Newton’s Laws of Motion

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# Newton’s Laws of Motion - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Newton’s Laws of Motion. Chapter 19 Forces Section 3 pg 739 Section 4 pg 743. Isaac Newton “The force was with him&quot;. Born &amp; studied in England One of the most influential scientists of all time His discoveries of forces led to his credit of the Newton. Outline of Today’s Lesson.

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### Newton’s Laws of Motion

Chapter 19 Forces

Section 3 pg 739

Section 4 pg 743

Isaac Newton “The force was with him"
• Born & studied in England
• One of the most influential scientists of all time
• His discoveries of forces led to his credit of the Newton.
Outline of Today’s Lesson

Main Idea: Newton’s Laws of Motion

• First Law of Motion
• Second Law of Motion
• Net Force = Mass X Acceleration
• Third Law of Motion
• Review Notes
• Discuss Homework for next class
Newton’s First Law of Motion
• Also known as The Law of Inertia
• Inertia has a 2 part definition:

Part I: If an object is moving, then it will continue to move until a force stops it.

Part II: If an object is at rest, then it will remain at rest until a force moves it.

How does mass effect inertia?
• Mass: the amount of matter in an object. The measure of mass does NOT change if gravity is not present.
• Greater Inertia:

The more mass an object has the harder it will be to move or keep still.

• Less Inertia:

The opposite is true: If an object has less mass, then it will be easier to move or keep still.

While you look at this…
• Ask yourself, which one has the greater mass? The lesser mass?
• Also, based on your guesses about mass, which one has the greater inertia? Lesser inertia?
• The strength of inertia is directly proportional to the mass of the object.
• In other words, what happens to mass also happens to inertia.
Let’s Review!
• Newton’s First Law of Motion

*The more mass an object has, the more inertia it will have

*The less mass an object has, the less inertia it will have

Remember objects with more mass are always harder to keep still or keep moving! This affects how much inertia an object has.

Newton’s Second Law of Motion
• Main Idea of this Law: It’s a math problem
• Law States…

Net Force = Mass X Acceleration

Let’s test out this formula…

Ex 1: What is the net force on a 1,000 kg object accelerating at 3 m/s2?

1: What formula will you use? NF = M X A

2: Plug in the values. NF = (1,000kg)(3 m/s2)

3: Solve! Net Force = 3,000 Newtons

Let’s try another example…
• Ex 2: A car speeds up as it moves along the road. If a force of 175 N is needed to make the car accelerate to 25 m/s2. What’s the car’s mass?
• Formula: Net Force = Mass x Acceleration
• OR Mass = Net Force / Acceleration
• Plug in your values: Mass = 175 N / 25 m/s2
• Divide and your answer is a MASS OF IS 7 kg
Let’s try another
• Calculate the amount of acceleration needed to move a 25 kilogram statue with a force of 75 N.

Formula: Acceleration = NF / Mass

Plug in values A = 75 N / 25 kg