“STGR for Distributed Generation in Rural Settings with co – generation in India”. 5th Nuclear Energy Conclave Friday, 6th September 2013, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi. By: Remond R. Pahladsingh NEW DELHI SEPTEMBER 06 - 2013. My Background. Aluminum Industry ( ALCOA )
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5th Nuclear Energy Conclave
Friday, 6th September 2013, India Habitat Centre, New Delhi
By: Remond R. Pahladsingh
SEPTEMBER 06 - 2013
TILL 2006 - IN THE ISOLATED NUCLEAR WORLD FOR POWER GENERATION - THE CANDU TECHNOLOGY WAS THE ONLY TECHNOLOGY FOR INDIA.
MOST CANDU REACTORS IN CANADA AND INDIA.
IS THE CANDU THE BEST TECHNOLOGY FOR THE FUTURE OF INDIA?
U.S. President George W. Bush and India's Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
exchange handshakes in New Delhi on March 2, 2006
THE STGR FITS EXCELLENTLY IN THIS INDIAN NUCLEAR PROGRAM
PLANNED NEW REACTORS PAGE 2PLANNED (BLUE) REACTORS DO NOT FIT IN THORIUM NUCLEAR PROGRAM FOR INDIA
Business » Markets New Delhi, June 13, 2012 Updated: June 13, 2012 17:49 ISTIndia’s import bill jumps 40% to $140 billion
Petroleum Minister S.Jaipal Reddy. File photo: PTI
355 x 1000.000 x 87 = 30.88 BILLION $ PER YEAR.
60 % POWER GENERATION CAPACITY.
IMPORTS: 15.5 BILLION $/YEAR
India coal imports hit record high on slow domestic output: sourcesReuters New Delhi, May 08, 2013
A drop in global coal prices, however, softened the impact of the surging
imports on India's finances, with the country forking out about $15.5 billion
for the commodity in the year ended March 31, a less than 1% rise from
the previous year, the data obtained by Reuters showed.
Benchmark prices slid to as low as $80.82 a tonne during 2012/13 from more
than $105 in the prior year and are currently quoted at around $87.
1: MINIMIZE OIL IMPORTS FOR 140 BILLION $/YEAR
2: STOP COAL IMPORTS FOR 15.5 BILLION $/YEAR
TOTAL SAVINGS CAN REACH (140 + 15.5) =
155.5 BILLION $/YEAR.
30 % OF THORIUM ALREADY EXPORTED
OPPORTUNITIES IN THE
1: ONE (1) STGR/DAY
- 30 BILLION €/YEAR
- 90 € BILLION/YEAR
90 x 75.000 PEBBELS/YR
90 x75.000x € 50 =
337.5 € MILLION/YR 1ST YEAR
SINCE 2007 AFTER KASHIWAZAKI K6/K7 EARTHQUAKE INCIDENT IN JAPAN, FOCUS OF TEN|CONSORTIUM ONLY ON INHERENTLY SAFE NUCLEAR TECHNOLOGY
SAFEST NUCLEAR BREADING/FISSION PROCES:
STEAM TO MED
1986 - 1989
2000 - present
THE STGR TECHNOLOGY IS since 1986 (or
Later in 2000) OUT OF R&D OR
PROTOTYPE PHASE. AFTER THE THTR
THE 200 MW HTR-PM IS THE NEW
COMMERCIAL PEBBLE BED REACTOR
THE HTR-2014 CONFERENCE WILL BE AT THE
SITE WHERE THE HTR-PM IS BUILT AT THE MOMENT
INDIA WITH 100.000 VILLAGES NEEDS DISTRIBUTED GENERATION AND CO-GENERATION
ADVANTAGE OF STGR FOR LOCAL POWER GRIDS JAPAN, FOCUS OF TEN|CONSORTIUM ONLY ON IN RURAL SETTINGS
No Diesel Generators
High Reliability Power
High Quality Power
Minimal Power Losses
HOW MANY REACTOR YEARS DO YOU NEED TO PROVE THE SAFETY FOR AN INHERENT SAFE REACTOR
CURRENT REACTORS NEED MANY OPERATING YEARS TO PROVE THAT THE SAFETY SYSTEMS CAN DEAL WITH ANY ACCIDENTS.
1 - CHERNOBYL
2 HARRISBURG ACCIDENT – CORE MELT
FUKUSHIMA ACCIDENT – COREMELT + HYDROGEN
ACCIDENT 1 AND 2 TESTED ON HTR 10
HTR 10 STOPS AND HAS TO BE RESTARTED
Date: 24 September 2004;
10:30 hours Beijing, China
HTR 10: Test: 1: Remove control rod; positive reactivity addition 5.0*10-3 k/k
2: Stop helium coolant circulator
PRESENT BWR WITH SAFE TEST HTR 10
(No Isolation Condenser)
SIMPLE STGR WITH
NO SAFETY SYSTEMS
STEAMTURBINE and GENERATOR
Simple Controlroom HTR-10 SAFE TEST HTR 10
THORIUM, THE OTHER FUEL SAFE TEST HTR 10 .By: Prof. Dr. J.A. Goedkoop, Date: 27-January 1994 (Late director of the ECN NetherlandsThe fission of uranium has become a mature technique. Disadvantages are the proliferation danger and the creation of long-living actinides, which make geological storage necessary. An alternative is the fission of thorium (THROUGH U233).
CONSTRUCTION FUEL PLANT: 24 MONTHS
FUEL PLANT COST: 30 MILLION DOLLAR
OUTPUT: 1.000.000 PEBBELS PER YEAR
PRICE PER PEBBLE: 50 € (50 MILLION PER YEAR)
THE STGR IS FACTORY MANUFACTURED AND TRANSPORTED TO THE SELECTED SITE FOR ERECTION. THIS GUARANTEES MINIMAL CONSTRUCTION TIME OF 36 MONTHS.
THE STGR IS IDEAL FOR “PRODUCTION IN SERIES” AND THE FUEL IS IDEAL FOR “MASS PRODUCTION”.
ALL CAN BE: MADE IN INDIA
3: PROCESS HEAT
STGR AND SAFE TEST HTR 10AIR POLLUTION FREE HYDROGEN
Super Grid of the Future Integrates Superconducting
Transmission with H2 and Electricity Energy Carriers