Albinism. By Elizama Pons Dr. Thomas Brennan Mrs. McMahon Bronx Community College. Introduction.
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Bioinformatics is the analysis of biological information using computers and statistical techniques; the science of developing and utilizing computer databases and algorithms to accelerate and enhance biological research. Bioinformatics is more of a tool than a discipline, the tools for analysis of Biological Data.
Albinism is when a living organism doesn’t have the usual amount of pigment or color.
is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of phenols (such as tyrosine) and is widespread in plants and animals. Tyrosinase is a copper-containing enzyme present in plant and animal tissues that catalyzes the production of melanin and other pigments from tyrosine by oxidation, as in the blackening of a peeled or sliced potato exposed to air.
Chediak-Higashi Syndrome- not common form of albinism characterized by an abnormality in certain types of white blood cells. This type of albinism gives a lower chance for the immune system to fight off pathogens.
Griscelli Syndrome- an extremely rare type of albinism. There are only 60 known cases worldwide of this type. Giscelli Syndrome as well as the Chediak-Higashi Syndrome involves immunodeficiency and sometimes could involve neurological problems.
A computer program that identifies homologous genes in different organisms such as worms, the fruit fly, mice, and humans. Homologous genes are genes in different species that share similar structures and functions.
abc "Albinism", by Dr. Raymond E. Boissy, Dr. James J. Nordlund, et al., at eMedicine, 22 August 2005; retrieved 31 March 2007
ab Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man Database, at Johns Hopkins University (see also Mendelian Inheritance in Man for more information about this source).
abcd "Facts about Albinism", by Richard King et al.
"Feather Colors: What We See" by Dr. Julie Feinstein of the American Museum of Natural History (NY), in Birder's World Magazine online archive; sourced December 2006, actual authoring/publication date unspecified.
"The Parblue Puzzle: Part 4—Common Parblue Varieties: The Cockatiel [Nymphicushollandicus]" by Clive Hesford, The Genetics of Colour in the Budgerigar and Other Parrots, January 1998
"Amphibian Biology & Physiology: Caudata" at Amphibian Information Resource: An Educational Web Project About Amphibian Species; sourced December 2006, actual authoring/publication date unspecified.
IloHiler, Albinos. Young Naturalist. The Louise Lindsey Merrick Texas Environment Series, No. 6, pp. 28-31. Texas A&M University Press, College Station (1983)
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Draize, J.H., Woodard, G. & Calvery, H.O. (1944) Methods for the study of irritation and toxicity of substances applied topically to the skin and mucous membranes. J. Pharmacol. and Exp. Therapeutics. 82, 377–390.
de Brito, Marcelo F. G.; Caramaschi, Érica P. (2005). "An albino armored catfish Schizolecisguntheri (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from an Atlantic Forest coastal basin" (PDF). Neotropical Ichthyology3 (1): 123–125. http://www.ufrgs.br/ni/vol3num1%5CBrito%20&%20Caramaschi.pdf.