Statewide workshop on the california motor vehicle emissions standards including greenhouse gases
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STATEWIDE WORKSHOP ON THE CALIFORNIA MOTOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS INCLUDING GREENHOUSE GASES PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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STATEWIDE WORKSHOP ON THE CALIFORNIA MOTOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS INCLUDING GREENHOUSE GASES. August 23, 2007 Department of Environmental Protection Division of Air Resource Management. Executive Order 07 - 127.

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STATEWIDE WORKSHOP ON THE CALIFORNIA MOTOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS INCLUDING GREENHOUSE GASES

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Statewide workshop on the california motor vehicle emissions standards including greenhouse gases

STATEWIDE WORKSHOP ON THE CALIFORNIA MOTOR VEHICLE EMISSIONS STANDARDS INCLUDING GREENHOUSE GASES

August 23, 2007

Department of Environmental Protection

Division of Air Resource Management


Executive order 07 127

ExecutiveOrder07-127

Establishes Immediate Actions to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions within Florida

DEP to develop rules to achieve.....

Adoption of the California motor vehicle emission standards in Title 13 of the California Code of Regulations, effective January 1, 2005, upon approval by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency of the pending waiver, which includes emission standards for greenhouse gases, submitted by the California Air Resources Board.


Epa waiver issues

EPAWaiverIssues

States follow the federal emission standards or adopt the California standards

Status of the California waiver request

Waiver requested in December 2005

Discussion with EPA are on-going

Waiver decision still pending

Potential for legal remedy

California want decision by October 2007

Key court decision: Massachusetts vs. EPA: CO2 considered a pollutant that could be regulated by EPA


What does adopting the california standards mean

WhatDoesAdoptingtheCaliforniaStandardsMean?

Adoption of California Emission Standards

Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) program

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) reductions

States opting into the California program are adopting the identical California standards

Can’t deviate in substantive aspects

Prevents the hypothetical “3rd” vehicle


Vehicle emission standards

VehicleEmissionStandards

Comparison of California Standards (commonly referred to as LEV II) to the federal standards (commonly referred to as Tier 2)

California standards are more stringent

California LEV II results in lower overall emissions compared to the federal standard.

California LEV II evaporative emission standards are more stringent than the federal standards

California LEV II includes an optional Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) program which promotes advanced vehicles (e.g., fuel cell vehicles, battery,

electric)


Vehicle emission standards continued

VehicleEmissionStandards(continued)

California LEV II establishes fleet average based on Non-Methane Organic Gases (NMOG) standard.

Federal Tier 2 standard establishes fleet average based on oxides of nitrogen (NOx)


Key features of the california lev ii requirements

KeyFeaturesoftheCaliforniaLEVIIRequirements

Phase In-Schedule

Pollutants Regulated

Criteria Pollutants

Precursors of ground level ozone

NMOG (similar to VOC)

NOx

Carbon Monoxide (CO)

Particulate Matter (PM)

Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs)


Statewide workshop on the california motor vehicle emissions standards including greenhouse gases

KeyFeaturesoftheCaliforniaLEVIIRequirements(continued)

  • Requirements

    • Statewide fleet average emission standard

    • Standards applicable to different vehicle classifications

    • California fleet average emission standards focus on NMOG

  • Types of Vehicles Regulated

    • Passenger cars

    • Light duty trucks

    • Medium duty vehicles up to 14,000 pounds

    • Technical classification

      • LEV – Low Emission Vehicle

      • ULEV – Ultra Low Emission Vehicle

      • SULEV – Super Ultra Low Emission Vehicle


Key features of the california lev ii requirements continued

KeyFeaturesoftheCaliforniaLEVIIRequirements(continued)

Optional

ZEV - categories that capture zero emission vehicles such as fuel cells, battery electric.

Amended to include

PZEV Partial Zero Emission Vehicle

ATPZEV Advanced Technology Partial Zero Emission Vehicles (hybrid)


Key feature of the ghg requirements

KeyFeatureoftheGHGRequirements

Pavley Law

CARB adopted in 2004

First law in the nation to address GHG, especially CO2

Date standards take effect

Phase-in from 2009 through 2016

Pollutants

CO2

Methane (CH4)

Nitrous Oxide (N20)

Requirements

Tailpipe emission CO2, CH4, N2O resulting directly from vehicle operation

CO2 emissions from operating air conditioner systems

Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) from air conditioner systems leakage

Upstream emission associated with fuel production


California emission reductions

CaliforniaEmissionReductions

New vehicles in 2012 will have 22% lower GHG emissions compared to 2000

When standard fully implemented, new vehicles will have 30% lower GHG emissions

California GHG Emissions

passenger vehicles climate change emissions will be reduced by 87,000 CO2 equivalent tons per day in 2020.

And by 2030, climate change emissions will be reduced by 155,000 tons per day

Secondary benefit

Reduce other pollutants in new vehicles

12%-21% lower VOC emissions than the federal

standard


Conclusions

Conclusions

California Rule Requirements

LEV II

GHG

Choices

ZEV

Opt in/out

partial

Implementation

Waiver Status


Comments

Comments

Implementation

Compliance verification

Phase-in schedule

Costs

ZEV choice

Data collection

projections


Comments continued

Comments(continued)

Mailcommentsto:

Ms. Sandy Bowman

Division of Air Resource Management

Department of Environmental Protection

2600 Blair Stone Road

Tallahassee, FL 32399-2400

cc: Ms. Lynn Scearce, Rules Coordinator (same address)

Or e-mail to: [email protected]

[email protected]

All comments are public records and will be posted on the Department’s website.

FLDEPClimateChange website:

http://www.dep.state.fl.us/air/climate.htm


E mail distribution list

E-mailDistributionList

To receive updates on this project by e-mail, provide name, affiliation, and e-mail address to Ms. Lynn Scearce at:

[email protected]


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