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การลำเลียงสารในร่างกาย PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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การลำเลียงสารในร่างกาย. การลำเลียงสาร หมายถึง การนำสารอาหารที่ย่อยแล้ว ออกซิเจน เอนไซม์ ฮอร์โมน แร่ธาตุต่างๆ ฯลฯ ไปยังเซลล์และกำจัดของเสียต่างๆ ออกจากเซลล์รวมทั้งช่วยควบคุมอุณหภูมิของร่างกายให้เป็นปกติด้วย. สัตว์ชั้นต่ำ

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(cyclosis)


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2 1) ( Opencirculatorysystem) ()

2) ( Closed circulatory system ) ( ( ) ) ( )


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  • http://www.bs.ac.th/lab2000/web_bio/food.htm


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- ( Pseudoheart ) 7-11 -


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- - 2 systemic heart branchial heart


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-

( Haemocoel ) - 9 14-160 /- (plasma) (Hemocyte)


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  • 3 ( atrium 2 ventricle 1 ) - - -

  • 3 ( atrium 2 ventricle 1 ) 4

  • 4 ( atrium 2 ventricle 2 )


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-

4 2 / - ( Pericardium ) (Pericardial fluuid) ( Coronary artery )


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4 (atrium) 2 (ventricle) 2 ( valve ) 1) ( Bicuspid valve ) 2) ( Tricuspid valve ) 3) ( Aortic semilunar valve ) 4) ( Pulmonary semilunar valve )


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  • ( Blood pressure ) 2 1) ( Systolic pressure ) 120 2) ( Diaastoric pressure ) 80 - 120/80

  • 1. (SPHYGMONANOMETER )2. 120/80


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  • ( Heart rate ) 72 /

  • ( Blood vessel ) 3 1) ( Artery ) pulmonary artery

    (Aorta)2) ( Vein ) pulmonary vein (vena cava) 3) ( Capillary )

  • PULMONARY ARTERY

  • PULMONARY VEIN


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  • 7-8 %

    1. ( Plasma )

    55% - 90-93%- 7-10% ( Albumin ) ( Globumin ) (Fibrinogen) - ,,- - - - ( serum )


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2. ( Blood corpuscle )

45%

( Red blood cell )- - 100 - 120 - 5 1 4.5 - 5 1 - ( Anemia ) Polycythema - (Hemoglobin) 4 1 4 (Oxyhemoglobin)


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( White blood cell )- 6-15 - 2-3 - 5000 - 10000 1 2

1) ( Granule leucocyte ) ( lobe ) 70% - ( Neutrophil ) 3 - 5 phagocytosis- ( Eosinophil ) 2 - ( Basophil ) 2 ( heparin )


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2) ( Nongranule leucocyte ) - ( Monocyte ) Phagocytosis- ( Lymphocyte ) (antibody)

3. ( Platelet ) - - 1 - 2 10 - 250,000 - 500,000 1 K

- ( Heparin )

FIBRINOGEN K


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+ : - :

  • ( Antigen ) (Antibody)

  • ABO- (Antigen) 2 A B 2 A B

    (Multiple allele ) 4


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AB ( universal recipient ) O - 17 4


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ABO


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  • Rh- Rh - Rh Rh+ Rh Rh-- Rh Rh+ Rh Rh Rh - Rh Rh+ 90% Rh 1 500


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- Rh- Rh+ Rh Rh+ erythroblastosis fetalis- Rh+ Rh Rh

- ERYTHROBLASTOSIS FETALIS Rh+ Rh- Rh Rh+ Rh


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Lymphatic system

( Lymphatic system )

- ( Lymph ) ( )- ( Lymph vessel ) (Subclavian vein) 1.5

- ( Lymphatic organ ) 1) ( Lymph node ) - - 5 (Tonsil)


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2) ( Spleen ) - - ( ) 3) ( Thymus gland ) - -


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  • 1) ( Innate immunity ) - - - - 2) ( Acquird immunity )


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2

  • ( Active immunization ) - (vaccine) - (toxoid) - - - 4 - 7

  • ( Passive immunization )- - - - -


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( VACCINE ) ( TOXOID )

1. 2. A C T-CELL3.


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  • ( AIDS Immune Deficiency Syndrome ) - HIV ( Human Immunodeficiency Virus )

    - HIV

  • ( Autoimmune diseases ) ( SLE Systemic Lupus Erythematosus )


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  • ( Allergy )


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  • http://www.geocities.com/nooksungzero/content.html

  • http://www.thaigoodview.com/library/studentshow/2547/chonburi/bio/members.thai.net/m6141/Lesson15.htm


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