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JUST DO IT!. Take out your SOL Wrap Up Packets for me to check! Using the packets on your desk and the last page of your notes packet, complete the chart! You may work together!. Slavery & Abolition—Women & Reform. Session 5 : Expansion & The Age of Jackson. Sections 8.2 & 8.3. Objectives .

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Just do it
JUST DO IT!

  • Take out your SOL Wrap Up Packets for me to check!

  • Using the packets on your desk and the last page of your notes packet, complete the chart! You may work together!


Slavery abolition women reform
Slavery & Abolition—Women & Reform

Session 5: Expansion & The Age of Jackson

Sections 8.2 & 8.3


Objectives
Objectives

  • Identify key abolitionists

  • Compare urban vs. rural slaves

  • Explain why women’s opportunities were limited in the mid-1800’s

  • Identify the reform movements that women participated in

  • Describe the progress of the women’s rights movement


Section 8 2 slavery abolition
Section 8.2 - Slavery & Abolition

Main Idea

Slavery became an explosive issue, as Southerners increasingly defended it, while Northerners increasingly attacked it.

In addition, the abolition movement gained momentum in attempting to end slavery.


Abolitionists speak out
Abolitionists Speak Out

  • Abolition

    • movement to outlaw slavery that gained momentum in the 1830s

      • William Lloyd Garrison

      • Frederick Douglass

  • Abolitionist Movement


William lloyd garrison
William Lloyd Garrison

  • White abolitionist and newspaper editor in Boston, Massachusetts

  • In 1831, he began publishing The Liberator, a newspaper that called for immediate, uncompensated, EMANCIPATION (freeing of slaves)

  • In 1833, he started the American Anti-Slavery Society, a group of white and black members who were committed to ending slavery


Frederick douglass
Frederick Douglass

  • American abolitionist and escaped slave from Maryland who became a public speaker for the American Anti-Slavery Society

  • Eventually published his own newspaper, The Northstar


Life under slavery
Life Under Slavery

  • U.S. had 2 million slaves by 1830, and by 1860, the U.S. had 4 million slaves

  • Most slaves had been born in the U.S., spoke English, and worked on plantations

  • Marriage allowed but not legally protected by law


Plantation slavery
Plantation Slavery

  • Plantation (rural) slavery

  • Slaves worked from dawn until dusk in the fields

  • A white overseer or slave driver was placed in charge of work crews to make sure slaves worked throughout the day


Urban slavery
Urban Slavery

  • Some skilled jobs in cities were opened up for slaves

    • Mill work, shipping, carpentry, blacksmithing

    • Slave owners hired out their slaves to factory owners


Slave rebellions
Slave Rebellions

  • Stono Rebellion

  • Gabriel Prosser

  • Denmark Vesey

  • Nat Turner’s Rebellion


Stono rebellion
Stono Rebellion

  • (1739) – 20 slaves in South Carolina tried to escape to Spanish controlled Florida

    • all were captured and killed, then beheaded

  • Sometimes called Cato's Conspiracy

    • Stono Rebellion


Gabriel prosser
Gabriel Prosser

  • (1800) – plotted to take over Richmond, Virginia

    • Captured and killed


Denmark vesey
Denmark Vesey

  • (1820) – plotted to take over Charleston, South Carolina

    • He and his followers were captured and killed before they rebelled


Nat turner s rebellion
Nat Turner’s Rebellion

  • (1831) – 80 slaves in Virginia attacked several plantations, killing 60 whites

    • State militia captured Turner and his followers

    • Put on trial, convicted, and hanged


Significance of turner s rebellion
Significance of Turner’s Rebellion

  • White on black violence erupted (200 blacks killed)

  • Southern whites determined to defend the institution of slavery

  • Slave Codes – state laws passed to restrict slaves’ activities


  • Section 8 3 women and reform
    Section 8.3 - Women and Reform

    Main Idea

    At the same time the abolitionist and temperance movements grew, another reform movement to give equal rights to women took root.

    This became known as the women’s suffrage (right to vote) movement.


    Women s roles in the mid 1800s
    Women’s Roles in the Mid-1800s

    • Cult of Domesticity: dominant idea of the 1800s that married women were restricted to housework and child care

    • No political rights for women – no right to vote


    Women s roles in the mid 1800 s
    Women’s Roles in the Mid-1800’s

    • Women participated in the:

      • Abolition Movement

      • Education Movement

      • Temperance Movement


    Abolition movement
    Abolition Movement

    • Women active in trying to abolish slavery

    • Women spoke out against slavery, raised money, distributed literature, and collected signatures for petitions to Congress

    • The abolitionist cause became a powerful spur to other reform causes


    Education for women
    Education for Women

    • Women became active in pushing for more educational opportunities for women

      • Sarah Grimke ran a school for women and wrote Letters on the Equality of Sexes and the Condition of Woman (1838)

        • She was also an abolitionist!

      • Emma Willard opened the The Troy Female Seminary, one of the first academically rigorous schools for girls

      • Oberlin College, in Ohio, submits four women in 1837, becoming the nation’s first coed college

      • African American women faced greater obstacles getting an education


    Temperance movement
    Temperance Movement

    • Women became active in Temperance Movement, the effort to prohibit the drinking of alcohol

    • The American Temperance Society is founded in 1826, and by 1833 there were ~6,000 local temperance societies across the U.S.

    • Held rallies, produced pamphlets, and brought about decline in alcohol consumption


    Women s role in the mid 1800 s
    Women’s Role in the Mid-1800’s

    • Significance – Participation in these social movements provided women with the opportunity to become active outside of the home, which helped lead to the push for increased rights.


    Women s rights movement emerges
    Women’s Rights Movement Emerges

    • Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    • Seneca Falls Convention

    • Susan B. Anthony


    Elizabeth cady stanton
    Elizabeth Cady Stanton

    • Attended an anti-slavery convention in Great Britain, the World’s Anti-Slavery Conventionin 1840, where women were discriminated against

    • Decided to form a women’s rights convention and establish a women’s rights movement


    World anti slavery convention 1840
    World Anti-Slavery Convention, 1840

    William Lloyd Garrison


    Seneca falls convention
    Seneca Falls Convention

    • The Seneca Falls Convention (1848) was a women’s right convention held by Elizabeth Cady Stanton andLucretia Mott

    • Women there drafted the Declaration of Sentiments to call for increased women’s rights including the right to vote

      • Based on the Declaration of Independence

        • “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal.”


    Susan b anthony
    Susan B. Anthony

    • Became a leading advocate for women’s suffrage in the mid to late 1800s

    • Along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded NAWSA, (National American Woman Suffrage Association) in 1890


    Homework
    Homework:

    • Entire SOL Wrap Up Packet Due!

    • Complete Summary and Questions sections of notes!


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