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1. 1 ??Over view on Good Governance, progress and challenges in Rwanda??.Presentation meant for Development Partners meeting; Kigali, Rwanda.21-23/11/ 2006
Ministry of Local Government, Good Governance, Community Development and Social Affairs
2. 2 Good Governance definition Governance is as old as Society.
It has many varying definitions.
Its main mission is the well being of society.
Underlying principles of governance are universal
Institutional frameworks and processes for governance differ across societies-respond to different historical realities
Governance must be legitimate through National ownership.
3. 3 Governance a pillar of vision vision 2020. United and prosperous nation founded on the positive values of its culture. Openness to the world and Diaspora.
Committed to being a capable state, characterised by the rule of law that supports and protects all its citizens without discrimination.
Social and economic transformation towards rapid development.
Ensure good governance, which can be understood as accountability, transparency and efficiency in deploying scarce resources.
People?s participation at the grassroots level promoted through the decentralisation process.
4. 4 Universal Elements of good Good Governance Participation
Transparency and accountability
Efficiency and effectiveness
Respect for human rights
Rule of law
Separation of powers
Visionary leadership and enlightened citizenry are fundamental to the realisation of these principles
5. 5 Good governance programs. Institutional strengthening and co-ordination
Unity and reconciliation, Peace and Security.
Social welfare of the population
Private sector and civil society
Economic planning and management
6. 6 Actors in Good Governance
7. 7 Achievements National reconstitution
Restoration of relative peace and security of person and property:
National reconciliation, resettlement and re-integration of the population
Participative constitutional making process
Constitutionalising and guaranteeing political and civic liberties (articles 33 ? 39)
National and local democratic elections
Strengthening legislative authority and parliamentary control:
Promoting and encouraging respect for Human Rights:
Administering justice, law, and order
8. 8 Constitutional basis for political reconstitution (article 9) Fighting the ideology of genocide and all its manifestations
Eradication of ethnic, regional and other divisions, and promotion of national unity
Equitable sharing of power
Building a state governed by the rule of law, a pluralistic democratic government, equality of Rwandans and between women and men reflected by ensuring that women are granted at least 30% of posts in the decision making organs
Building a state committed to promoting social welfare and establishing appropriate mechanisms for ensuring social justice
The constant quest for solutions through dialogue and consensus
9. 9 Achievements cont?d Promotion of gender equality and women empowerment
Protecting and managing the environment
Reforming and strengthening the Civil service
Promotion of media and right to information
INVOLVEMENT OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN POLICY DIALOGUE AND IMPLEMENTATION
10. 10 Achievements cont?d Fostering transparent and accountable management of Public Affairs
Developing the Human resources and capacity building
11. 11 Transparency and accountability Institutions created
NTB, Ombudsman (2557/3056 ), NEC, AGO,RNEC, Anti Corruption Steering Committee, NHRC, JAF
Public accountability day
Performance contracts (IMIHIGO)
Monthly meeting at UMUDUGUDU level
Oversight of institutions and programmes of Parliament and councils
12. 12 NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL: UN AWARD. PROMOTION OF :
EQUITY cf PREVIOUSLY INTITUTIONALISED DISCRIMINATION
TRANSPARENCY BY MARKS AND CHOICE
13. 13 Challenges Poverty Diminished self esteem/confidence):- people's voice and pro-poor programs slowly changing the mindset.
Insufficient Capacities :- (financial and human resources, infrastructure and operating environment )
Entrenched Culture of Centralism;
Not enough community spirit, transparency and accountability cultural values;
14. 14 challenges
Some degree of lack of Legal and policy framework due to reforms process
Need for robust coordination of Local and National Planning processes
Need to match resources to responsibilities at all levels
15. 15 Challenges cont?d The continued presence of both mind sets and activities of those who contributed to the genocide, deliberately undermining efforts of GoR
Inability of codifying best practices and important National processes eg constitution making.
Adequate communication on development consensus, priorities and achievements.
Globalisation which has led to expectations of conformity to one global system or another (depending on who is funding you at the time)rather than support for emerging national models
16. 16 Future Priorities Carry out assessments and evaluations of existing governance programs to inform policy and program revision.
Continued promotion of meaningful citizen participation through civic education, participatory planning and budgeting, CRC, democratisation etc
Strenthening the processes and institutions of transparency, accountability, monitoring and evaluations
Strenthening leadership capacity at all levels including change of mindsets
Support good governance research institutions like GAC, OSSREA
Deepen, integrate, support decentralisation program through RDSF
17. 17 Articulate in writing experiences gained in all good governance programs
Continuation of National building, justice and reconciliation programs
Continued improvement of partnership arrangements and consensus building.
Create Clear framework and mechanism for extension of ICT facilities up to the sector level;
Protect Rwanda?s most vulnerable citizens & enhance their lives and productivity
18. 18 Conclusion Since 1994 Rwanda has gone through stabilisation, recovery& reconstruction, institutional development to lay foundation for sustainable development.
Basis of success has been dialogue consensus building and genuine partnership
Can we now have open dialogue to build consensus on GOVRNANCE in RWANDA in this PARTNERSHIP forum?