Sophocles: Life and Career. Biography.
Sophocles was the younger contemporary of Aeschylus older contemporary of Euripides. He was born in Colonus, a village just outside the walls of Athens, where his father Sophillus, was a wealthy manufacturer of armour. Because of his father’s wealth Sophocles was able to receive a fine education in Athens.
The relatively sketchy information about Sophocles’ civic life we have suggests that he was a popular favourite who participated actively in his community and exercised outstanding artistic talents.
-In 442 he served as one of the treasurers responsible for handling tribute money from Athens.
-In 440 he was elected one of the strategoi. He later served as strategos perhaps two times.
-At the age of 83 Sophocles became a proboulus one of 10 advisory commissioners who were granted special powers and were entrusted with organizing Athens’ financial and domestic recovery.
Sophocles won his first victory at the Dionysian dramatic festival in 468, however, defeating the great Aeschylus in the process. This began a career of unparalleled success and longevity. In total, Sophocles wrote 123 dramas for the festivals.
These few facts are about all that is known of Sophocles’ life. They imply steady and distinguished attachment to Athens, its government, religion, and social forms.