Hungarian music and entertainment in 50s 60s
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HUNGARIAN MUSIC AND ENTERTAINMENT IN ’50s-’60s. FIFTIES- YEARS OF HARD DICTATURA. „Who is not with us, is against us” ( Rákosi Mátyás ). FIFTIES- YEARS OF HARD DICTATURAS. The typical music style of these years is labour movement songs sang in big official parades

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HUNGARIAN MUSIC AND ENTERTAINMENT IN ’50s-’60s

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HUNGARIAN MUSIC AND ENTERTAINMENT IN ’50s-’60s


FIFTIES-YEARS OF HARD DICTATURA

„Who is not with

us, is against us”

( Rákosi Mátyás )


FIFTIES-YEARS OF HARD DICTATURAS

The typical music style of these years is labour movement songs sang in big official parades

( like on 1st of May or 4th of April- the day of expulsion of naci’s by Russian army)


Old movement songs, like „ Internacionálé” , „Marseilles”

New hungarian songs, like: „Itt van május elseje” ( „It’s 1th of May”)

Russian labour movement and partisan songs like: Poljuska, Az amuri partizánok dala ( Partisan song from Amur- side), Bunkócska

And songs of „kuruc” / Rákóczi- rebellion age ( 1703-11) Csínom Palkó, Balogh Ádám nótája.


One of the most popular song was

„ Sej, a mi lobogónkat” ( a text was written by Ferenc Jankovich in 1947, melody was an old „csángó” folk music ), it was official song of NÉKOSZ

Many short political songs / „csasztuska” was written at that age.


Films

Three film types with their typical and famous songs:

1) a Hungarian freedom fighter, revolutionary history, pathetic and romantic films

Like: 1953: „ Rákóczi- hadnagya”

( Lieutenantof Rákóczi , Director: Bán Frigyes) or „ Feltámadott atenger” ( „Risen the sea”, directed by Kalman Nadasdy, Ranódy László )


Many parts of

Rákóczi hadnagya

can be found

on

Youtube. com


Films, like „ Déryné” (directed by Márton Keleti, „Mrs. Déry”, she was famous actress in XIX. Century)


  • 2) happy, musical comedies and operettes:

    Like:

    „ Dalolva szép az élet” ( „ With singing life becomes beautiful ” directed by Keleti Márton)

    or

    „ Mágnás Miska” („ Magnate Mick” )


1950 directed by Keleti Márton  - Dalolva szép az élet (actors: Latabár Kálmán, Tompa Sándor,  Gózon Gyula)


Mágnás Miska

LATABÁR BROTHERS

As stupid aristocrats

Miklós GÁBOR

As Mágnás Miska

Ági MÉSZÁROS


Songs of

Mágnás Miska

can be found

on

Youtube. com


„ Liliomfi” ( „Mr. Lilly jr.” historical

comedy, 1954 directed by Makk Károly – actors: Dajka Margit, Balázs Samu, Krencsey Marianne, Darvas Iván)

Can be found

on

Youtube. Com

too


3) Sportsfilm

Like:

  • Civil a pályán ( „ Civil on the football field” with famous sportspeakers: Szepesi György and Gulyás Gyula )

  • Kétszer kettő néha öt ( „ Two times two is sometimes five”, about sport gliders, 1954, with many popular songs, it’s on You tube too!!!!)


In cities…

Couples were rarely dancing in public, public halls were closed.

Hungarian Radio ( Magyar Rádió) boadcasting classical, labour movement and rarely „ esztrád”/ dancing songs…


Famous „esztrád” / dance-singers

Hollós Ilona ( 1920-98 )

Zsolnai Hédi ( 1924- 2004)

Ákos Stefi ( 1919-2005)


At countriside….

Till 1955 there was no radio- broadcasting and till 1957 there was no Tv- bradcasting for them …..

So young men and women dance and sing old fashioned songs …meet in barn-balls and in weddings..


Sixties: years of soft dictatura

„ Who is not

against us, is

with us”

( Kádár János)


  • After 1960 liberalization began with the „3T /three Ts"

    (tűrés=tolerance

    tiltás= prohibition

    támogatás= support), and a long period of cultural struggle began.


Was supported…..

- Classical music

  • Folk ( and Roma) music

  • labour movement songs

  • esztrád


Many previously banned musical styles are allowed, like

-jazz

- rock-and-roll

( American music style)

And there was no requirement to play sowiet music and style everywhere.

But hardrock and metal was prohibited


Many posibilities of entertainment were opened

  • New caféhouses

    bars

    pubs

    - Community centers

  • Táncdalfesztivál /dance song festival

    ( old got talented festival)

    for young performers


And fashionable dresses, hair were allowed.


Famous dance-singers..

Mikes Éva ( 1938-86)

Kovács Erzsi

( 1928-) on youtube!

Toldy Mária ( 1938-) on youtube too!

Mother of Andrea Malek


Sárosi Katalin

( 1930-2000)

Vámosi János and

Záray Márta ( duet)

Poór Péter

Etc.

Aradszky László and Korda György are active singers now!


Handsome singers like Koós János


Németh Lehel

Handsome

and lyric

Songs find

on

Youtube. com


For home parties…..

  • New musical radio -( later TV-) broadcasting ( model was Radio Luxemburg)

  • New edited Hungarian music albums and imported „western” albums

  • Many purchaseble tape recorder


WOW!


New-style pop singers

  • Koncz Zsuzsa

  • Zalatnay Sarolta

  • Harangozó Teri

  • Komár László

  • Bródy János

  • Sztevanovity

    Zorán


New-style pop-bands

  • Illés zenekar / band

  • Express ( with Solymosi Tóni)

  • Metro


Famous: Máté Péter

Singer, composer….

On youtube:

Egyszer véget ér..

( It will be finished

one day) Most élsz

( You live now)

Ez itt az én hazám

( This is my country)

SONGS ARE GOOD!!!!


Famous:Kovács Kati

Dinamic,

powerfull,

cool


And now Kovács Kati


Famous: Zalatnay Sarolta

On youtube:

Hosszú forró nyár

( Long hot summer)

Hol jár az eszem?

(What am I doing?)


Then and now…


Famous: Koncz Zsuzsa

On youtube too!!!

29 album!!!!

Ha én rózsa volnék

( If I were a rose)

Sárga rózsa

( Yellow rose)

Ahogy lesz, úgy lesz


Then and now


METRO

EGYÜTTES

SZTEVANO-VITY ZORÁN

KONCZ ZSUZSA


Famous: Harangozó („Bim-bam”) Teri

On Youtube:

Mindenkinek van egy álma (Everyone has a dream)

Azok a szép napok (Those good days…)


Famous band: Omega

Many songs

On youtube

Like…

Ha én szél lehetnék

( If I could be a wind)

Petróleum lámpa

Gammapolis….


Famous band: Illés együttes


ILLÉS


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