Developing an Environmental Management System (EMS) Approach for Agriculture and Agribusiness
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Developing an Environmental Management System (EMS) Approach for Agriculture and Agribusiness – EMS Basics. December 18, 2000 Beth Graves EMS Project Coor. NC Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance. August 28, 2000

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Developing an environmental management system ems approach for agriculture and agribusiness ems basics

Developing an Environmental Management System (EMS) Approach for Agriculture and Agribusiness – EMS Basics

December 18, 2000 Beth GravesEMS Project Coor.

NC Division of Pollution Prevention and Environmental Assistance


Developing an environmental management system ems approach for agriculture and agribusiness ems basics

August 28, 2000

The Progressive FarmerBy necessity and inclination, U.S. farmers are early adapters. Here's a look at the latest in high-tech down on the farm.

By CARLENE HEMPEL

The News & Observer


What is an ems

What is an EMS?

  • Systematic way of managing an organization’s environmental affairs

  • Based on Plan-Do-Check-Act Model (PDCA)

  • Focused on Continual Improvement of System

  • Addresses immediate and long-term impact of an organization’s products, services and processes on the environment.

  • A tool to improve environmental performance


Ems model plan do check act

EMS Model – Plan, Do, Check, Act

Policy

Planning

Management

Review

Implementation

Checking

Corrective Action


Why implement an ems

Why Implement an EMS?

  • Helps to identify the causes of environmental problems.

    • better to make a product right the first time

    • cheaper to prevent a spill

    • cost effective to prevent pollution

  • Trade and competitive issues

    • marketing tool


Why implement an ems1

Why Implement an EMS?

  • Struggling to stay in compliance and keep track of regulations/laws

  • Environmental management just one of many responsibilities

  • Employee turnover

  • Establish a framework to move beyond compliance

  • Vehicle for positive change; improved employee morale, enhanced public image

  • Much of an EMS may already be in place


Build on what s there

Build on What’s There

  • Animal Waste Management Plans

  • Best Management Practices (BMPs)

  • On Farm Assessment Program (available to pork producers)

  • EMS Templates being developed

    • Beef, poultry, dairy

  • New programs – ex. United Egg Producers Project XL agreement


Iso 14001 model required elements

ISO 14001 Model – Required Elements


Becoming iso 14001 certified

Becoming ISO 14001 certified

  • ISO 14001 is the only certification standard

  • Registration body examines EMS for conformity to the ISO 14001 standard

  • Not a compliance audit, an EMS audit

  • Facility awarded registration

  • Does NOT mean that products are more environmentally friendly

  • Does mean have a documented EMS that is fully implemented and consistently followed


Key ems elements framework

Key EMS Elements/Framework

  • Policy Statement

  • Identification of Significant Environmental Impacts

  • Development of Objectives and Targets

  • Implementation Plan to Meet Obj. and Targets

  • Training

  • Management

    Review

    How you meet elements is up to you.


Aspect and impacts

Aspect and Impacts

  • An organization evaluates and addresses its own significant aspects, including non-regulated aspects

  • May be positive or negative

  • Examples:

    • Aspect – Pesticide Container Recycling

    • Impact -- Conservation of natural resources

    • Aspect – Engine operations

    • Impact – Degradation of air quality


Aspects and impacts

Aspects and Impacts

  • Consider:

    • Air emissions

    • Solid/hazardous waste

    • Contamination of land

    • Noise, vibration and odor

    • Water effluents

    • Land use, energy use, water use

    • Raw material and resource use

    • Positive environmental issues


Marine corps iso 14001 pilot project

Marine Corps ISO 14001 Pilot Project

Nuisance Impacts

Fuel Consumption - Use of a Nonrenewable Resource

Training within a Natural Environment (Plant, Wildlife, Wetlands)

Training within species habitat

Resource Impacts

Particulate Matter from Operating Vehicles Off-road

Air Emissions from equipment and vehicles

Outdoor burning - PM

Air Impacts

Disposal of Spill Residue

Disposal of Solid Waste

Disposal of Hazardous Waste

Waste Impacts

Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation

Accidental Spillage - Vehicle /Helicopter/Equipment fluids

Gray water

Soil Impacts

Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids

Gray water

Groundwater Impacts

Soil disturbance leading to Erosion and Sedimentation

Accidental Spillage - Vehicle/Helicopter/Equipment fluids

Gray water

Surface Water Impacts

Environmental Aspects

Encampment

Input (raw material and labor)

Conservation

Lead Responsibility - Fish and Wildlife Division, Compliance Division, and Planning Division


Significance scoring prioritize

Significance Scoring --Prioritize

  • From Environmental Concerns such as:

    • regulatory/legal exposure

    • health risk/people

    • resource conservation

  • To Business Concerns such as:

    • effect on the public image/community

    • cost savings

    • cost recovery period

    • equipment/facility


Significance scoring cont

Significance Scoring (cont.)

  • Also may consider issues such as:

    • scale of impact

    • duration of impact

    • zone of impact

    • probability of occurrence or likelihood - frequent, likely, possible, rarely, unlikely

    • severity of impact - catastrophic, severe, moderate, minor


Legal environmental requirements

Legal Environmental Requirements

  • Setting legal framework for the EMS

    • identify and access legal requirements

      (federal, state, local)

    • keep up-to-date

    • communicate to the

      right people


Objectives targets continual improvement

Objectives &Targets- Continual Improvement

  • Establish and maintain environmental objectives and targets.

  • Can include commitment to:

    • reduce waste

    • reduce or eliminate release/spill of a pollutant

    • design product/operations to minimize environmental impact in production, use, and disposal.


Objectives targets

Objectives &Targets

  • Keep objectives simple, flexible, and measurable.

  • Be realistic.

  • Considerations:

    • legal and other requirements

    • significant env. aspects

    • technological options

    • financial requirements

    • operational requirements

    • business requirements

    • views of interested parties


Ems example

EMSExample

  • Policy : Improve the environmental quality of the workplace

  • Objective: Improve indoor air quality by reducing solvent odors

  • Target : Reduce solvent odors (VOC levels) by 90% by mid 2001.

  • Set Environmental Mgmt. Program


Env mgmt program

Env. Mgmt. Program

  • Plan: Switch to water cleaning process

  • Action- Substitute water-based cleaning process for vapor degreasing process

  • Responsibilities - Process Engineering

  • Schedule - Bench top trials - 2 months (date)Full scale pilot - 3 months (date)Implementation period - 1 month (date)

  • Resources needed - 1 FTE for 4 mon. Est. Budget $12,000


Implementation

Implementation

  • Structure/responsibility

  • Training, awareness, & competence

  • Communication (internal/external)

  • Env. Mgmt System Documentation and control where needed

  • Operational control (ex. maintenance)

  • Emergency preparedness

    and response


Monitoring and measuring how are you doing

Monitoring and Measuring –How are you doing?

  • Establish procedures to monitor and measure key operations that can have a significant impact on the environment.

  • Track how well the system

    is working

  • Analyze root causes of problems


Ems internal auditing

EMS Internal Auditing

  • Are you meeting your EMS requirements?

  • How will you run an EMS audit program?


Management review

Management Review

  • Collect information to evaluate EMS

  • Review EMS to ensure its continuing effectiveness

  • Consider changes – continual improvement


For more information

For More Information

  • DPPEA offers free on-site EMS

    assistance and training

  • DPPEA EMS web site http://www.p2pays.org/iso/index.htm

  • Beth Graves

    EMS Project Coor.

    800-763-0136 or 919-715-6506

    [email protected]


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