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The String Family. Orchestral and Traditional String Instruments. What is a String Instrument?. A String instrument is any instrument that uses string to create music All string instruments are made of wood They are used to balance the ensembles sound. Especially in the orchestra

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The string family

The String Family

Orchestral and Traditional String Instruments


What is a string instrument
What is a String Instrument?

  • A String instrument is any instrument that uses string to create music

  • All string instruments are made of wood

  • They are used to balance the ensembles sound. Especially in the orchestra

  • Sound is created by bowing, plucking, strumming or hitting the strings

  • They have a unique sound



Orchestral string instruments1
Orchestral String instruments

  • There are 4 orchestral string instruments

  • They are played by using a bow

  • The bow is made of a thin piece of special wood and horse hair

  • The bow is pulled and pushed across the stings


Violin
Violin

  • Is the smallest of the string instruments

  • Has the highest pitch

  • Sound is made by the bow being pulled across the stings

  • Used in orchestral music as well as different genres such as bluegrass, folk and progressive



Viola
Viola

  • Is the second smallest of the string instruments

  • Plays in the “alto” range

  • Looks and sounds a lot like a violin

  • Sound is created by pulling or pushing the bow across the strings



Cello
Cello

  • Cello is the second largest of the string instruments

  • You have to sit down when you play it

  • It goes in between your legs

  • Sound is made from the bow vibrating when it is pulled across the strings



Double bass
Double Bass

  • Is the biggest of the string instruments

  • Is 6ft tall! That is as tall as Mr. Dillard

  • Players have to stand or sit on a large stool to play the instrument

  • You can play with the bow or by plucking the strings



Folk string instruments
Folk String instruments

  • These are string instruments that are used in folk and bluegrass music

  • You see these more commonly in our area than the orchestral strings

  • Were popular because they can play a variety of styles

  • Used for entertainment. Recreational music


Guitar
Guitar

  • Very popular string instrument

  • I own one

  • Very easy and accessible to play

  • Can accompany for many different genres of music



Banjo
Banjo

  • Has five strings, only four are actually the whole length of the neck. One is short and used to create the “drone” sound

  • The head of the banjo is a drum

  • Used in Bluegrass music



Dulcimer
Dulcimer

  • Is a traditional Appalachian Music

  • You can create the sound by strumming or “hammer” the dulcimer strings

  • Has four stings; you have a main melody string and four drone strings

  • Play it sitting down on your lap



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