highest poverty rate among Blacks (over 35%), and American Indians, Laotian/Hmong, and Hispanics (over 25% in each group). The poverty rate among Whites was 10%.

key points demographics2

Key points

Key Points: Demographics

Foreign-born populations

Foreign-born residents made up 5% of Wisconsin’s total population in 2010; 58% of Asians and 32% of Hispanics were foreign-born.

Nearly 75,000 refugees came to Wisconsin between 1975 and 2010. More than 85% were Lao/Hmong or other Southeast Asian.

People with disabilities

In 2009-2011, 1 in 11 adults ages 18-64 and 1 in 3 adults ages 65 and older was living with a disability.

In 2011-2012, more than 1 in 4 children, ages 6-17, had special health care needs.

Lesbian, gay, bisexual populations

Nine percent (9%) of high school students and 2%-3% of adults identified themselves as lesbian, gay, or bisexual in 2007-2011.

slide14

Births, deaths, migration, age/sex

Birth rate per 1,000 population, Wisconsin, 2000-2010

Births per 1,000 population

Source: Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health (WISH).

slide15

Births, deaths, migration, age/sex

Age-adjusted death rate per 100,000 by sex, Wisconsin, 2000-2010

Male

Deaths per 100,000 population

Source: Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health (WISH).

slide16

Births, deaths, migration, age/sex

Population by age and sex, Wisconsin, 2010

Female

Male

2,822,400 Total population 2,864,586

Source: Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health.

births deaths and net migration wisconsin 2000 2010

Births, deaths, migration, age/sex

Births, Deaths, and Net Migration, Wisconsin, 2000-2010

Source: Office of Health Informatics, Division of Public Health.

slide18

Births, deaths, migration, age/sex

Median age by county, Wisconsin, 2010

Source: U.S. Census, 2010.

counties by level of urbanization wisconsin 2010

Geography

Counties by level of urbanization, Wisconsin, 2010

Source: American Community Survey, 2010.

poverty rate percent living below the federal poverty level wisconsin 2006 2010

Socioeconomic status

Poverty rate (percent living below the federal poverty level), Wisconsin, 2006-2010

Source: American Community Survey, 2006-2010.

educational attainment of wisconsin adults ages 25 and older by level of urbanization 2007 2011

Socioeconomic status

Educational attainment of Wisconsin adults, ages 25 and older, by level of urbanization, 2007-2011

Source: American Community Survey, 2007-2011.

slide25

Socioeconomic status

  • Income distribution among Wisconsin adults by level of urbanization, 2007-2011

Source: American Community Survey, 2007-2011.

slide26

Socioeconomic status

Median earnings in the previous 12 months, adults ages 25 and older, by sex and educational attainment, Wisconsin, 2010

Source: American Community Survey, 2010.

poverty rate by county wisconsin 2006 2010

Socioeconomic status

Poverty rate by county, Wisconsin, 2006-2010

Source: American Community Survey, 2006-2010.

educational attainment of adults ages 25 and older by race ethnicity wisconsin 2008 2010

Racial/ethnic minority populations

Educational attainment of adults ages 25 and older, by race/ethnicity, Wisconsin, 2008-2010

Source: American Community Survey, 2008-2010.

distribution of family households by race ethnicity wisconsin 2008 2010

Racial/ethnic minority populations

Distribution of family households by race/ethnicity, Wisconsin, 2008-2010

Source: American Community Survey, 2008-2010.

level of urbanization of wisconsin residents by race ethnicity 2007 2011

Racial/ethnic minority populations

Level of urbanization of Wisconsin residents by race/ethnicity, 2007-2011

Source: American Community Survey, 2007-2011.

.

american indian tribes in wisconsin

Racial/ethnic minority populations

American Indian Tribes in Wisconsin

Source: Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council, Inc.

country of origin of foreign born hispanic latino residents wisconsin 2010

Foreign-born populations

Country of origin of foreign-born Hispanic/Latino residents, Wisconsin, 2010

Source: American Community Survey, 2010.

country of origin of foreign born asian residents wisconsin 2010

Foreign-born populations

Country of origin of foreign-born Asian residents, Wisconsin, 2010

East Asia, 27%

Southeast Asia, 45%

South Asia, 28%

Source: American Community Survey, 2010.

slide48

Foreign-born populations

Refugees to Wisconsin by ethnicity, 1975 – 2010 (n = 74,504)

Source: Wisconsin Department of Children and Families.

places of initial wisconsin settlement of refugees to wisconsin 1975 2010

Foreign-born populations

Places of initial Wisconsin settlement of refugees to Wisconsin, 1975-2010

n = 74,504

Source: Wisconsin Department of Children and Families.

slide51

People with disabilities

Percent of adults with disabilities by age group, Wisconsin, 2009-2011

Sources: American Community Survey, 2009-2011; Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (BRFS); 2009-2011 landline-cellphone combined dataset.

percentage of children with special health care needs by age wisconsin 2011 2012

People with disabilities populations

Percentage of children with special health care needs, by age, Wisconsin, 2011-2012

Source: National Survey of Children’s Health, 2011-2012.

demographic characteristics

LGBT populations

Demographic Characteristics

Youth

9% of Wisconsin high school students in Wisconsin identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or unsure (2011, YRBS).

10% of Wisconsin high school students who have had sexual contact have had same-sex contact. (2007-2011, YRBS).

Adults

2%of Wisconsin adults identify as lesbian, gay or bisexual (BRFS, combined cell and landline sample, 2009-2011).

3% of Wisconsin adults identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (Gallup Poll, 2012).

5%of Wisconsin adult males, age 18 and older, are men who have sex with men, 2007 (White, 5.6%, Black, 4.3%, Hispanic, 5.3%) (Public Health Reports, 2011, V126).

slide55

LGBT populations

Demographic Characteristics

Transgender youth and adults

Data on transgender adults and youth are very limited. More data are needed to understand the health of transgender-identified adults and youth in Wisconsin.

Households

10,863 households (about 1 in 200) in Wisconsin contain a same-sex couple (American Community Survey, 2010).

53% of these are female couples; 47% are male couples (American Community Survey, 2010).

references

References

References
  • University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute. County Health Rankings, 2013. http://www.countyhealthrankings.org/our-approach
  • Center for Urban Population Health. Milwaukee Health Report, 2011. http://www.cuph.org/mhr/2011-milwaukee-health-report.pdf
  • LaVeist TA, Gaskin DA, Richard P (2009). The Economic Burden of Health Inequalities in the United States. Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies. http://www.jointcenter.org/sites/default/files/upload/research/files/The%20Economic%20Burden%20of%20Health%20Inequalities%20in%20the%20United%20States.pdf
  • Thomas JC, Sage M, Dillenberg J, Guillory VJ (2002). A Code of Ethics for Public Health. Am Journal of Public Health. 92(7):1057–1059. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1447186/
  • Wisconsin Department of Health Services (DHS). Healthiest Wisconsin 2020. http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/publications/P0/P00187.pdf
  • National Center for Health Statistics Data Brief, No. 58, 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/databriefs/db58.pdf
  • Current Population Survey (CPS) Definitions, http://www.census.gov/cps/about/cpsdef.html
  • American Community Survey Glossary. http://factfinder2.census.gov/help/en/american_factfinder_help.htm#glossary/glossary.htm
  • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: The 2010 HHS Poverty Guidelines. http://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty/10poverty.shtml
slide58

References

  • American Community Survey. http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_3YR_S0201&prodType=table
  • The American Indian and Alaska Native Population: 2010, 2010 Census Briefs. http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-10.pdf
  • United Nations High Commission for Refugees.

http://www.unhcr.org

  • Wisconsin Department of Children and Families, Refugee Services Program.

http://dcf.wisconsin.gov/refugee/default.htm

  • Wisconsin Department of Health Services, Refugee Health Program.

http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/international/index.htm

  • Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health: Who Are Children with Special Health Care Needs? http://childhealthdata.org/docs/nsch-docs/whoarecshcn_revised_07b-pdf.pdf
  • Fenway Institute: The Fenway Guide to LGBT Health: Module 1.

http://www.lgbthealtheducation.org/wp-content/uploads/Module-1-Ending-Invisibility.pdf

links to additional reports and resources

Links

Links to additional reports and resources
  • Census data:
    • American Community Survey, U.S. Census Bureau: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/
    • Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health: http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/wish/main/wis_pop/wis_pop_home.htm
  • Socioeconomic status:
    • http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/stats/familyhealthsurvey.htm
    • http://www.irp.wisc.edu/research/WisconsinPoverty/pdfs/RFW_Oct26_Isaacs_PPT.pdf
  • Refugees:
    • http://dcf.wisconsin.gov/refugee/statistics.htm
  • Disability: Health and Disability in Wisconsin – Estimates from Three Population-based Surveys:
    • http://www.waisman.wisc.edu/healthdisparities/WorkingPaperJune2012.pdf
  • LGBT: Youth Risk Behavior Survey and Sexual Minority Youth in Wisconsin:
    • http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/lgbthealth/HealthReports/index.htm
contacts

Contacts

Contacts

Karl Pearson, Demographer

Wisconsin Division of Public Health, Office of Health Informatics

E-mail: [email protected]

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