Final from here. Apples and oranges. How can we take the findings from a domestic situation where a cat comes home to a bowl of food to A predator that has to hunt down its prey regardless of what species it is???
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- Habitats are different
Other: 56 wolves
Now each has a success value to it for predator. Based on
- Use all parts of habitat
Where risk is high:
- Use the most secure areas
2. Changes in Behavior.
-Time foraging vs surveying.
- eat more and survey less.
Where the risk is high:
- survey more and eat less.
Mech, L.D. 1977. Wolf-pack buffer zones as prey reservoirs.
Edwards, J. 1983. Diet shifts in moose due to predator avoidance.
Stephens, P.W. and R.O. Peterson. 1984. Wolf-avoidence strategies
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Scrimegeour G.J. and J.M. Culp. 1994. Foraging and evading predators:
the effect of predator species on a behavioural trade-off by a
lotic mayfly. Oikos 69:71-79.
Hunter, L.T.B. and J.D. Skinner. 1998. Vigilance behaviour in African
ungulates: the role of predation pressure. Behaviour. 135:195-211.
adjusting their behavior
because of the risk of predation.
the basic force to explain these
reactions of prey to their predators.
use the landscape
as they move about the landscape
to reduce predation risk.
is seen through their eyes as a landscape
of differing levels of risk or fear
We know it is an emotion that exists
on the intra specific level (complement
fear of its superior.
Imagine what its emotion would be when
faced with a predator that is going to kill it!