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“STGR for Distributed Generation in Rural Settings with co – generation in India”. 5th Nuclear Energy Conclave Friday, 6th September 2013, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi. By: Remond R. Pahladsingh NEW DELHI SEPTEMBER 06 - 2013. My Background. Aluminum Industry ( ALCOA )

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stgr for distributed generation in rural settings with co generation in india

“STGR for Distributed Generation in Rural Settings with co – generation in India”

5th Nuclear Energy Conclave

Friday, 6th September 2013, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi

By: Remond R. Pahladsingh

NEW DELHI

SEPTEMBER 06 - 2013

my background
My Background
  • Aluminum Industry (ALCOA)
  • Nuclear Industry (The NETHERLANDS GKN & USA – PRA manager – ESBWR)
  • Power Generation and Distribution (Power T&Dand Strategic Planning and Electricity Technology RoadmapSEP/TENNET
    • Impact Deregulation
    • Impact Liberalization
  • HTGR From 2007(after K6/K7 ACCIDENT):
    • INHERENTLY SAFE NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY
india in the nuclear world

INDIA IN THE NUCLEAR WORLD

TILL 2006 - IN THE ISOLATED NUCLEAR WORLD FOR POWER GENERATION - THE CANDU TECHNOLOGY WAS THE ONLY TECHNOLOGY FOR INDIA.

MOST CANDU REACTORS IN CANADA AND INDIA.

IS THE CANDU THE BEST TECHNOLOGY FOR THE FUTURE OF INDIA?

an opportunity for innovation and thousands of jobs
AN OPPORTUNITY FOR INNOVATIONAND THOUSANDS OF JOBS

U.S. President George W. Bush and India\'s Prime Minister Manmohan Singh

exchange handshakes in New Delhi on March 2, 2006

slide7

PLANNED NEW REACTORS PAGE 2PLANNED (BLUE) REACTORS DO NOT FIT IN THORIUM NUCLEAR PROGRAM FOR INDIA

slide8

Business » Markets New Delhi, June 13, 2012 Updated: June 13, 2012 17:49 ISTIndia’s import bill jumps 40% to $140 billion

http://www.thehindu.com/business/markets/indias-import-bill-jumps-40-to-140-billion/article3523906.ece

Petroleum Minister S.Jaipal Reddy. File photo: PTI

india coal for power generation
INDIA COAL FOR POWER GENERATION

355 x 1000.000 x 87 = 30.88 BILLION $ PER YEAR.

60 % POWER GENERATION CAPACITY.

IMPORTS: 15.5 BILLION $/YEAR

slide10

India coal imports hit record high on slow domestic output: sourcesReuters  New Delhi, May 08, 2013

http://www.hindustantimes.com/business-news/WorldEconomy/

India-coal-imports-hit-record-high-on-slow-domestic-output-sources/Article1-1056877.aspx

A drop in global coal prices, however, softened the impact of the surging

imports on India\'s finances, with the country forking out about $15.5 billion

for the commodity in the year ended March 31, a less than 1% rise from

the previous year, the data obtained by Reuters showed.

Benchmark prices slid to as low as $80.82 a tonne during 2012/13 from more

than $105 in the prior year and are currently quoted at around $87.

TEN-CONSORTIUMS SOLUTION:

1: MINIMIZE OIL IMPORTS FOR 140 BILLION $/YEAR

2: STOP COAL IMPORTS FOR 15.5 BILLION $/YEAR

TOTAL SAVINGS CAN REACH (140 + 15.5) =

155.5 BILLION $/YEAR.

india thorium deposits source iaea international atomic energy agency tecdoc 1450
INDIA THORIUM DEPOSITSSource: IAEA – International Atomic Energy Agency – TECDOC 1450

NEWS 04-SEPTEMBER-2013

30 % OF THORIUM ALREADY EXPORTED

consequences export of thorium
CONSEQUENCES EXPORT OF THORIUM
  • IF PROVEN DEPOSITS ARE 319.000 TONS, THAN INDIA HAS EXPORTED ALREADY (195.300/319.000) = 61 % OF ITS THORIUM.
  • IF PROVEN DEPOSITS ARE 650.000 TONS, THAN ALREADY (195.000/650.000) = 30 % OF ITS THORIUM
  • FOR 250.000 MW POWER GENERATION WE NEED 80 TONS OF THORIUM PER YEAR.
  • 80 TONS OF THORIUM @ 200 $/KG = 16 MILLION $ FOR RAW MATERIAL PER YEAR.
  • INDIA GAVE AWAY 195.000/80 = 2.440 YEAR OF ELECTRICITY (NOT INCLUDED COGENERATION).
mr tuli s request to visit india in 2007 for sgr as ipp plant
MR. TULI’S REQUEST TO VISIT INDIA IN 2007 FOR SGR AS IPP PLANT
  • VISIT KARNATAKA – POWER SECTOR
  • VISIT GUJARAT - GMDC
  • VISIT MAHARASHTRA- MINISTER ENERGY
  • VISIT MADHYA PRADESH- MINISTER ENERGY
  • VISIT GOA – CHIEF MINISTER
  • THE STGR COULD HAVE BEEN IN OPERATION IN INDIA IN 2010!!!
great expectation in india for the future unclear nuclear industry
GREAT EXPECTATION IN INDIA FOR THE FUTURE UNCLEAR NUCLEAR INDUSTRY
  • 2004:
    • IN 2004 INSAC CONFERENCE
  • 2007:
    • DREAM OPEN MARKET FOR IPP NUCLEAR POWER
    • INVASION OF INDIA BY INTERNATIONAL NUCLEAR INDUSTRY FOR LARGE POWER PLANTS
    • GREAT EXPECTATIONS FOR NUCLEAR IPP TO ENTER THE INDIAN ENERGY MARKET
    • SET- BACK WAS THE K6/K7 (Kashiwazaki 6 and 7-GE-ABWR) ACCIDENT IN JAPAN
  • 2010:
    • INDIAN DECISION NOT TO OPEN THE MARKET
  • 2011:
    • REAL SET BACK WAS THE FUKUSHIMA ACCIDENT (RECENT LEAKS WATER!!!)
letter pm the netherlands
LETTER PM The NETHERLANDS

OPPORTUNITIES IN THE

COLLABORATION:

1: ONE (1) STGR/DAY

- 30 BILLION €/YEAR

MULTIPLIER (3)

- 90 € BILLION/YEAR

2: FUEL:

270 STGR/YEAR

90 x 75.000 PEBBELS/YR

90 x75.000x € 50 =

337.5 € MILLION/YR 1ST YEAR

slide17
SINCE 2007 AFTER KASHIWAZAKI K6/K7 EARTHQUAKE INCIDENT IN JAPAN, FOCUS OF TEN|CONSORTIUM ONLY ON INHERENTLY SAFE NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY
partners
PARTNERS

COVRA N.V.

thorium fuel cycle in the stgr20
THORIUM FUEL CYCLE IN THE STGR20

SAFEST NUCLEAR BREADING/FISSION PROCES:

REACTOR

HP STEAM

ELECTRIC

POWER

STEAM

GENERATOR

STEAM TO MED

CONDENSATE

stgr precessors avr thtr htr 10 and htr pm
STGR PRECESSORS: AVR, THTR, HTR-10 AND HTR - PM

THTR-300 Germany

1986 - 1989

HTR-10 Beijing

2000 - present

THE STGR TECHNOLOGY IS since 1986 (or

Later in 2000) OUT OF R&D OR

PROTOTYPE PHASE. AFTER THE THTR

THE 200 MW HTR-PM IS THE NEW

COMMERCIAL PEBBLE BED REACTOR

THE HTR-2014 CONFERENCE WILL BE AT THE

SITE WHERE THE HTR-PM IS BUILT AT THE MOMENT

HTR-PM China

2015

stgr for rural settings

STGR FOR RURAL SETTINGS

INDIA WITH 100.000 VILLAGES NEEDS DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND CO-GENERATION

slide24

ADVANTAGE OF STGR FOR LOCAL POWER GRIDSIN RURAL SETTINGS

No Diesel Generators

No Airpollution

High Reliability Power

High Quality Power

Minimal Power Losses

inherent safety

INHERENT SAFETY

HOW MANY REACTOR YEARS DO YOU NEED TO PROVE THE SAFETY FOR AN INHERENT SAFE REACTOR

CURRENT REACTORS NEED MANY OPERATING YEARS TO PROVE THAT THE SAFETY SYSTEMS CAN DEAL WITH ANY ACCIDENTS.

safety systems for boiling water reactor fukushima
SAFETY SYSTEMS FOR BOILING WATER REACTOR (FUKUSHIMA)
  • Safety systems PRESENT BWR NUCLEAR REACTORS
    • 1.1 Reactor Protection System (RPS)
    • 1.2 Emergency core-cooling system (ECCS) -
      • 1.2.1 High-pressure coolant injection system (HPCI)NOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.2.2 Isolation Condenser (IC)NOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.2.3 Reactor core isolation cooling system (RCIC)NOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.2.4 Automatic depressurization system (ADS)NOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.2.5 Low-pressure core spray system (LPCS)NOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.2.6 Low-pressure coolant injection system (LPCI)NOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.2.7 Depressurization valve system (DPVS) / passive containment cooling system (PCCS) / gravity-driven cooling system (GDCS)NOT NEEDED IN STGR
    • 1.3 Standby liquid control system (SLCS) - NOT NEEDED IN STGR
    • 1.4 Containment systemNOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.4.1 Varieties of BWR containmentsNOT NEEDED IN STGR
      • 1.4.2 Containment Isolation SystemNOT NEEDED IN STGR
    • 1.5 Hydrogen managementNOT NEEDED IN STGR
    • 1.6 The safety systems in action: the Design Basis AccidentNOT SAME

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boiling_water_reactor_safety_systems

safe and inherently safe reactors
SAFE AND INHERENTLY SAFE REACTORS
  • CURRENT SAFE NUCLEAR REACTORS NEED WITH MANY YEARS OF OPERATION TO PROVE THAT THE SAFETY SYSTEMS “DEFENCE IN DEPTH” CAN DEAL WITH ANY ACCIDENT AND COMPLY WITH THE REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS. THEY STILL FAIL
  • THE INHERENTLY SAFE STGR NUCLEAR REACTOR NEEDS ONE “1” REACTOR TO PROVE IT CAN HANDLE ANY POSTULATED ACCIDENT FOR NUCLEAR REACTORS. THE STGR HAS THREE (3) PREDECESSORS : (1) AVR, (2) HTR -10 AND (3) SOON HTR PM 200.
chernobyl harrisburg fukushima accidents and absolute safe test htr 10
CHERNOBYL, HARRISBURG, FUKUSHIMA ACCIDENTS AND ABSOLUTE SAFE TEST HTR 10

1 - CHERNOBYL

FISSION ACCIDENT

2 HARRISBURG ACCIDENT – CORE MELT

FUKUSHIMA ACCIDENT – COREMELT + HYDROGEN

EXPLOSION

STGR

HTR 10

ACCIDENT 1 AND 2 TESTED ON HTR 10

HTR 10 STOPS AND HAS TO BE RESTARTED

Date: 24 September 2004;

10:30 hours Beijing, China

HTR 10: Test: 1: Remove control rod; positive reactivity addition 5.0*10-3 k/k

2: Stop helium coolant circulator

slide31

PRESENT BWR WITH

SAFETY SYSTEMS

(No Isolation Condenser)

SIMPLE STGR WITH

NO SAFETY SYSTEMS

stgr 20 thorium steam cycle power plant
STGR 20 THORIUM STEAM CYCLE POWER PLANT

REACTOR

STEAM

GENERATOR

STEAMTURBINE and GENERATOR

HP STEAM

ELECTRIC

POWER

STEAM for

RESIDENTIAL

HEATING

SYSTEM

CONDENSATE from

RESIDENTAIL HEATING

SYSTEM

the stgr main features
THE STGR MAIN FEATURES :
  • SIMPLICITY
  • INHERENT SAFETY
  • LOW COST ELECTRICITY (ABOUT 5 $cent per kWh.
  • HIGH QUALITY DRINKING WATER FOR 3 cent per Liter
  • AIR-CONDITIONING WITH ABSORPTION COOLING (Proven Technology)
  • USED PEBBLES FOR GAMMA-RADIATION APPLICATIONS (Food Preservation - NEW)
slide36

THORIUM, THE OTHER FUEL .By: Prof. Dr. J.A. Goedkoop, Date: 27-January 1994 (Late director of the ECN NetherlandsThe fission of uranium has become a mature technique. Disadvantages are the proliferation danger and the creation of long-living actinides, which make geological storage necessary. An alternative is the fission of thorium (THROUGH U233).

fuel plant no multi billion plant ideal for employment and many local jobs
FUEL PLANT: NO MULTI BILLION $ PLANT(IDEAL FOR EMPLOYMENT AND MANY LOCAL JOBS)

CONSTRUCTION FUEL PLANT: 24 MONTHS

FUEL PLANT COST: 30 MILLION DOLLAR

OUTPUT: 1.000.000 PEBBELS PER YEAR

PRICE PER PEBBLE: 50 € (50 MILLION PER YEAR)

stgr applications

STGR APPLICATIONS

THE STGR IS FACTORY MANUFACTURED AND TRANSPORTED TO THE SELECTED SITE FOR ERECTION. THIS GUARANTEES MINIMAL CONSTRUCTION TIME OF 36 MONTHS.

THE STGR IS IDEAL FOR “PRODUCTION IN SERIES” AND THE FUEL IS IDEAL FOR “MASS PRODUCTION”.

ALL CAN BE: MADE IN INDIA

slide44

STGR AND AIR POLLUTION FREE HYDROGEN

ECONOMY

Super Grid of the Future Integrates Superconducting

Transmission with H2 and Electricity Energy Carriers

Home

School

Supermarket

Family Car

STGR 20

plant

H2

MgB2

Hydrogen Pumpstation

Source: EPRI

what can stgr do for india
WHAT CAN STGR DO FOR INDIA

USA ROADMAP

500 MW/DAY

conclusions 1
CONCLUSIONS - 1
  • INDIA HAS AROUND 600.000 TONNES OF THORIUM DEPOSITS AND EXPORTED AROUND 30% OF THAT SO FAR, AS PER CNIS NOT AN OPEN MARKET FOR NUCLEAR INNOVATION. THIS CREATES A HUGE LOSS OF FOREIGN CURRENCY OF OVER REPORT
  • 80 TONNES OF THORIUM CAN SUSTAIN 250.000 MW OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION CAPACITY EQUIVALENT TO REQUIRING 1250 MILLION TONNES PER YEAR OF COAL.
  • STGR IS A MATURE TECHNOLOGY AND SPEADY MULTIPLICATION OF THESE SMALL NUCLEAR REACTORS CAN CHANGE THE ECONOMY OF INDIA.
  • STGR WITH SIMPLE DESIGN AND MODULAR MANUFACTURING IS THE SAFEST, MINIMAL ECONOMICAL RISK, NUCLEAR REACTOR AVAILABLE IN THE WORLD TODAY.
  • LOCAL STGR’S CAN TREMENDOUSLY REDUCE THE T&D LOSSES IN ELECTRICITY DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS AND REDUCE THEFT AND IMPROVE ACCOUNTING
conclusions 2
CONCLUSIONS - 2
  • STGR CAN GIVE:
    • PURE DRINKING WATER FROM SEA
    • PRESERVATION OF FOOD
    • HYDROGEN PRODUCTION IN OF PEAK HOURS FOR MIXING WITH NATURAL GAS
    • AIR CONDITIONING WITH ABSORPTION COOLING
  • TEN|CONSORTIUM IS OPEN TO ENTER IN TECHNICAL COLLABORATION WITH BARC AND HELP SET UP WITH NPCIL/ONGC FEW DEMOMSTRATION PLANTS TO ESTABLISH STGR TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA BY 2017
  • INDIA INNOVATE !!
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